Margaret M Allemang Centre for the History of Nursing
Bulletin Description Bulletin Archives Membership
Description Bulletin Archives Membership

 

 

NUMBER 24

BULLETIN

MARCH 2001

Margaret M. Allemang Centre for Nursing History

Editor: Natalie Riegler, RN, PhD. 3 Dromore Crescent, Willowdale, Ontario, M2R 2H4.
TEL: 416-221-5632 E-MAIL: editor@allemang.on.ca.

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This bulletin is an accumulation of news and information gleaned from many sources across the country, the continent and the world. In order to reduce the number of pages, I have sometimes eliminated references to sources. However, my thanks go out to all of you who edit bulletins, newsletters or journals, arrange conferences, and in innumerable ways demonstrate that the historyof nursing is thriving.

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BOOK REVIEW: by Fred Brailey.

As for the Canadians: The Remarkable Story of the RCAF's "Guinea Pigs" of World War II. By Rita Donovan. Buschek Books, 2000. ISBN 1-894543-03-3.

With five novels and several literary awards to her credit, Rita Donovan has produced the first comprehensive account of the Canadians' experience of "Guinea Piggery." Over 600 Commonwealth airmen passed through the burn clinic of the Queen Victoria Hospital, East Grinstead, Surrey, during WW II. Severely burned faces and hands, multiple fractures, fingers lost to severe frost, all were treated under the direction of "Maestro" plastic surgeon "Archie" McIndoe, Canadian "Wingco" Ross Tilley and their remarkably skilful teams.

From the beginning of hostilities in 1939, Allied military hospitals were increasingly busy with plastic surgery. Unfortunately, many doctors were not using the latest knowledge and techniques. With foresight, skill and persistent determination, McIndoe helped greatly to improve military medicine. Donovan describes how Dr. Ross Tilley in the Canadian Wing at East Grinstead achieved wonders. Many patients succeeded in returning to "ops."

In this highly readable book, the burned airmen describe what the war was like for those who inadvertently joined an exclusive club. In their own lingo, they were "fried," "mashed," or "hash-browned." Seeing themselves on the "cutting edge" of experimental advances in surgery, the patients logically formed their own unique Guinea Pig Club.

That they endured and became normal again, some with years of surgery, was credited to the exceptional camaraderie among patients and staff and the acceptance and hospitality shown to them by the people of East Grinstead. Much of the success in returning burned airmen and others to normal lives was due to the compassionate insight, skill, humour and genius of both Sir Archibald McIndoe and Dr. Tilley. Out of disaster came new life: "It is as if, through this baptism by fire, they had in the truest sense been `born again' to the importance, simply, of being alive."

Despite their dwindling numbers, the Canadian Guinea Pigs continue to hold reunions and get on with their lives. Donovan has done them proud.

Readers may be interested in learning these additional facts about the Nursing Sisters. Frances Oakes was one of the first Nursing Sisters commissioned in the RCAF, effective May 25, 1941. The first Canadian Nursing Sisters posted to the burn clinic (in the Queen Victoria cottage hospital) at East Grinstead were Oakes and Lenora "Lyn" Loyst, in May 1942. The American Wing was already in operation; the Canadian Wing opened the following year. Donovan notes that plans for a ceremonial opening were scrubbed because V-1 buzz bombs were frequently flying overhead.

N/S Marjorie Jackson arrived some 2 or 3 months after Oakes and Loyst. She was promoted in 1944 to first Matron of the Canadian Wing. Oakes became Acting Matron on October 1, 1944. At least two dozen additional RCAF Nursing Sisters were posted to East Grinstead. It is heartening to see their stories in Donovan's book. She has done them proud too.

Both Oakes and Loyst were posted back to Canada in 1944. Upon her return to Canada, Oakes was promoted to Principal Matron, RCAF Nursing Service. Since retiring from the air force in 1958, she has been living in Guelph and on August 30, 2000 celebrated her 94th birthday.

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[Fred has also reviewed this book for the Canadian Aviation Historical Society.]


ARCHIVES/CENTRES/GALLERIES/MUSEUMS/MEMORIALS/MONUMENTS:

"Another Monument." In Ocean View Cemetery, Burnaby, BC. there is a small fountain within a grove of trees. On the pedestal is inscribed "Erected by the citizens of Trail, BC to the memory of Nurse Mildred Neilson 1890-1925 - So greatly loved." History of Nursing News 10 (January 2000): 10.

Baker-Cederberg Museum and Archives, Rochester, NY has an historical chronology of local hospital events on its website <www.viaHealth.org/archives/chronology.html>. Internet. Phil Maples, NURHIS-L, 10 August 2000.

Brooks, Janet Rae. "Florence Nightingale's Light Still Shines." Globe and Mail (Toronto), 12 February 2000, T19. The Turkish army in co-operation with the Turkish Nurses' Association have created a Nightingale museum in the former "Sisters' Tower" in Uskadar, Turkey. Uskadar was previously called Scutari. The tower was the former quarters for Nightingale and her nurses during the Crimea War.

Centre for the History of Nursing, Queen Margaret University College, Edinburgh and the Royal College of Nursing. CONTACT: Barbara Mortimer, Queen Margaret University College, Corstorphine Campus, Clerwood Terrace, Edinburgh EH12 8TS. TEL: 0131-317-3565. Pamphlet.

DuGas, Beverly. "A Place of Our Own." Nursing BC. (November-December 1999). History of Nursing News 10 (January 2000): 4. [[A view of the archival plans and activities of the BC History of Nursing Professional Practice Group].

Elbas, Nalan Ozhan. "Do You Know That There is a Museum Dedicated to Florence Nightingale in Turkey?" Nursing History Review 9 (2001): 239-240.

Munro, Barbara Hazard. "Boston College Expands Its Nursing Collection." Bulletin (AAHN) 66 (Spring 2000): 5-6. Described by Virginia Henderson as the best nursing library in any country.

"Museum Reorganizes in Arizona." Bulletin (AAHN) 66 (Spring 2000): 6. Rosato Museum for Nursing is now the American Museum of Nursing in Glendale, Arizona.

RCN Archives are now locate in Edinburgh.. Address: 42 South Oswald Road, Edinburgh EH9 2HH. TEL: 0131-662-1010. FAX: 0131-662-1032. E-MAIL: <archives@rcn.org.uk>. Pamphlet.

Riverview Hospital Museum, BC. opened in September 2000. If you wish to visit contact Anna Tremere TEL: 604-660-8626 or 604-524-7521; E-MAIL: <tremere@direct.ca>. History of Nursing News 11 (Fall 2000): 7.

Ruet, Karen. "The Nursing History Resource Centre." New Brunswick Reader 3 June 2000, 11-13. Includes photographs. [Courtesy Dr. Arlee Hoyt McGee].

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ARTICLES:

Abrams, Sarah E. "A Place at the Table: Nurses' Experience with the Rockefeller Foundation." Reflections 23 (Third/Fourth Quarter 1997): 18-19.

Adams, Annmarie. "Borrowed Buildings: Canada's Temporary Hospitals during World War I." Canadian Bulletin of Medical History 16, no. 1 (1999): 25-48.

Baer, Ellen D. "Values that Drove Nursing Science in the 1970s." Reflections 23 (Third/Fourth Quarter 1997): 42-43.

Bashford, Alison. "Domestic Scientists: Modernity, Gender and the Negotiation of Science in Australian Nursing, 1800-1910." Journal of Women's History 12 (2): 127-146. Newsletter (CAHN/ACHN), 13 (Autumn 2000, 15.

Bear, Elizabeth M. "Trendsetter: Ruth Watson Lubic." JOGNN 29 (January/February 2000): 95-99.

Beaton, Janet, and Marion McKay. "Caroline Wellwood: Pragmatic Visionary." Profile of a Leader series. Canadian Journal of Nursing Leadership 12 (November/December 1999): 30-33.

Blair, Louisa. "Sheets of a Pleasant Colour." Beaver 80 (April/May 2000): 8-12. [Hôtel-Dieu de Québec, 1639-1762].

Bliss, Julie, and Alison While. "Team Work and Collaboration: The Position of District Nursing 1948-1974." IHNJ 5 (Summer 2000): 22-29.

Bolton, Linda Burnes, and Anne Goodenough. "Through the Looking Glass: Hospitals Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow." American Journal of Nursing 100 (October 2000): 96A, 96C.

Brodie, Barbara. "Mothers & Pediatric Nursing: Changing Values 1880-1960." Reflections 23 (Third/Fourth Quarter 1997): 33-35.

Brodie, Barbara. "Reflections on a Century of Nursing." Windows in Time 8 (February 2000): 1-2.

Brodie, Barbara. "Nursing Shortages, Surpluses, and Maldistribution: An Old Refrain." Windows in Time 8(October 2000): 1-2.

Brown, Brian, Milton Keynes, Peter Nolan, and Paul Crawford. "Men in Nursing: Ambivalence in Care, Gender and Masculinity." IHNJ 5 (Summer 2000): 4-13.

Brown, William H. "Dr. C. K. Clarke and the Training School for Nurses." In The Provincial Asylum in Toronto: Reflections on Social and Architectural History, ed. Edna Hudson, 167-180. Toronto: Toronto Region Architectural Conservancy, 2000.

Burke, Kathleen G., and Julie Fairman. "The Patient is Awake." American Journal of Nursing 100 (October 2000): 78-81. [Includes photographs of nurses].

Byczynski, Julie. "Patricia Dorothy Kennedy Bethune." Portrait of Leadership series. Registered Nurse 12 (March/April 2000): 11-12.

Carnegie, M. Elizabeth. "Fifty Years of Racial Integration in the Florida Nurses Association - A Lesson in Making Social and Health Care Policy." Bulletin (AAHN), no. 67 (Summer, 2000): 5-7.

Chatterton, Claire. "Women in Mental Health Nursing: Angels or Custodians?" IHNJ 5 (Spring 2000): 11-19.

Collingwood, Margaret. "Nurse Education in Scotland, 1940s to 1960s: Quests and Quotations." IHNJ 5 (Summer 2000): 68-72.

Connolly, Cynthia. "The TB Preventorium." American Journal of Nursing 100 (October 2000): 62-65. [paediatric].

[Cooper, Signe]. "Highlighting an AAHN Member: Signe Cooper." Bulletin (AAHN) 66 (Spring 2000): 9.

Crowder, Eleanor L. M. "What It Means to be a Nurse Historian." Reflections 21 (Spring 1995): 13.

D'Antonio, Patricia. "Nineteenth Century Nursing: Science and the Values of Duty, Will, and Power." Reflections 23 (Third/Fourth Quarter 1997): 16-17.

Dawley, Katy. "The Campaign to Eliminate the Midwife." American Journal of Nursing 100 (October 2000): 50-56.

Dawley, Katy. "Ideology and Self-Interest: Nursing, Medicine, and the Elimination of the Midwife." Nursing History Review 9 (2001): 99-126.

Dodd, Dianne. "Nurses' Residences: Using the Built Environment as Evidence." Nursing History Review 9 (2001): 185-206.

Duncan, Susan M., Beverly D. Leipert, and Judy E. Mill. "`Nurses as Health Evangelists?': The Evolution of Public Health Nursing in Canada, 1918-1939." Advances in Nursing Science 22 (September 1999): 40-51.

Dunphy, Lynne M. "`The Steel Cocoon': Tales of the Nurses and Patients of the Iron Lung, 1929-1955." Nursing History Review 9 (2001): 3-33.

Fairman, Julie, and Sarah Kagan. "Creating Critical Care: The Case of the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, 1950-1965." Advances in Nursing Science 22 (September 1999): 63-77.

Farrell-Beck, Jane. "Care of the Maternal Breast: Techniques and Nurses' Roles, 1900-1948." Nursing History Review 9 (2001): 79-97.

Fiset, Louis. "Health Care at the Central Utah (Topaz) Relocation Center." Journal of the West 38 (April 1999): 34-44. [Japanese relocation in the American west].

Foley, Sylvia, Dalia Sofer, and Joy Jacobson. "`I am Faithful, I Do Not Give Out': Walt Whitman, Civil War Poet - and Nurse." American Journal of Nursing 100 (October 2000): 48-49.

Fondiller, Shirley H. "The Depression Years: Problems and Progress." Reflections 23 (Third/Fourth Quarter 1997): 22-23.

Fondiller, Shirley H. "Nursing Education in the 1960s: Revolt and Reform." Nursing and Health Care Perspectives 20 (July/August 1999): 182-184.

Fondiller, Shirley H. "The Development of Objective Techniques to Measure Nursing Knowledge, 1941-1952." Nursing and Health Care Perspectives 20 (September/October 1999): 234-236.

Fondiller, Shirley H. "One Hundred Years Ago: Nursing Education at the Dawn of the 20th Century." Nursing and Health Care Perspectives 20 (November/December 1999): 286-288.

Fondiller, Shirley H. "Strengthening the Faculty Role." Nursing and Health Care Perspectives 21 (January/February 2000): 5-7.

Fondiller, Shirley H. "A Retrospective on Civil Rights." Nursing and Health Care Perspectives 21 (March/April 2000): 62-64.

Fondiller, Shirley H. "In the Footsteps of Mary Breckinridge." Nursing and Health Care Perspectives 21 (May/June 2000): 112-114.

Fondiller, Shirley H. "From the Archives - Action in Adversity in the 1930s and 1940s: Effie Taylor, Nellie Hawkinson, and Stella Goostray." Nursing and Health Care Perspectives 21, no. 5 (2000): 212-215. Bulletin (AAHN), 68 (Fall 2000): 7.

Frey, Lesley. "Margaret R. Page." Portrait of Leadership series. Registered Nurse 12 (July/August 2000): 7-9.

Goldsmith, Julie. "Mary W. Tolle Wright was Honor Society Co-Founder 1900-1999." Reflections 25, no. 2 (Second Quarter 1999): 31-33.

Gorrie, Margaret L. "Nursing." In TPH: History and Memories of the Toronto Psychiatric Hospital, 1925-1966, ed. Edward Shorter, 193-217. Toronto: Wall & Emerson, Inc., 1996.

Grando, Victoria T. "The Influence of Economic Forces on American Nursing: Post World War II - 1945 to 1950." Reflections 23 (Third/Fourth Quarter 1997): 24-25.

Gregor, Frances M. "Profile of a Leader: Margaret Mary Hunter, CM, CSt.J, CD, RN." Newsletter (CAHN/ACHN), 13 (Autumn 2000): 11-13.

Gregor, Frances M. "Margaret Mary Hunter, CM, CSt.J, CD, RN." Profile of a Leader series. Canadian Journal of Nursing Leadership 13 (November/December 2000): 27-29.

Hamilton, Diane. "Image & Ideas." Reflections 23 (Third/Fourth Quarter 1997): 44-45.

Harris, Nancy A. "Florence Henderson: The Art of Open-Drop Ether." Nursing History Review 9 (2001): 159-184.

Haugh, Kathryn Henley. "`Nursing by Default': The Evolution of Floor Nursing, 1900-1965." Windows in Time 8 (October 2000): 5-7.

Hawkins, Joellen W., Mary Ellen Doona, and Loretta P. Higgins. "American Women in the 1920s." Reflections 23 (Third/Fourth Quarter 1997): 20-21.

Hawkins, Joellen W., and Linda L. Bellig. "The Evolution of Advanced Practice Nursing in the United States: Caring for Women and Newborns." JOGNN 29 (January/February 2000): 83-89.

Helmstadter, Carol. "From the Private to the Public Sphere: The First Generation of Lady Nurses in England." Nursing History Review 9 (2001): 127-140.

Heistand, Wanda C. "Think Different: Inventions and Innovations by Nurses, 1850-1950." American Journal of Nursing 100 (October 2000): 72-77.

"Highlighting AAHN Member M. Elizabeth Carnegie." Bulletin (AAHN), no. 67 (Summer, 2000): 7, 11.

Hoerst, Barbara J., and Julie Fairman. "Social and Professional Influences of the Technology of Electronic Fetal Monitoring on Obstetrical Nursing." Western Journal of Nursing Research 22 (June 2000): 475-491.

Jan, Rafat. "Rufaida Al-Asalmiya, the First Muslim Nurse." Image 28 (Fall 1996): 267-268.

Jasen, Patricia. "Materialism and the Homeopathic Mission in Late-Victorian Montreal." Canadian Bulletin of Medical History 16, no. 2 (1999): 293-315. [Montreal Homeopathic Hospital, Phillips Training School for Nurses].

Kelman, Betty. "Edith Cavell: The Woman Behind the Name." Portrait of Leadership series. Registered Nurse 12 (May/June 2000): 6-7.

Kelsey, Amanda. "The Making of Health Visitors: An Historical Perspective - Part I." IHNJ 5 (Summer 2000): 44-50.

Kennel, Susan. "From Despair to Hope: The Nursing Care of Children with Leukemia, 1940-1980." Windows in Time 8 (February 2000): 5-7.

Kirkwood, Lynn. "Rae Chittick: A Thoughtful Leader." Profile of a Leader series. Canadian Journal of Nursing Leadership 13 (May/June 2000): 20-21.

Knollmueller, Ruth N. "In Her Own Words: The Story of Doris R. Schwartz, R.N., M.S., FAAN, Public Health Nurse." Public Health Nursing 15 (April 1998): 67-73.

Krisman-Scott, Mary Ann. "An Historical Analysis of Disclosure of Terminal Status." Journal of Nursing Scholarship (First Quarter 2000): 47-52.

Lagerwey, Mary D. "Nursing, Social Contents, and Ideologies in the Early United States Birth Control Movement." Nursing Inquiry 6, no.1 (1999): 17-25. Bulletin (AAHN), no. 67 (Summer, 2000): 9.

Leipert, Beverly. "Women's Health and the Practice of Public Health Nursing in Northern British Columbia." Public Health Nursing (September 1999). History of Nursing News 10 (March 2000: 14.

Lorenzton, Maria. "Nurse Education at the London Homeopathic Hospital 1903-1947: Preparation for Professional Specialists or Marginalised Cinderellas?" IHNJ 5 (Spring 2000): 20-27.

Lusk, Brigid. "What Values Drive Nursing Science? An Intellectual and Social History of Nursing - 1980-1997." Reflections 23 (Third/Fourth Quarter 1997): 46-47.

Lynaugh, Joan E. "Values in Conflict: The 1950s." Reflections 23 (Third/Fourth Quarter 1997): 26-29.

MacQueen, Joyce Schroeder. "Isabel Black: Committed to Prevention." Portrait of Leadership series. Registered Nurse 12 (January/February 2000): 5-6.

Malone, Mary. "A History of Health Visiting and Parenting in the Last 50 Years." IHNJ 5 (Summer 2000): 30-43.

Macrae, Janet. "Nightingale's Spiritual Philosophy and Its Significance for Modern Nursing." Image 27 (Spring 1995): 8-10.

Marshall, Elaine Sorensen, and Barbara Mann Wall. "Religion, Gender, and Autonomy: A Comparison of Two Religious Groups in Nursing and Hospitals in the Late Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries." Advances in Nursing Science 22 (September 1999: 1-22.

Martell, Louise K. "The Hospital and the Postpartum Experience: A Historical Analysis." JOGNN 29 (January/February 2000): 65-72.

Martin, Tania. "The Mother House of the Grey Nuns: A Building History of the General Hospital." Architecture in Canada 24, no. 2 (1999): 40-49.

Matilainen, Dahly. "Patterns of Ideas in the Professional Life and Writings of Karin Neuman-Rahn: A Biographical Study of the Ideas of Psychiatric Care in Finland in the Early Twentieth Century." Advances in Nursing Science 22 (September 1999): 78-88.

Manfreda, Marguerite Lucy. "Revising Katharine McLean Steele's Psychiatric Nursing Textbook." Bulletin (AAHN), no. 65 (Winter 2000): 6-8.

McBride, Angela Barron. "Nursing and the Women's Movement: The Legacy of the 1960s." Reflections 23 (Third/Fourth Quarter 1997): 38-41.

McBride, Angela Barron. "In Celebration of Virginia Avenel Henderson." Reflections 22 (First Quarter 1996): 22-23.

McCarthy, Rosemary T. "Reflections on the Occasion of the 75th Anniversary of Sigma Theta Tau." Reflections 23 (Third/Fourth Quarter 1997): 36-37.

Muller, Claire A. (MacKid). "Memories of a Nurse." In TPH: History and Memories of the Toronto Pyschiatric Hospital, 1925-1966, ed. Edward Shorter, 187-192. Toronto: Wall & Emerson, Inc., 1996.

Norbury, Frank B. "Dorothea Dix and the Founding of Illinois' First Mental Hospital." Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society 92 (Spring 1999): 13-29.

"Nurses Making a Difference: From Onion Plasters to Dental Clinics - The Life of Mae `Billie' Williams Colquitt, Public Health Nurse." American Journal of Nursing 100 (October 2000): 96T.

Olson, Tom. "Numbers, Narratives, and Nursing History." Social Science Journal 37, no. 1 (2000): 137-144. Bulletin (AAHN), no. 67 (Summer, 2000): 9.

Opare, Mary, and Judy E. Mill. "The Evolution of Nursing Education in a Postindependence Context - Ghana from 1957 to 1970." Western Journal of Nursing Research 22 (December 2000): 936-944.

Orr, Lynda Maeve. "Ministering Angels: The Victorian Order of Nurses and the Klondike Goldrush." British Columbia Historical News 33 (Fall 2000): 18-21.

Paulson, Esther, Glennis Zilm, and Ethel Warbinek. "Pioneer Government Advisor: Laura Holland, RN, RRC, CBE, LLD, (1883-1956)." Profile of a Leader series. Canadian Journal of Leadership 13 (September/October 2000): 36-39.

Peeling, Barbara, and Annabel Sells. "Canadian Nursing School Honors 75 Years." Reflections 21 (Spring 1995): 16-17. [University of Western Ontario].

Rafael, Adeline R. Falk. "From Rhetoric to Reality: The Changing Face of Public Health Nursing in Southern Ontario." Public Health Nursing 16 (February 1999): 50-59.

Rafael, Adeline R. Falk. "The Politics of Health Promotion: Influences on Public Health Promoting Nursing Practice in Ontario, Canada from Nightingale to the Nineties." Advances in Nursing Science 22 (September 1999): 23-39.

Rawnsley, Marilyn M. "Response to Reed's Nursing Reformation: Historical and Philosophical Foundations." Nursing Science Quarterly 13 (April 2000): 134-136.

Reed, Pamela G. "Nursing Reformation: Historical Reflections and Philosophical Foundations." Nursing Science Quarterly 13 (April 2000): 129-133.

Registered Nurses Association of Ontario. "Seventy Fifth Anniversary." Registered Nurse 12 (May/June 2000): insert.

Richardson, Sharon. "`Lively Combat': Kathleen Ellis and the Canadian Nurses Association's Lobby during the Second World War." Canadian Bulletin of Medical History 17, nos 1-2 (2000): 209-227.

Rinker, Sylvia. "The Real Challenge: Lessons from Obstetric Nursing History." JOGNN 29 (January/February 2000): 100-106.

Robbins, Jessica M. "`Barren of Results?': The Tuberculosis Nurses' Debate, 1908-1914." Nursing History Review 9 (2001): 35-50.

Robinson, Thelma M. "The Cadet Nurse Project." Bulletin (AAHN), no. 67 (Summer, 2000): 10.

Rodies, Katrina E. "Concerted Action to Meet the Nation's Nursing Needs: The First NLN Convention." Nursing and Health Care Perspectives 19 (November/December 1998): 262-263.

Rodies, Katrina E. "`Together We Stand': Ruth Sleeper and the Early Years." Nursing and Health Care Perspectives 20 (January/February 1999): 6-7.

Rosenfeld, Peri. "From the Lower East Side to the Upper Galilee: The Pioneering Experiences of Sara Bodek Paltiel, 1909-1993." Nursing History Review 9 (2001): 141-158.

Ross-Kerr, Janet C. "A Heritage of Healing: Reflections on Nursing in Canada." Reflections 23 (Third/Fourth Quarter 1997): 52-54.

Russell, David. "Roundway, Wiltshire County Asylum Attendants and Nurses, 1881-1905: A Window onto Victorian Sobriety." IHNJ 5 (Summer 2000): 14-21.

Salsali, Mahvash. "The Development of Nursing Education in Iran." IHNJ 5 (Summer 2000): 58-63.

Sandelowski, Margarete. "Venous Envy: The Post-World War II Debate over IV Nursing." Advances in Nursing Science 22 (September 1999): 52-62.

Sandelowski, Margarete. "This Most Dangerous Instrument: Propriety, Power, and the Vaginal Speculum." JOGNN 29 (January/February 2000): 73-82.

Sandelowski, Margarete. "Retrofitting Technology to Nursing: The Case of Electronic Fetal Monitoring." JOGNN 29 (May/June 2000): 316-324.

Sandelowski, Margarete. "Thermometers and Telephones: A Century of Nursing and Technology." American Journal of Nursing 100 (October 2000): 82-86.

Scannell-Desch, Elizabeth A. "The Lived Experience of Women Military Nurses in Vietnam during the Vietnam War." Image 28 (Summer 1996): 119-124.

Schmidt, Judy V., and Patricia Robin McCartney. "History and Development of Fetal Heart Assessment: A Composite." JOGNN 29 (May/June 2000): 295-305.

[Scott, Eric]. "Ella Mae Bongard." Portrait of Leadership series. Registered Nurse 12 (November/December 2000): 9-11.

Shore, Helen. "Cottage Hospitals in British Columbia." British Columbia Historical News 33 (Fall 2000): 14-17, cover.

Smith, Susan L., and Dawn D. Nickel. "From Home to Hospital: Parallels in Birthing and Dying in Twentieth-Century Canada." Canadian Bulletin of Medical History 16, no. 1 (1999): 49-64.

Smoyak, Shirley A. "Hildegard E. Peplau was Mental Health Nursing Innovator." Reflections 25, no. 2 (Second Quarter 1999): 37.

Sullivan, Eleanor J. "Legacies of Our Presidents." Reflections 23 (Third/Fourth Quarter 1997): 12-15. [Past presidents of Sigma Theta Tau].

Summers, Annette. "A Different Start: Midwifery in South Australia 1836-1920." IHNJ 5 (Summer 2000): 51-57.

Svedberg, Gunnel, and Gunilla Bjerén. "Narratives on Prolonged Baths from Psychiatric Care in Sweden during the First Half of the Twentieth Century." IHNJ 5 (Spring 2000): 28-35.

Thompson, Jill. "Comment: `No' to Nightingale's Image - A Response." Newsletter (CAHN/ACHN), 13 (Spring 2000): 4.

Toman, Cynthia. "Blood Work: Canadian Nursing and Blood Transfusion, 1942-1990." Nursing History Review 9 (2001): 51-78.

Webster, Charles. "The Early NHS and the Crisis of Public Health Nursing." IHNJ 5 (Spring 2000): 4-10.

Weir, Rosemary I. "Medical and Nursing Education in the Nineteenth Century: Comparisons and Comments." IHNJ 5 (Spring 2000): 42-47.

Whelan, Jean. "The Nurse Labor Market and the Rockefeller Foundation, 1923-1963." Research Reports (Rockefeller Archive Center), Spring 2000. The Chronicle 12 (Spring/Fall 2000): 4.

Widerquist, JoAnn. "Character: A Nightingale Criterion for Nursing Leadership." Nursing Management 7, no. 5 (2000): 5-7. Bulletin (AAHN), 68 (Fall 2000): 7.

Wigod, R. "Nurses' War Experiences Vivid in Remembrance." Vancouver Sun (11 November 1999): 17c. History of Nursing News 10 (January 2000): 9. [Mentions Joan Doree, who nursed burn patients at Basingstoke, England, and Ruth Littlejohn McIlrath].

Wright, Caroline M., Carmel Davies, and Karen Francis. "The History of Nursing Research in Australia." Reflections 21 (Spring 1995): 17-18.

Wynd, Christine A. "The Role of the Nurse Historian." Reflections 21 (Spring 1995): 12.

Xiang-Dong, Li, and Sonia Acorn. "The Evolution of Nursing Administration in China." International Nursing Review 46, no. 3 (1999): 91-94. History of Nursing News 10 (March 2000): 14.

Zilm, Glennis, and Ethel Warbinek. "Scharley Phoebe (Wright) Brown." Profile of a Leader series. Canadian Journal of Nursing Leadership 12 (September/October 1999): 24-26.

Zwelling, Elaine. "Trendsetter: Celeste Phillips, The Mother of Family-Centered Maternity Care." JOGNN 29 (January/February 2000): 90-94.

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ASSOCIATIONS/NETWORKS/ORGANIZATIONS/SOCIETIES:

British Nurses & Hospital Badge Society. CONTACT: Stephen Callander-Grant, General Secretary, 59 Haydons Road, Wimbledon, London SW19 1HL. History Info (RCN), February 2000, 1. This is a group interested in the history and preservation of nurses' hospital badges.

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BIO BITS:

"Elsie Clare Pidgeon" (1879-1956). An Australian nurse. Graduated from Sydney Hospital in 1908. Enlisted in 1914 with the #3 Australian General Hospital and served with #1 Australian Casualty Clearing Station in France. Saw service in Mudros (Lemnos), Cairo (Egypt), Brighton (England), and Abbeville (France). Awarded the Royal Red Cross (2nd Class). Received the Florence Nightingale Medal given by The International Red Cross (1935). Was Assistant Matron at Sydney Hospital. Internet. <http://www.users.bigpond.com/peter_pidgeon/elsie.htm>, 29 April 2000.

"Flossie (Floss) Elizabeth [Goetz] Smith." (1 October 1905-20 April 2000). Flossie graduated from St. Joseph's Hospital in Guelph c1927. During World War II, she volunteered as District Supervisor of the Red Cross Workrooms in Kirkland Lake and area. After the death of her husband in 1956, she did special duty in Toronto then worked in the newly formed Red Cross Blood Donor Clinic division and finally headed the Metropolitan Toronto Branch of the Junior Red Cross. Once retired, she volunteered at the Princess Margaret Hospital. Suzanne Sloan. "Lives Lived." Globe and Mail (Toronto), 7 June 2000, A20.

Iris Berlie MacKelvey Belle Carnell MacDonald. (died 25 December 2000). In a eulogy written by her children, we read that "mom" was born on Indian Isles, a remote island off Fogo Island, Newfoundland. In 1944, she graduated as a Registered Nurse from the Grace Hospital in St. John's. While married and raising a family she worked at Grace Maternity Hospital, Dartmouth/Halifax. For 25 years she was head nurse in the premature birth nursery at the Halifax Infirmary. "Eulogy to a Wonderful Mother." Globe and Mail 6 January 2001, C11.

"Korah's Largest Funeral for Nursing Sister Ann Coulter." Sault Channels (Sault Ste. Marie and District Branch, Ontario Genealogical Society), 18 (June 2000): 1, 3-4. This item is reprinted from the Sault Star 22 October 1934 and includes a 1905 photo]. [Courtesy of Marjorie Stuart].

"Patricia Dorothy Kennedy Bethune" (8 May 1945-4 January 2000). Pat trained in North Bay and graduated in 1964. While continuing to work at the North Bay General Hospital, she helped to found the Ontario Nurses' Association (ONA), became its president and later worked as nursing co-ordinator for the Ontario Ministry of Health. Julie Byczynski. "Lives Lived." Globe and Mail (Toronto), 15 February 2000, A24.

Riegler, Natalie. "Bertha Harmer (2 March 1880-14 December 1934)." Gravesites of Prominent Nurses Series. 20 May 2000. Internet. <http://www.aahn.org>. [See Lost and Found].

"Sharon M. (Doyle) Martin." (23 July 1942-11 September 1999). Sharon worked as a public health nurse in Toronto and Vancouver where she became regional co-ordinator for Vancouver's implementation of the provincial health reform initiatives. Susan Astill. "Lives Lived." Globe and Mail (Toronto), 7 January 2000, A20.

BOOKS/JOURNAL ISSUES/MONOGRAPHS/PAMPHLETS:

100 Years: Programs in Nursing Education Teachers College, Columbia University 1899-1999. New York: Nursing Education Alumni Association, 1999.

Advances in Nursing Science. "Nursing History." 22 (September 1999).

American Journal of Nursing. 100 (October 2000).

Baer, Ellen D., Patricia D'Antonio, Sylvia Rinker, and Joan Lynaugh, eds. Enduring Issues in American Nursing. New York: Springer Publishing Co., 2000. ISBN 0-8261-1373-7.

Bailey, Rosemary. In Celebration of a Century: A History of the League of Saint Bartholomew's Nurses. 1999. ISBN 0-9534-43330-7. IHNJ 5 (Spring 2000): 64.

Buhler-Wilkerson, Karen. No Place Like Home: Caring for the Sick, 1880-1965. Johns Hopkins University Press, c2001. The Chronicle 12 (Spring/Fall 2000): 5.

Carter, Doris V. Never Leave Your Head Uncovered: A Canadian Nursing Sister in World War Two. Waterdown, Ontario: Potlatch Publications, 1999. ISBN 0-919676-52-9. [Courtesy Mary Ann McNamara].

Connor, J. T. H. Doing Good: The Life of Toronto's General Hospital. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2000. ISBN 0-8020-4774-2.

Davis, Althea. Early Black American Leaders: Architects for Integration and Equality. NLN Press Publication. MA: Jones and Bartlett, 1999. ISBN 0-7637-1009-1. [Mary Elizabeth Mahoney, Martha Minerva Franklin, Adah Belle Samuels Thoms].

Fairman, Julie, and Joan E. Lynaugh. Critical Care Nursing: A History. University of Pennsylvania Press, 2000.

Gruber, Ruth. Raquela: A Woman of Israel. Coward, McCann and Geohegan, 1978; New York: Three Rivers Press, 2000. ISBN 0-8129-3153-X. [Raquela Levy Prywes, graduated 1946 from Hadassah-Henrietta Szold School of Nursing, Jerusalem].

Herrmann, Eleanor Krohn. Turn-of-the-Century Nursing Artifacts. 2nd ed. AAHN, 1996. [Courtesy of Jan Fickeissen].

Hudson, Edna, ed. The Provincial Asylum in Toronto: Reflections on Social and Architectural History. Toronto: Toronto Region Architectural Conservancy, 2000. ISBN 0-9699054-3-2.

Louis-Courvoisier, Micheline. Soigner et consoler: La vie quotidienne dans un hôpital à la fin de l'Ancien Régime, Genvève 1750-1820. Geneva: Georg, c2000. E-MAIL: <Louis@csnu.unige.ch>.

Mann, Susan, ed. The War Diary of Clare Gass, 1915-1918. Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press, 2000. ISBN 0-7735-2126-7.

McGee, Arlee Hoyt. Extraordinary Women of New Brunswick. NB Nursing History Series. Fredericton: Author, 2000.

Monahan, Evelyn M., and Rosemary Neidel-Greenlee. All This Hell: U.S. Nurses Imprisoned by the Japanese. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 2000. ISBN 0-8131-2148-5.

Mortimer, Jean. Tending to Care. 2nd ed. Blaisdon Publishing, 1999. ISBN 0-9530307-7-6. [IHNJ 5 (Spring 2000): 63]. [Graduate of Aberdeen Royal Infirmary and Glasgow's Royal Maternity Hospital].

Nielsen, Robert F. Total Encounters: The Life and Times of the Mental Health Centre Penetanguishene. Hamilton and Penetanguishene: McMaster University Press and Mental Health Centre Volunteer Association, 2000. ISBN 0-920603-60-2.

Neuman, Ferdi F. Mustard Plasters to Miracle Drugs: A History of the Edmonton General Hospital School of Nursing. Edmonton: EGH Nurses Alumnae Association, 2000. ISBN 0-9686333-0-7.

Norman, Elizabeth M. We Band of Angels: The Untold Story of American Nurses Trapped on Bataan by the Japanese. New York: Random House, 1999; New York: Pocket Books, 2000. ISBN 0-671-78718-7.

Nursing Reflections: A Century of Caring. St. Louis: Mosby, 2000. ISBN 0-323-01173-X.

Reflections. "75th Anniversary Commemorative Issue." 23 (Third/Fourth Quarter 1997).

Roland, Charles G., and Jacques Bernier, comps. Secondary Sources in the History of Medicine: A Bibliography/ Vol. 2; Bibliographie de l'histoire de la médecine, 2e Tome. Waterloo, Ontario: Wilfred Laurier University Press, 2000. ISBN 0-88920-344-X. [Courtesy of Dr. Roland].

Sandelowski, Margarete. Devices and Desires: Gender, Technology, and American Nursing. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2000.

Scholes, Maureen, Marianne Tallberg, and Elly Pluyter-Wenting. International Nursing Informatics: A History of the First Forty Years 1960-2000. Swindon, U.K.: British Computer Society, 2000. ISBN 0-9535427-2-6.

Snodgrass, Mary Ellen. Historical Encyclopedia of Nursing. Santa Barber, CA.:ABC-CLIO. ISBN 1-57697-086-7. History of Nursing News 10 (March 2000): 13-14.

Stride, Marie. ed. Celebrating Salisbury Nurse: A Series of Personal Reflections and Stories. Salisbury: Salisbury Nurses League, 1999. IHNJ 5 (Spring 2000): 62.

Taylor, Jeremy. The Rebirth of the Norfolk and Norwich Hospital 1874-1883: An Architectural Exploration. Wellcome Research Publications No. 1. Norwich: University of East Anglia, c2000. ISBN 0-9538349-0-5. E-MAIL: <wellcome@uea.ac.uk>.

Zakon, Miriam. A Sister in White: The Story of Schvester Selma. Israel: Targum Press, 1999. ISBN 1-56871-186-7. [Selma Meir graduated in 1913 from Salomon Heine Hospital, Hamburg, Germany, and worked for many decades at Shaare Zedek Hospital, Israel].

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CONFERENCES UP-AND-COMING:

2001


Apr 19-21 International Network for the History of Hospitals Conference, "Hospitals and Health: The Balance Sheet Over Two Millenia," in Verona, Italy. Newsletter (INHH), no. 4 (September 2000): 2.

Apr 16-17 Hannah International Conference on the History of Pyschiatric Illness, in Toronto and Hamilton, Ontario. Co-sponsored by the University of Toronto and McMaster University. CONTACT: David Wright, Hannah Chair, History of Medicine, McMaster University, Health Sciences Centre, Room 3N10, 1200 Main Street West, Hamilton,ON L8N 3Z5, Canada. TEL: 905-525-9140 x22752; E-MAIL: <dwright@fhs.mcmaster.ca>. Canadian Bulletin of Medical History 16, no. 2 (1999): 396.

Apr 19-22 American Association for the History of Medicine Meeting in Charleston, South Carolina. WEBSITE: <http://www.histmed.org>. CONTACTS: Curtis Worthington, MD, Waring Historical Library, Medical University of South Carolina, 171 Ashley Ave., Charleston, SC 29425. TEL: 803-792-2290; E-MAIL: <worthiwc@musc.edu>; Peter McCandless, PhD, Department of History, College of Charleston, Charleston, SC 29424. TEL: 803-953-8032; E-MAIL: <mccandlessp@cofc.edu>. The Chronicle 12 (Spring/Fall 2000): 7.

Apr 19-20 Cinderella Services: Exploring Issues in Nursing History at the Abbey Conference Centre, South Bank University, London. CONTACT: Antoinette Dixon, Conference Officer, South Bank University, 103 Borough Road, London SE1 0AA. TEL: 0207-815-6908; FAX: 0207-815-6999; E-MAIL: <dixona@sbu.ac.ul>. IHNJ 5 (Summer 2000): 72.

May 7-13 National Nursing Week (Canada). CNA Today 10 (November 2000): 3.

May 23-30 Congress of the Social Sciences and Humanities (formerly the Learneds) at Université Laval, Québec, CONTACT: 415-151 Slater Street, Ottawa, ON K1P 5H3; TEL: 613-238-6112 x312; FAX: 613-236-4853; E-MAIL: <CONGRESS@HSSFC.CA>; WEBSITE: <www.hssfc.ca/cong/CongressInfoEng.html> or <www.hssfc.ca/cong/CongressInfoFr.html>.

May 25-27 Canadian Historical Association. Congress of the Social Sciences and Humanities. Laval University, Quebec City.

May 25-27 Canadian Society for the History of Medicine. Congress of the Social Sciences and Humanities. Laval University, Quebec City.

May 25-27 Canadian Women's Studies Association. Congress of the Social Sciences and Humanities. Laval University, Quebec City.

May 25-27 Association for Canadian Studies. Congress of the Social Sciences and Humanities. Laval University, Quebec City.

June 8-10 14th Annual Conference of the Canadian Association for the History of Nursing/Association canadienne pour l'histoire du nursing (CAHN/ACHN), "Professionalizing the Profession: An Elusive Dream?", in Winnipeg, Manitoba. Co-sponsored with the Helen Glass Centre for Nursing, University of Manitoba. CONTACT: Marion McKay, Helen Glass Centre for Nursing, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB R3T 2N2. TEL: 204-474-6687. E-MAIL: <Marion_Mckay@umanitoba.ca>. [Courtesy of Veryl Tipliski]; Newsletter (CAHN/ACHN), 13 (Autumn 2000, 16).

Jun 16 Center for the Study of the History of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia. "Continuing the Celebration ... Nurses and Nursing: Past, Present and Future." A one-day invitational conference on the history of nursing. CONTACT: Janet Tomcavage, University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, 420 Guardian Drive, Philadelphia, PA 19104-6096. TEL: 215-898-4522; FAX: 215-573-9103; E-MAIL: <tomcavag@nursing.upenn.edu>.

Sep 12-15 Ontario Black History Society. Convention 2001 in Toronto. The conference will focus on the issues and concerns of people of African origin in Canada. It is being held in honour of the 150th anniversary of the First Convention of Colored Freemen. CONTACT: Ontario Black History Society. 202-10 Adelaide Street East, Toronto, ON M5C 1J3. TEL: 416-867-9420; FAX: 416-867-8691; E-MAIL: <obhs@interlog.com>.

Sep 21-23 American Association for the History of Nursing (AAHN) 18th annual conference. Co-sponsored with the University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA. WEBSITE: <http://www.aahn.org>; E-MAIL: <aahn@aahn.org>. Windows in Time 8 (October 2000): 8.

2002

June 15th Annual Conference of CAHN/ACHN.

June Canadian Nurses' Association Conference in St. John's, Newfoundland.

Sep International Society for the History of Medicine in Istanbul, Turkey. Canadian Bulletin of Medical History 16, no. 2 (1999): 393.

Fall 19th Annual Conference of AAHN. Co-sponsored with Brigham Young University, Salt Lake City, Utah.

2003

June 16th Annual Conference of CAHN/ACHN.

Fall 20th Annual Conference of AAHN. Co-sponsored with University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, School of Nursing.

2004

June 17th Annual Conference of CAHN/ACHN.

June Canadian Nurses' Association Conference in Regina, Saskatchewan.

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EXHIBITIONS/DISPLAYS:

Canadian Museum of Civilization, 100 Laurier, Hull, Quebec. An exhibit, "Symbol of a Profession: One-Hundred Years of Nurses Caps" opened February 2001. These nurses' caps were donated to the museum by Gloria Barwell Kay a nurse historian/collector, living in Conestoga, Ontario.

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Kwantlen University College Library, BC. Sheila Rankin Zerr and Glennis Zilm sponsored a "Pageant of History" and displayed Sheila's nursing figure dolls. History of Nursing News 11 (Winter 2000): 8).

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Philadelphia Museum of Art, Berman Gallery. 26 August-29 October 2000. "The Nightingale's Song" was a visual exhibit about nurses and nursing. This may have been the first time a major American museum has presented a display focused on nursing. The Chronicle 12 (Spring/Fall 2000): 1.

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Registered Nurses Association of British Columbia:

Three Florence Nightingale Displays in the foyer, library and boardroom of the RNABC. Jill Thompson, History of Nursing News 11 (July 2000): 9-10.

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A display in the RNABC boardroom prepared by Irene Goldstone of "Highlights of Collective Bargaining by Nurses, 1912-1980". History of Nursing News 10 (March 2000): 8. [Included Lillian Randall, Alice Wright, Evelyn Hood, and Nora Payton].

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In the foyer of the RNABC building, a Vancouver General Hospital uniform supplied by the VGH School of Nursing Archives Committee.

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University of British Columbia School of Nursing

Open House, October 1999 display featured Ethel Johns, the schools first director, and the general activities of the BC History of Nursing Group. History of Nursing News 10 (March 2000): 7.

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Vancouver General Hospital

The "Pageant of Nursing History" depicting Sheila Rankin Zerr's costumed nurse-dolls to be displayed in the main lobby of the hospital. History of Nursing News 11 (Winter 2000): 8.

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FICTION:

Finlayson, Jean. Tangled Web. Belleville, Ontario: Epic Press, 1999. ISBN 1-55306-029-6. A detective story which includes five nurses on a refresher course in Toronto. The author is a nurse.

Lawrence, Margaret. Hearts and Bones. New York: Avon Books, 1996. A mystery story. The protagonist is a midwife-nurse during the 1780s, post American revolution, living in Maine, USA.

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FILM/MFM/OPERA/RADIO/TV/VIDEO/POSTER:

Encarnacion, Lt. Col. Jesus. A video, "Nursing Stamps as Documents for the History of Nursing." c1998. CONTACT: Epsilon Lambda, Chapter of Sigma Theta Tau, c/o Professor Aida Sotomayor, Department of Nursing, University of Puerto Rico-RUM, Mayaguez, Puerto Rico 00681. Reflections 24 (Fourth Quarter 1998): 45.

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FUNDING:

Associated Medical Services, Inc. Corporate Report 1998-1999 2000): 22, 29, 37.

Boschma, Geertje. "Historical Analysis of Pyschiatric Mental Health Nursing in Alberta, 1905-1955."

McGee, Arlee Hoyt, and G. Liebenberg, eds. "A Guide to Health Care History Materials in New Brunswick."

Quiney, Linda J. "`Assistant Angels': Canadian Women as Voluntary Aid Detachment (VAD) Nurses during and after the Great War, 1914-1930."

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FUNDRAISING:

BC History of Nursing Group:

Pages of Nursing History is a means to raise funds for a permanent facility to house their historical materials. You can help by buying a page of nursing history. Your page will form an album of "Pages of Nursing History" - a permanent record for the future archival museum. You contribute $25 and write a 300 words or less biographical sketch of a nurse you want included in the album. For further information contact Lois Blais, Treasurer, History of Nursing-PPG, 4074 West 16th Avenue, Vancouver, BC V6R 3E1. History of Nursing News 10 (January 2000): pamphlet.

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Fundraising dinner for "A Home of Our Own" featured Ivan Sayers, an historian and past curator of the Vancouver Museum, talking on costume trends and nurses' attire. History of Nursing News 10 (March 2000): 17.

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Fourth notecard added to collection. Helen Shore, History of Nursing News 11 (Winter 2000): 1-2.

The BC group has added a fourth card to its stained glass window series. Canon Whinfield Robinson dedicated a window depicting Florence Nightingale with lamp, to the memory of his wife Dorie. Doris Comley Robinson was a 1929 graduate of Ladysmith General Hospital. Money made from these cards will go towards the Home of our Own project.

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Teachers College Columbia University Nursing Alumnae has items for sale celebrating "A Century of Influence." These include a poster, calendar, video and journal. CONTACT: Dr. Diane J. Mancino, Vice-President, Nursing Education Alumni Association, 23-07 19th Street, Astoria, NY 11105. USA; TEL: 212-581-2211 x217 or 718-545-6984; E-MAIL: <diane@nsna.org>.

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HISTORIOGRAPHY/METHODOLOGY:

Sommer, Barbara W. and Mary Kay Quinlan. A Guide to Oral History Interviews. Nashville: American Association for State and Local History, 2000. Technical Leaf #210. CONTACT: American Association for State and Local History, 1717 Church Street, Nashville, Tennessee 37203-2991. USA. TEL: 615-320-3203; FAX: 615-327-9013. Internet. Lauren Batte, H-ORALHIST, 19 December 2000.

[Blais, Lois]. "Dumpster Diver Helps with Nursing's History." History of Nursing News 11 (Fall 2000): 1-2. [The finding of Madeline Harrower's papers and photographs. Harrower was a Nursing Sister in the Boer War and WWI.She was born in Tasmania in 1869 and came to Vancouver to look after her ailing mother and to live with a sister.]

Brooks, Jane E. "Ghost of the Past: Capturing History and the History of Nursing." IHNJ 5 (Spring 2000): 36-41.

De Santis, Lydia, and Doris Noel Ugarriza. "The Concept of Theme as Used in Qualitative Nursing Research. Western Journal of Nursing Research 22 (April 2000): 351-372.

Fox, J. "First Readers: Five Introductions to Oral History." Oral History Review 25 (Summer/Fall): 119-128. Internet. Kathy Nasstrom, H-ORALHIST, 30 January 2001.

Gortner, Susan R. "Knowledge Development in Nursing: Our Historical Roots and Future Opportunities." Nursing Outlook 48 (March/April 2000): 60-67.

Hewitt, Hermi, and M. Patricia Donahue. "Passing on More Than a Blank Disc: A Task for Nursing Historians." Nursing History Review 9 (2001): 207-215.

Lewenson, Sandra B. "Historical Research Method." In Qualitative Research in Nursing: Advancing the Humanistic Imperative, ed. Helen J. Streubert and Dona R. Carpenter, ch. 10. Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1999. Newsletter (CAHN/ACHN), 13 (Autumn 2000): 15.

Lewenson, Sandra B. "Historical Research in Practice, Education and Administration." In Qualitative Research in Nursing: Advancing the Humanistic Imperative, ed. Helen J. Streubert and Dona R. Carpenter, ch. 11. Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1999. Newsletter (CAHN/ACHN), 13 (Autumn 2000): 15.

Reynolds, John F. "Do Historians Count Anymore? The Status of Quantitative Methods in History, 1975-1995." Historical Methods 31 (Fall 1998): 141-148.

Scott, Elizabeth J. C. "Significant Steps Forward for History of Nursing: History of Nursing Millennium Conference, 6-7 July 2000, Edinburgh." IHNJ 5 (Summer 2000): 65-68.

Thompson, Jill. "Anatomy of a Nursing Portrait Doll." History of Nursing News 11 (Winter 2000): 9.

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HONOURS/AWARDS:

American Association for the History of Nursing. Internet. <http://www.aahn.org/>, 27 September 2000.

Lavinia L. Dock Award 2000:

Mary T. Sarnecky for her book A History of the U.S. Army Nurses Corps.

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Teresa E. Christy Award 2000:

Cynthia Connolly for her PhD thesis "Prevention through Detention: [The] Pediatric Tuberculosis Preventorium Movement in the United States, 1909-1951."

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Society for Nursing History Award:

Tom Olson for his project "Voices of Diversity, Healing and Care: Oral Histories of Hawaii Nurses."

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Student Research Award:

Marjorie Porter for research on "A Case Study of the Life Cycle of the De Pauw University School of Nursing 1954-1994."

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Hannah Institute for the History of Medicine:

Hannah General Scholarship, 2000. Newsletter (AMS), 37 (Summer/Fall 2000): 6:

Flynn, Karen. For work on "Race, Class and Gender: Black Canadian Nurses, 1945-1980."

Lamontagne, Esther. For work on "Des savoir-faire infirmiers aux sciences infirmières: La constitution d'une discipline universitaire au Québec, 1920-1980."

Tipliski, Veryl. For work on "From Asylum Training Schools to a New Occupation: A History of Pyschiatric Nursing in Three Canadian Provinces, 1900-1950."

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Hannah Grants-in-Aid, 2000. Newsletter (AMS), 37 (Summer/Fall 2000): 6:

Drees, Laurie Meijer. For work on "Nursing and Aboriginal Peoples in Northern Saskatchewan, 1930-79."

Helmstadter, Carol. For work on "Nightingale and Nursing," a part of the University of Guelph project

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Nurses' Association of New Brunswick:

The NANB has named the Nurses' Stained Glass Window at their headquarters, "The Arlee Hoyt McGee Window." They have also commissioned a portrait of Dr. McGee to hang in the Nursing History Centre, which Arlee founded and maintains.

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Center for Nursing Historical Inquiry, University of Virginia:

Research Fellowship Award 2000. Windows in Time 8 (February 2000): 4:

Connolly, Cynthia. For proposed study on the role of the public health nurse in preventing tuberculosis in New York children, 1890-1950.

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Undergraduate History Award 2000. Windows in Time 8 (October 2000): 7:

Szafran, Kimberly, Amy O'Neill, Jennifer Maslar, and Andrea Magri. "`Don't Call Us Heroes': The Nurses of World War II and the Media's Image of Them."

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LOST AND FOUND: Remember the past, visit a cemetery.

Maude Campbell Davison (1885-1956). Davison, a Canadian, gained recognition as Major Maude Campbell, commanding officer of the American nurses imprisoned during World War II by the Japanese after the fall of Bataan. She trained in Guelph, Ontario as a dietitian, but later moved to California, where she graduated as a nurse. She spent the rest of her nursing career in the American military, ending as a prisoner of war in the Philippines. The three year internment was devastating. The nurses incarcerated with Major Maude, attribute their survival to her command. She is buried in her home town of Cannington, Ontario, in a family plot. Internet <http://www.aahn.org/gravesites>, 20 May 2000.

Lavinia Lloyd Dock (1858-1956). In the early years of the nursing associations, both she and Mary Agnes Snively, Superintendent of Nurses, Toronto General Hospital, were on the executive of the American Society of Superintendents of Training Schools for Nurses and the International Council of Nurses. Dock is buried in the Harrisburg Cemetery, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. Internet <http://www.aahn.org>.

Bertha Harmer (1880-1934). A Canadian, who trained at the Toronto General Hospital, graduating in 1913. From 1915 to 1927 she studied and worked in the United States. Harmer became internationally recognized for her text The Textbook of the Principles and Practices of Nursing. By 1928, Harmer had returned to Canada to become the Director of the School for Graduate Nurses at McGill University. She was able to complete the 3rd edition of her book before dying in Toronto. Harmer is buried the family plot in Mount Pleasant Cemetery, Toronto. Internet <http://www.aahn.org>.

Anna Caroline Maxwell (1851-1929). Maxwell is recognized for her contribution to American nursing, but she shares her past with Canada as well. She is known for her work as Superintendent of Nurses at the New York Presbyterian Hospital 1892-1921, and her contribution to the Spanish-American War, 1898. However, Maxwell, born in the United States lived with her family for awhile in King, Ontario, where her two younger sisters were born. Later, after finishing training at the Boston Training School for Nurses, Massachusetts General Hospital, she attempted to establish a school of nursing at the Montreal General Hospital in 1881. Jean Gunn, a Canadian nursing leader 1882-1941 trained under her aegis. Maxwell is buried in the Arlington National Cemetery. Internet <http://www.aahn.org>.

Euphemia (Effie) Jane Taylor (1874-1970). Taylor was born and raised in Hamilton, Ontario. She graduated from Johns Hopkins school of Nursing in 1904 and remained in the United States to pursue her nursing career, working at Johns Hopkins, the Connecticut Training School, teaching psychiatry at Yale and becoming its second Dean of nursing. She was also president of the International Council of Nursing. Taylor retired to Hamilton and is buried in the family plot in the Hamilton Cemetery. Internet <http://www.aahn.org/gravesites>.

MEMORIALS/TRIBUTES:

Benson, Evelyn. "In Memoriam - Hilde Steppe [1947-1999]." Bulletin (AAHN), no. 65 (Winter 2000): 10-11.

Brueggemann, David W. "Remembering Lucile Petry Leone." Bulletin (AAHN), no. 65 (Winter 2000): 9-10.

Dudas, Susan. "Remembering Mary Kelly Mullane." Bulletin (AAHN), no. 65 (Winter 2000): 11. [Former Dean, Nursing, University of Illinois and Associate Dean, Wayne State University].

[Paulson, Esther]. "In Memory of Alice Wright." History of Nursing News 11 (July 2000): 15-16.

Robinson, Thelma M. "Lucile Petry Leone 1902-1999: We Remember." Bulletin (AAHN), no. 65 (Winter 2000): 9.

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NETWORKING:

Lily Fountain is including an historical perspective in a course on the professional midwife. She would like to hear from anyone with historical information about midwifery in Maryland. E-MAIL: <Fountain@son.umaryland.edu>. Internet. Dean Krimmel, NURHIS-L, 17 July 2000.

Liz Harford is interested in finding published materials on the history of nursing in casualty or emergency departments, 1850-1940. ADDRESS: Nurse Manager, Cardiac Services, Westmead Hospital, Westmead, NSW 2145. Australia; E-MAIL <liz.harford@wsahs.nsw.gov.au>. Internet: NURHIS-L, 18 October 2000.

Johanna Mercer, a screenwriter, is researching for a feature film. She is seeking nurses who trained in veteran hospital pyschiatric units, post WWII or worked in Canadian pyschiatric wards in the early 1960s. ADDRESS: 1724 William Street, Vancouver, BC V5L 2R4. TEL/FAX: 604-251-5644; E-MAIL: <johannamercer@iprimus.ca>. Canadian Nurse, 96 (April 2000): 6.

The Winnipeg General Hospital Alumnae has copies available of The Winnipeg Hospital and Health Sciences Centre School of Nursing 1887-1987 by Ethel Johns and Beatrice Fines. CONTACT: Margaret Steele, 3 Oakdale Drive, Winnipeg, MB R3R 0Z3.

Michael Zwerdling is seeking information about a coat of arms which appears in the background of an artist's depiction of Florence Nightingale. The primary device is a shield separated into four quadrants by a variation of the Cross of Lorraine. In the upper left is Asclepius's staff; in the upper right is the Maltese cross; in the lower right is an oil lamp; and in the lower left is a St. George Cross. A banner underneath which is partly obscured says NISI . . . DOMINUS FRU.... Perched on the shield and facing left is an eagle. E-MAIL: <zwrdl@EROLS.COM>. Internet. NURHIST-L, 8 June 2000.

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NEWS ITEMS:

Bates, Tina. "Canadian Nursing History Collection Project." OWHN Newsletter 5 (March 2000): 5.

Fletcher, Marla. "History to Reach Wider Audience: Nursing Archives Relocated: ." Canadian Nurse 96 (September 2000): [12].

McCracken, Erin. "Nurses Remember Their Past as They Look to Their Future." Daily Gleaner (New Brunswick), 12 June 2000, B1-B2. [Dr. Courtesy Arlee Hoyt McGee].

MacQueen, Joyce. "Sudbury Nurses Tell Their Stories." OWHN Newsletter 5 (March 2000): 5-6.

"Nursing History Ready to Grow." CNA Today 10 (November 2000): 1. [An agreement has been reached with the Canadian Museum of Civilization, the Canadian War Museum and the National Archives of Canada by the Canadian Nurses' Association to disburse its historical collection of over 2,000 items. The various components of the collection are to be linked electronically. It will take several years to digitize and link the material.]

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NURSES MEMORIAL BOOK:

Registered Nurses Association of British Columbia. History of Nursing News 11 (Fall 2000): 11-12: Five additions:

Jessie MacKenzie (1867-1960):

Born in Toronto. Trained in California. Lady Superintendent and Principal of School of Nursing, Royal Jubilee Hospital, Victoria, BC. Third President Graduate Nurses' Association of BC.

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Laura Holland (1883-1956):

Graduated from training in Montreal. Was a N/S in WWI. Served in public health. Named Commander of the British Empire. Reorganized Vancouver Children's Aid Society. Advisor, BC Ministry of Health and Welfare.
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Margaret Duffield (1884-1969):

Emigrated to Canada from Ireland in 1913. Served in WWI. Was VON Superintendent, Vancouver Branch. Lobbied for admission of Chinese and Japanese students to BC schools of nursing.

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Kathleen Ellis (1887-1968):

Born in Penticton, BC. Superintendent of Vancouver General Hospital School of Nursing. Sixth President of RNABC. Vice-President, CNA. Director of Nursing, Winnipeg General Hospital. Registrar, Saskatchewan Registered Nurses' Association. Founding Director, School of Nursing, University of Saskatchewan.

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Eleanor Graham (1914-1978):

Born in New Westminster. Served in public health and the VON. Director of Nursing, Royal Columbian Hospital. With World Health Organization in South-East Asia. Executive Director, RNABC.

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Pauline Siddons (1919-1999):

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PAPERS PRESENTED OR TO BE PRESENTED/POSTER DISPLAYS:

American Association for the History of Nursing, 17th Annual Conference, Villanova University, Pennsylvania, 21-24 September 2000:

Biedermann, Narelle. "The Nature of Nursing Work in the Vietnam War, 1967-1972: Royal Australian Army Nurse Corps at War."

Bradley, Sue. "Innovations and Impediments: Factors Influencing Children's Nursing Practice in the UK 1940-1970."

Brunk, Quincealea. "The Foundations of `Modern' Nursing in Russia."

Brush, Barbara L. "Caring for Life: Nursing during the Holocaust."

Buck, Joy. "Bridge over Troubled Waters: Care of the Dying and the Birth of American Hospice Nursing, 1950-1980."

Buhler-Wilkerson, Karen, Patricia D'Antonio, and Julie Fairman. "`Historical Methodology': Conceptual and Methodological Innovations in Nursing History."

Callister, Lynn Clark, and Elaine Sorensen Marshall. "With Woman: A Comparison of Midwifery Philosophy and Practice between the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries."

Capezuti, Elizabeth, Barbara Brush, and Beth Strauss. "`Rendering the Obstinate Docile': Raising Siderails in American Hospitals."

Cordeau, Mary Ann. "From the Closet to Cyberspace: The Story of a Passion and a Vision."

D'Antonio, Patricia. "Founding Friends: Families and Institution Building in Early 19th Century Philadelphia."

Dieckmann, Janna. "A Lukewarm Approach to the Problem: Professionalism, Collaboration and Control in the Coordinated Home Care Plans, 1946."

Eastman. Martha A. "`Miss Greenhorn Goes A-Nursing': Images of Red Cross Nurses on American Sheet Music during World War I."

Egenes, Karen J. "Heroic, Romantic and Genteel: `The Red Cross Girls' on the Battlefields of World War 11."

Elliott, Susan. "Missionary Nurse Dorothy Davis Cook: Mother of Swazi Nurses."

Glass, Laurie. "Biography as a Method of Historical Interpretation."

Haugh, Kathryn. "`Nursing by Default': The Evolution of Floor Nursing, 1900-1965."

Hawkins, Joellen, and Linda L. Bellig. "Women and Infants First: The Creation of Nursing Specialists to Care for Women and Newborns."

Jablonski, Rita Seeger. "From Maverick to Mainstream: The Emergence of Nurse Practitioner Education at Virginia Commonwealth University 1974-1991."

Keeling, Arlene W. "Blurring the Boundaries between Medicine and Nursing: CCU Nurses and Cardiac Defibrillation in the 1960s."

Kennel, Susan. "From Despair to Hope: The History of the Care of Children with Leukemia, 1940-1980."

Krauskopf, Patricia. "The Reward is in the Experience: Public Health Nursing in Hardy County, West Virginia."

Krimmel, Dean. "From Heroic Figure to Historical Footnote: Rediscovering the Life and Meaning of Louisa Parsons."

Lagerman, Lois, and Susan Buchholtz. "Dora Elizabeth Thompson (1874-1954): Nursing Innovator and Visionary."

Lusk, Brigid, Julia Robertson, and Pamela Schinleber. "U.S. Organized Medicine's Perspective of Nursing: A Review of JAMA, 1883-1935."

Materese, Michele M. "`Thanking You for Your Cooperation': Lillian D. Wald and Reform Networks, 1893-1909."

McGann, Susan. "The Wind of Change is Blowing."

Montgomery-Preston, Janice. "`Every Nurse a Missionary': Spirituality in Seventh-Day Adventist Nursing."

Norman, Elizabeth M. "One of Seventy-seven." Keynote Address.

Reid, Kathryn Ballenger. "Forging a New Speciality: The Creation of Cardiac Surgery Nursing, 1957-1970."

Rosenfeld, Peri. "A Mother for All Mothers: An American Woman's Contributions to Maternal-Child Health in Palestine."

Ryder, Reiko Shimazaki, Kazuko Kikui, Tetsuya Tanioka, Mieko Yamaguchi, and Toshiko Yamada. "Nursing Reorganization in Occupied Japan: Implementation of Nursing Policy, 1945-1951."

Shkimba, Margaret. "In Your Guiding Hand: Consumer, Authority and Nursing in Post-War Britain, Canada and the United States."

Woolley, Alma. "Nuns and Guns: Holy Wars at Georgetown, 1903-1947." [Georgetown University Nursing School].

Wright, David. "Nursing Suicidal Lunatics in the Era of Non-Restraints: A Case Study of the Buckinghamshire Asylum, England, c.1853-1872."

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British Columbia Lung Association, in 18 March 2000. History of Nursing News 11 (July 2000): 10:

Blais, Lois. "Nursing Ethics: A Perspective, Past, Present and Future."

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Canadian Association for the History of Nursing/Association canadienne pour l'histoire du nursing, in Fredericton NB, 8-10 June 2000:

Dunphy, Lynne M., and Marcy Schwartz. "The Steel Cocoon: Tales of the Patient of the Iron Lung - The Convergence of Caring and Technology in Nursing in the 1940s and Early 1950s."

Helmstadter, Carol. "The Ward System: One of the Early Nursing Reforms in England."

Jeans, Mary Ellen, Christina Bates, Marion Beyea, and Penny Ericson. "Meeting the Challenges of Archival Preservation."

Lemire, Beverly. "Accounting for Caring: Gender and the Measurement of Human Interaction, c1600-1900." Hannah Lecture.

Müller, Evelyn. "Evelyn Moritz: Student Nurse Remembering." [Paediatric nurse training, West Berlin 1946-1948 and, general training at the Royal Free Hospital, London, England 1950-1953].

Shiner, Nancy M. "Permission to Wear Trousers: The Early Days of Flight Nursing in the RCAF."

Winans, Patricia. "Shalom: Releasing Pioneer Canadian Nurse Georgina Powell."

Young, Judith. "The Ethel Johns Report 1925: Afro-American Nurses in the United States."

Zerr, Sheila J. Rankin, and Glennis Zilm. "Early Nursing in British Columbia: Victoria 1845-1860."

Zilm. Glennis. "Uniforms without Uniformity."

Zilm, Glennis., and Sheila J. Rankin Zerr. "What the Well-Dressed Canadian Nurse Wore."

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Canadian Association for the History of Nursing/Association canadienne pour l'histoire du nursing, in Winnipeg, MB, 8-10 June 2001:

Stuart, Meryn. "Professionalizing the Profession: Elusive Dream or Anachronism." Hannah lecture.


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Canadian Association of University Schools of Nursing held a National Nurse Educators' Conference in Vancouver, 24-27 February 2000. History of Nursing News 10 (March 2000): 6-7:

Abbott, Karen, and Sharon Simpson. "Preparing New Graduates to be Leaders."

Warbinek, Ethel, and Glennis Zilm. "A Lesson from the Past."

Zerr, Sheila Rankin. "Educating for Practice, 1905-2000."

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Canadian Society for the History of Medicine, Annual Meeting, Edmonton, 26-28 May 2000:

Elliott, Jayne. "Giving Birth in the Gatineau: An Early 20th Century Obstetrical Practice in Rural Quebec."

Helmstadter, Carol. "Early Nursing Reform in 19th Century London: A Doctor-Driven Phenomenon."

Quiney, Linda. "Harlots, Heroines, and Heavenly Bodies: Popular Mythology and the Idealization of Nurses and VADS in the Great War."

Stuart, Meryn, and Lynn Kirkwood. "Knowledge Development for Nursing: Moyra Allen and the McGill Model of Nursing, 1954-79."

Richardson, Sharon. "Alberta's Provincial Travelling Clinic, 1924-42."

Smith, Susan L., and Dawn Nickel. "Nursing the Dying in Post-World War II in Canada and the U.S.A."

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Center for Nursing Historical Inquiry (CNHI) (University of Virginia) to be presented 22 March 2001 at the eighth Agnes Dillon Randolph award ceremony. Windows in Time, 8 (October 2000): 8:

Norman, Elizabeth M. "The Stranded American Nurses on Mindanao Island, Philippines, 1942."

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Center for Nursing Historical Inquiry (CNHI) (University of Virginia) History Forums during 2000-2001. Windows in Time 8 (February 2000): 3; and Windows in Time 8 (October 2000): 3:

Dorr, Gregory, "From Human Thoroughbreds to Human Tragedy: Eugenics at the University of Virginia, 1900-1950."

Fairman, Julie. "`Getting Along': Development of Nurse Practitioner Organizations, 1965-1980."

Gibson, Mary. "`Who Cared?': Landmarks in Crippled Children's Care in Virginia, 1910-1940."

Haugh, Kathy. "`The Silent Majority': The History of Hospital Staff Nurses, 1920-1980."

Keen-Payne, Rhonda. "The 1918 Influenza Epidemic: Nursing in the Rural South."

Kennel, Susan. "From Despair to Hope: The History of the Care of Leukemic Children, 1940-1980."

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Center for the Study of the History of Nursing, invitational conference, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, 16 June 2001. Flyer:

Buhler-Wilkerson, Karen. "From Home Care to Hospital to Home Again."

Connolly, Cynthia. "Infectious Disease and the Meaning of `Dangerously Sick'."

D'Antonio, Patricia. "From the Battle Fields of the War to the Mine Fields of Hospitals: Nursing History to the Turn of the Twentieth Century."

Fairman, Julie. "`Nursing Doctors?' Advanced Practice Nursing."

Scott, Mary Ann Krisman. "Hospice Care: Return to the Room at the End of the Hall."

Whelan, Jean. "The Nursing Shortage and the Persistence of Workforce Issues."

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Faculty of Nursing, University of Calgary.

First Annual History Lecture of the Nursing Philosophy and History Group, November 1999. Newsletter (CAHN/ACHN), 13 (Spring 2000): 2:

Mansell, Diana. "The History of Nursing Education: Nursing's Struggle to Professionalize."

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Second Annual History Lecture of the Nursing Philosophy and History Group, October 2000. Newsletter (CAHN/ACHN), 13 (Autumn 2000): 6:

McPherson, Kathryn. "In Whose Service? Do Nurses Serve the State or the Patient? Writing Nursing into the History of Colonization in Canada."

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Florence Nightingale Museum Lecture Series, October-December 2000. Internet. <http://www.qmuc.ac.uk/hn/history>, 9 September 2000:

Anionwu, Elizabeth. "Mary Seacole."

Cooper, John. "Portraiture in the Time of Florence Nightingale."

Mortimer, Barbara. "The Images of Nurses: Visions or Stereotypes?"

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History of Nursing Professional Practice Group (RNABC).

Special Presentation at the Vancouver General Hospital, 12 February 2000. History of Nursing News 10 (January 2000). Flyer.

Warbinek, Ethel. "Celebrating the Memories: Vancouver General Hospital School of Nursing 1899-1998."

Zerr, Sheila Rankin. "Dressing Up History: Nursing Attire in B.C. in the 1850s: Origins and Social Significance."

Zilm, Glennis. "The Search for Margaret Etta's Photograph - or, the Importance of Primary Sources in Historical Research".

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Co-sponsored meeting with Vancouver General Hospital School of Nursing Alumnae Association, 18 November 2000. History of Nursing News 11 (Winter 2000): 9.

Warbinek, Ethel. "A Lesson from the Past."

Zerr, Sheila Rankin. "Education for Nursing Practice 1905-2000."

Zilm, Glennis. "Uniforms without Uniformity 1874-1895."

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Margaret M. Allemang Centre for the History of Nursing.

Annual General Meeting on 18 March 2000 in Toronto, Ontario:

Godden, Judith. "Lucy Osborn and Nightingale Nursing in Australia."

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General Meeting on 24 June 2000 in Toronto, Ontario:

Wannop, Eva. "World War Two Nursing Experiences." [Plastic Surgery Unit, Basingstoke, England].

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General Meeting on 11 October 2000 in Toronto, Ontario:

Zelmanovits, Judith. "The Challenges of Nursing North of `60'".

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National Institute of Nursing Research. Nightingale Gala 2000 for Friends of the Institute, in Washington, DC. on 19 September 2000. Bulletin (AAHN), 68 (Fall 2000): 7:

Whelan, Jean. "Nursing by the Hour: The Private Practice of Hourly Nursing, 1921-1957."

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Nursing Archives Associates (Boston University) at its annual meeting 24 April 2000. Flyer:

Monteiro, Lois, Patricia Mantell, and Anna Yoder. "Nursing: Past, Present, and Future - Has the Evolution of the Nursing Profession in the Twentieth Century Prepared Us for Current and Future Challenges and Priorities?"

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Registered Nurses Association of British Columbia:

Prince George Chapter, 10 May 2000. History of Nursing News 10 (March 2000): 18:

Leipert, Beverly. "A History of Early Public Health Nursing in British Columbia and Alberta."

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North Shore Sea-to-Sky Chapter, June 2000. History of Nursing News 11 (July 2000): 13:

Flynn, Brenda. "Monuments to Nurses."

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Registered Nurses Association of Ontario:

Recruitment and Retention Conference, co-sponsored by the Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care, 8 May 2000, Toronto. Registered Nurse 12 (March/April 2000): insert:

LaHay, Linda, Sue Williams, and Carol Helmstadter. "It's the New Millennium: What Would Miss Nightingale Say?"

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National Nursing Week. 9 May 2001, Toronto. Contact: Region 6 (RNAO), 2 (September 2000): 6:

Wells, Donna. "Florence Nightingale: A Celebration of Nurses' Bedside Practices."

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Royal College of Nursing:

Edinburgh Seminars, October 2000-May 2001. Internet.<http://www.qmuc.ac.uk/hn/history>, 9 September 2000:

O'Donnell, Alison. "Nurses in the Third Reich: Possibilities and Impossibilities."

Ring, Nicola. "Careers and British Graduate Nurses, 1970-1990."

Thomson, Elaine. "`Beware of Imitations': Advertising in Nursing Periodicals, 1939-1970."

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History of Nursing Society (Northern Ireland Branch), Annual General Meeting, Belfast, 16 September 2000. History Info (February 2000): 2:

Boyce, Betty. "Here and There with the QA/R." [Three years of wartime service at home and abroad].

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Millennium Conference, Edinburgh, Scotland, 6-7 July 2000. [Courtesy of Barbara Mortimer]):

Aird, Thomas. "An Internal Analysis of the Factors Which Influenced the Development of a Post Registration Nursing Programme within a Specialist Hospital." [National Hospital, Queen Square, London].

Allotey, Janette C. "Midwifery Discourses on the Role of the Obstetric Pelvis during Birth, from Antiquity until the Beginning of the 18th Century."

Andersson, Åsa. "Health Care as a Gendered Vocation: The Swedish Nursing Association and the Concept of Calling."

Balodis, Midge. "Changes in General Nursing at Cairns Base Hospital from 1878-1997: Anonymity to Professionalism."

Beaton, Janet. "The Struggle for Baccalaureate Nursing Education at West China Union University, 1940-1950."

Bowers, Colleen. "Speaking Out: Nurses Voice Their Opinions on the Nursing Profession during the 1960s in Pakistan."

Bradley, Sue. "Innovations and Impediments: Factors Influencing Children's Nursing Practice in the UK, 1940-1970."

Brooks, Jane. "Moral Training or Professional Education: Accessing Nursing's `Elite Force', 1860-1939."

Brush, Barbara L. "Caring for Life: Nursing during the Holocaust."

Brykczynska, Gosia. "A Forgotten Legacy." [Contributions of American and British nursing leaders to the development of the nursing profession in Bulgaria and Poland].

Buchholtz, Susan Elizabeth. "A Retrospective Study of the Notion of Caring in the Teachers College Curriculum from 1899-1990."

Bullough, Vern L. "The Use of Biographies as a Source for the History of Nursing."

Campbell, Griffon. "A Crisis in Nursing: The Cadet Nurse Corps."

Chatterton, Claire. "The Changing Nature of the Curriculum in Mental Health Nursing."

Cronin, Jenny. "Nursing Convalescent Home Patients in Scotland, 1860-1939."

Curtis, Penny. "Class, Philanthropy and the Development of Modern Midwifery."

Digby, Anne, and Helen Sweet. "The Nurse's Role as Culture Broker within Pluralistic Healthcare Provision in South Africa circa 1900-1960."

Doona, Mary Ellen. "The Crimean Nursing Experiment."

Egens, Karen. "`Til Amerika': The Work of Norwegian Lutheran Deaconess Nurses in the Immigrant Communities of Chicago, 1891-1930."

Elliott, Susan. "Missionary Nurse Dorothy Davis Cook, 1940-1972: Mother of Swazi Nurses."

Flynn, Karen. "`In England We did Nursing': Caribbean Nurses in Canada and England, 1950-1965."

Furness, Margaretta. "The Monica Baly Bursary Oral History Research Study." [The last 50 years of paediatric-orthopaedic nursing at Prince of Wales Orthopaedic Hospital, Rhyd Lafar, near Cardiff.]

Gibbon, Carolyn. "Supplementary Health Care Provision, 1888-1927: A Service for the Poor." [Liverpool, England].

Hackmann, Mathilde. "Health Care and Nursing Co-Ordination during the Nazi Era in the Region of Osnabruck: Selected Findings."

Hallam, Julia. "Ethical Lives: Nursing Auto/Biographies and a History of Caring."

Hallett, Christine. "Puerperal Fever in the Eighteenth and Early Nineteenth Centuries: Medical Perspectives on Midwifery Practice."

Hart, Valerie. "Leadership Behaviours and Organisational Structure." [Liberal arts and nursing co-operative program, University of Maine, 1939-1956].

Helmstadter, Carol. "Florence Nightingale Revisited: The Collected Works Project."

Hobby, Elaine. "Jane Sharp and the 17th-Century Midwifery Manual."

Homei, Aya. "Sanba and Their Clients: Midwives and the Medicalization of Childbirth in Japan."

Hvalvik, Sigrun. "Bergljot Larsson and the Founding of the Norwegian Nursing Association: A Case Study of the Influence of International Nursing."

Hyde-Price, Caroline. "A Review of Agendas for International Council of Nurses Meetings from 1909 to 1999: Have Nurses' International Concerns Changed?"

Johnson, Malia S. "Cross-Cultural Mentoring: American Birth Control Activist Margaret Sanger's Influence on Shidzue Kato of Japan."

Käppeli, Silvia. "From the Compassionate God to the Caring Nurse." [Jewish-Christian philosophy of nursing].

Krisman-Scott, Mary Ann. "The Room at the End of the Hall: Care of the Dying, 1945-1975."

Law, Carol. "Louisa Twining: Philanthropy, Poverty and the Poor Law Nurse."

Lorentzon, Maria. "Grooming Nurses for the New Century: Analysis of Nurses' Registers in London Voluntary Hospitals Before the First World War."

Lusk, Brigid. "U.S. Organized Medicine's Perspective of Nursing: A Review of JAMA, 1883-1935."

Lynaugh, Joan E. "Higher Education in Nursing: An Historical View from the United States."

Mackinnon, Marion. "Out of the Past, into the Future: A Nurse in Independent Practice in Saskatchewan, Canada, 1929-1959."

MacMillan, Kathleen M. "Uncovering Nightingale's Contribution to Evidence-Based Public Policy."

Materese, Michele M. "`Thanking You for Your Co-Operation': Lillian D. Wald and Reform Networks, 1893-1909."

Maude, Phillip. "Hidden behind the Nurse's Veil: The Covert Image of Mental Health Nursing."

McDonald, Lynn. "Florence Nightingale as Seen through Primary Sources: The Uses of a Collected Works."

Miller, Elissa Lane. "Protecting the Community's Health: Arkansas Public Health Nurses at Work, 1930-1945."

Mott, Maria Lucia. "Re-Examining the History of Nursing in Brazil."

Mumm, Susan. "`An Educated Witness against All Wrong and Abuses': The Rise and Fall of Religious Nursing in Victorian Britain."

Nelson, Sioban. "Nursing History Versus the History of Nursing - Professional Historians or Historians of the Profession?"

Newby, Malcolm. "`The Woman behind Mrs. Beford-Fenwick - Herself': A Non-Biographical Approach."

O'Donnell, Alison J. "The Role of Nurses in the Euthanasia Programmes in Germany, 1933-1945."

Price, Christine B. "The Response of the Medical Profession to Nurse Registration."

Redman, Judy. "Nurses and Nursing in a Provincial City during the Early Years of the NHS." [National Health Service in Sheffield, England, 1948-1974].

Rowley, Maralyn, and Pamela J. Wood. "`A Haven of Peace, Quiet and Confidence?': Mothers, Midwives and Childbirth at the Wellington St. Helens Hospital, New Zealand, 1907-1980."

Shkimba, Margaret. "`A Little Spark from the Flame': British Nurses in Canada, 1950-1965."

Snoxall, Susan. "Gynaecological Nurses' Contribution to the Care of Women between 1930-1960." [Chelsea Hospital for Women, England

Thomson, Elaine. "Cigarettes and Sutures: Advertising in British Nursing Periodicals, c1900-2000."

Topen, Alma. "`Educated Gentlewomen are More Conscientious . . .'" [Royal Hospital for Sick Children, Glasgow, 1882-1919].

Tschirch, Poldi. "Caring as a Moral Tradition in Nursing."

Wade, Lesley. "`Not in the North': British Regional Nursing Relationships during the First Quarter of the Twentieth Century." [Manchester, England].

Weir, Rosemary Isobel. "From Hospital to Academia." [Nursing education in Scotland 1945-1995].

Wells, Donna L. "The Theoretical Basis of Bedside Practices in Nursing: From Nightingale to the Present."

Wickham, Anne. "`A Better Scheme for Nursing': The Influence of the Dublin Hospital Sunday Fund on Nursing and Nurse Training in Ireland in the Nineteenth Century."

Wildman, Stuart. "The Development of Nurse Training in Birmingham, 1869-1948."

Wood, Pamela J. "Constructing Public Dirt: Nurses' Role in Constructing the Notion of `Dirt' in the New Zealand Public Health Sphere, 1910-1930."

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Sigma Theta Tau:

International 35th Biennial Convention, 8 November 1999. The Chronicle 12 (Spring/Fall 2000): 4:

Burke, Kathy. "Diffusion of Health Care Technology: A Social Historical Case Study."

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(Philadelphia Area), Eighth Annual Research Conference on 28 April 2000. The Chronicle 12 (Spring/Fall 2000): 4:

Whelan, Jean. "Nursing by the Hour: The Chicago Hourly Nursing Service, 1926-1957."

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University of Illinois, Virginia M. Ohlson International Studies Endowment, Annual Lecture. 20 April 2000. Bulletin (AAHN) 66 (Spring 2000): 4:

Lusk, Brigid. "Nursing at Cook County Hospital from 1880 to 1945: From Political Appointees to the Cadet Nurse Corps."

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University of Virginia Medical Center. Windows in Time 8 (February 2000): 9:

Parascandola, John, and Barbara Brodie. "Doctors at the Gate: The Public Health Service on Ellis Island."

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Virginia Nurses' Association. University of Virginia School of Nursing posters displayed at meeting in Norfolk, VA, on 22 October 1999. Windows in Time 8 (February 2000): 8:

Celi, Christine, Golda Navarro, and Guada Respicio. "Nursing Care of Acute Poliomyelitis Patients, 1940-1960."

Chewning, Dawn, Hume Hoskins, and Tina Lowry-Tucker. "Mary Chestnut: A Woman at Odds with Tradition."

Cothren, Jerilyn, Shari Stanley, and Ellen Wermter. "Nursing of Children with Tuberculosis during the 1900s."

Deely, Megan, Virginia Lebaron, Denise Rooney, and Pamela Wilson. "Lillian Wald: `Lady Light' of Henry Street."

Froelich, Ruth, Stacy Musser, Sharon Servidio, and Susan Williams. "Mary Breckinridge: Frontier Nursing."

Hodges, Jean, Amy Murdock, and Laura Rigney. "Clara Barton."

Lee, Ann, Lukia Dewitt, and Tanita Woodson. "Infant Feeding: A Collective History."

McCarthy, Heather, Amy McDonnell, and Audrey Runyan. "The Vietnam Nursing Experience."

Roberts, Tracy, and Katherine Wheeler. "Margaret Sanger: Rebel with a Cause."

RECOMMENDED READINGS:

A selective oral history bibliography by Howard Green of New Jersey Historical Commission. Internet. H-ORALHIST, 21 February 2000:

Dunaway, David, and Willa Baum, eds. Oral History: An Interdisciplinary Anthology. 2nd ed. 1996.

Frisch, Michael. A Shared Authority: Essays on the Craft and Meaning of Oral and Public History. 1990.

Grele, Ron. Envelopes of Sound: The Art of Oral History. 2nd ed. 1985.

Ives, Edward D. The Tape-Recorded Interview: A Manual for Fieldworkers in Folklore and Oral History. 2nd ed. 1995.

Patai, Daphne, and Sherna Gluck, eds. Women's Words: The Feminist Practice of Oral History. 1991.

Perks, Robert, and Alistair Thomson. The Oral History Reader. 1998.

Portelli, Alessandro. The Death of Luigi Trastulli and Other Stories: Form and Meaning in Oral History. 1991.

Ritchie, Donald. Doing Oral History. 1995.

Thompson, Paul. The Voices of the Past: Oral History. 2nd ed. 1988.

Vansina, Jan. Oral Tradition as History. 1985.

Yow, Valerie R. Recording Oral History: A Practical Guide for Social Scientists. 1994.

White, Richard. Remembering Ahanagran: A History of Stories. 1999.

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REVIEWS:

Baer, Ellen D. Review of We Band of Angels: The Untold Story of American Nurses Trapped on Bataan by the Japanese, by Elizabeth M. Norman. Nursing and Health Care Perspectives 20 (July/August 1999): 210-211.

Baer, Ellen D. Review of Nurses of all Nations: A History of the International Council of Nurses, 1899-1999, by Barbara L. Brush, Joan E. Lynaugh, Geertje Boschma, Anne Marie Rafferty, Meryn Stuart, and Nancy J. Tomes. Nursing History Review 9 (2001): 217-218.

Boschma, Geertje. Review of Asylum, Prison, and Poorhouse: The Writings and Reform Work of Dorothea Dix in Illinois, by David L. Lightner. Nursing History Review 9 (2001): 219-220.

Bradshaw, Ann. Review of Florence Nightingale: Mystic, Visionary, Healer, by Barbara Montgomery Dossey. IHNJ 5 (Summer 2000): 64.

Brush, Barbara L. Review of Women and Health in America, 2nd ed., by Judith Walzer Leavitt, ed. Nursing History Review 9 (2001): 223-225.

Crowder-Bjoring, Eleanor. Review of We Band of Angels: The Untold Story of American Nurses Trapped on Bataan by the Japanese, by Elizabeth M. Norman. Nursing History Review 9 (2001): 221-222.

Georges, Catherine Alicia. Review of Early Black American Leaders in Nursing: Architects for Integration and Equality, by Althea T. Davis. Nursing and Health Care Perspectives 20 (November/December 1999): 321.

Glass, Laurie K. Review of Albanian Escape: The True Story of U.S. Army Nurses Behind Enemy Lines, by Agnes Jensen Mangerich as told to Evelyn M. Monahan and Rosemary L. Neidel. Nursing History Review 9 (2001): 225-226.

Hill, Patricia Evridge. Review of African American Midwifery in the South: Dialogues of Birth, Race , and Memory, by Gertrude Jacinta Fraser. Internet. Gene B. Preuss. H-ORALH-L. 23 December 1999. [An account of the elimination of African-American midwives, Piedmont County, Virginia, 1920-1960].

Heaman, E. A. Review of A Circle of Care, by Christopher J. Rutty. Canadian Bulletin of Medical History 16, no. 1 (1999): 163-68. [St. Mary's General Hospital, Kitchener, Ontario].

McGann, Susan. Review of In Celebration of a Century: A History of the League of Saint Bartholomew's Nurses, by Rosemary Bailey. IHNJ 5 (Spring 2000): 64.

Monterio, Lois. Review of The Friendship of Florence Nightingale and Mary Clare Moore, by Mary C. Sullivan, ed. Nursing History Review 9 (2001): 228-230.

Moore, Constance J. Review of A History of the Army Nurse Corps, by Mary T. Sarnecky. Nursing History Review 9 (2001): 230-232.

Norman, Elizabeth M. Review of The Queen's Poor: Life as They Find It in Town and Country, by M. Leone. Nursing History Review 9 (2001): 234-235.

Olson, Tom. Review of A History of Nursing in the Field of Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities, by Wendy M. Nehring. Nursing History Review 9 (2001): 232-234.

Poplin, Irene Schuessler. Review of Florence Nightingale, by Hugh Small. Nursing History Review 9 (2001): 235-237.

Review of Cassandra and Other Selections from Suggestions for Thought, by Florence Nightingale. ed. Mary Poovey. History of Nursing News 10 (January 2000): 7.

Riegler, Natalie. Review of International Nursing Informatics: A History of the First Forty Years 1960-2000, by Maureen Scholes, Marianne Tallberg and Elly Pluyter-Wenting. Bulletin (AAHN), 68 (Fall 2000): 8.

Thompson, Jill. Review of Mainstays: Women Who Shaped BC, by Cathy Converse. History of Nursing News 10 (January 2000): 6-7. [Chapter on public health women includes Frances Dalrymple Redmond 1854-1932, Vancouver's first public health nurse].

Thompson, Jill. Review of Totem Poles and Tea, by Hughina Harold. History of Nursing News 10 (March 2000): 11-13. [Hughina Bowden graduated from the Royal Jubilee Hospital, Victoria, BC.].

Thompson, Jill. Review of Nurses in Battledress, by Gwaldys M. Rees Aikens. History of Nursing News 11 (Winter 2000): 5.

Watson, Fiona R. Review of Tending to Care, by Jean Mortimer. IHNJ 5 (Spring 2000): 63. [Memoirs of a graduate from Aberdeen Royal Infirmary and Glasgow's Royal Maternity Hospital].

Whelan, Kathleen. Review of Celebrating Salisbury Nurse: A Series of Personal Reflections and Stories, by Marie Stride, ed. IHNJ 5 (Spring 2000): 62.

Zilm, Glennis. Review of Nursing Reflections: A Century of Caring, by Mosby Publishing. Newsletter (CAHN/ACHN), 13 (Autumn 2000): 14.

Zilm, Glennis. Review of 100 Years of American Nursing: Celebrating a Century of Caring, ed. Thelma M. Schorr and Maureen Shawn Kennedy. Newsletter (CAHN/ACHN), 13 (Autumn 2000): 14.

Zilm, Glennis. Review of 100 Years of American Nursing: Celebrating a Century of Caring, edited by Thelma M. Schorr and Maureen Shaw Kennedy. History of Nursing News 11 (Fall 2000): 9.

Zilm, Glennis. Review of Nursing Reflections: A Century of Caring, by Mosby Publishing. History of Nursing News 11 (Fall 2000): 9.

Zilm, Glennis. Salute to the Air Force Medical Branch on the 75th Anniversary of the Royal Canadian Air Force, by Harold M. Wright. History of Nursing News 11 (Fall 2000): 9. [Contains biographies of 10 Air Force nurses].

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THESES:

Allard, Geneviève. "Les infirmières militaires canadiennes pendant la première guerre mondiale." M.A. thesis, Université Laval, 1996. S. Mann The War Diary of Clare Gass, 1915-1918, 2000, p. 300.

Campazzi, Betty Carlson. "Nurses, Nursing and Malpractice Litigation: 1967-1977." Ed.D. diss., Teachers College, Columbia University, 1979. Reflections 5 (June 1979): 6.

Connolly, Cynthia A. "Prevention through Detention: The Pediatric Tuberculosis Preventorium Movement in the United States, 1909-1951." diss., University of Pennsylvania, 1999. The Chronicle 12 (Spring/Fall 2000): 3.

Connor-Ballard, Patricia. "Angels of the Mercy Fleet: Nursing the Ill and Wounded Aboard the United States Navy Hospital Ships in the Pacific during World War II." Ph.D. diss., University of Virginia, 2000. Windows in Time 8 (October 2000): 8.

Del Bene, Susan B. "Professionalization of Nursing: A Historical Analysis and an Examination of the Segmentation of Nurse Practitioners. Ph.D. diss., Graduate Center of the City University of New York, 1985. Reflections 12 (Fall 1986): 14.

Glass, Laurie K. "Katharine Densford Dreves: Marching at the Head of the Parade." Ph.D. diss., University of Illinois, Chicago, 1983. Reflections 9 (November 1983/January 1984): 3.

Grando, Victoria T. "Nurses' Struggle for Economic Equity: 1945-1965." Ph.D. diss., University of Kansas, 1994. Reflections 23 (Third/Fourth Quarter 1997): 25.

Hippensteel, Eloise J. "The Proposals of Nightingale and Henderson: Toward Constraints for Nursing Education." Ed.D, diss., Temple University, Philadelphia, 1986. Reflections 12 (Fall 1986): 14.

Lippman, Doris Troth. "The Evolution of the Nursing Textbook in the United States from 1873 to 1953: A Preliminary Survey." Ed.D. diss., Teachers College, Columbia University, 1980. Reflections 7 (May-June 1981): 10.

MacQueen, Joyce Schroeder. "Public Health Nursing in Sudbury, 1920-1956." M.A. diss., Laurentian University, 1990s. Registered Nurse 12 (January/February 2000): 6.

Markel, Rebecca Thomas. "A Historical Overview of Sigma Theta Tau, National Honor Society of Nursing, 1922-1979." Ed.D. diss., Indiana University, Bloomington, 1986. Reflections 12 (Summer 1986): 14.

Martin, Tania. "Housing the Grey Nuns: Power, Religion and Women in Fin-de-Siècle in Montreal." M.Arch. thesis. McGill University, 1995 (Martin, 1999, p.48.

Matilainen, Dahly. "Idémönster i Karen Neuman-Rahns livsgärning och författarskap - en idéhistoisk-biografisk studie i psykiatrisk vård i Finland under 1900-talets första hälft." Patterns of Ideas in Karen Neuman-Rahn's Life - Work and Writings - A Study of Pyschiatric Care in Finland in the Early Part of the 20th Century. Based on Biography and the History of Ideas. doctoral diss, Åbo Akademis fölag, Turku, Finland, 1997. [Matilainen, September 1999].

Munk, Hannah. "The Response of Public Health and Public Health Nursing to the Mass Immigration in Israel, 1948-1958." Ph.D. diss., Teachers College, Columbia University, 1979. Reflections 6 (March-April 1980): 6.

Newell, M. Leslie. "`Led by the Spirit of Humanity': Canadian Military Nursing 1914-1929." M.Sc. thesis, University of Ottawa, 1996. S. Mann, The War Diary of Clare Gass, 1915-1918, 2000, p. 303.

Noel, Nancy Louise. "Isabel Hampton Robb: Architect of American Nursing." Ed.D. diss, Teachers College, Columbia University, 1979. Reflections 5 (November/December 1979): 2.

Norman, Elizabeth M. "Nurses in War: A Study of Female Military Nurses Who Served in Vietnam during the War Years 1965-1973." Ph. D. diss., New York University, 1985. Reflections 12 (Spring 1986): 15.

O'Connell, P. E. "Community and Hospital in University Nurse Education: The Southampton Experience." Ph.D. diss., University of Southampton, 1976. IHNJ 5 (Summer 2000): 50.

Rafael Adeline R. Falk. "Every Day has Different Music: An Oral History of Public Health Nursing in Southern Ontario, 1980-96." Ph.D. diss., University of Colorado, 1997. Rafael, 1999, p.59.

Reedy, Elizabeth Ann. "`Ripe Too Early': The Expansion of Hospital Based Premature Infant Care in the United States, 1922-1950." Doctoral diss., University of Pennsylvania, 2000. The Chronicle 12 (Spring/Fall 2000): 3.

Sillars, Dorothy Jean. "The Development of Community Mental Health Nursing in Toronto from 1917 to 1947." M.Sc.N. thesis, University of Toronto, 1983. M. Gorrie, 1996, 214.

Strodtman, Linda Kay Tanner. "Becoming a Real Woman: Historical Analysis of the Characteristics, Ethos and Professional Socialization of Diploma Nursing Students in Two Midwestern Schools of Nursing from 1941 to 1980." Ph.D. diss., Wayne State University, 1994. Reflections 21 (Fall 1995): 26.

Summers, Annette. "`For I Have So Much More Faith in Her as a Nurse': The Eclipse of the Community Midwife in South Australia 1836-1942." Ph.D. diss., Flinders University, Australia, 1995. IHNJ 5 (Summer 2000): 57.

Vontz, Marilyn J. "A Commitment to Curing and Caring: The History of Bryan Memorial Hospital School of Nursing, 1926-1994." Ph.D. diss., University of Nebraska, 1994. Reflections 21 (Fall 1995): 30.

Wall, Barbra. "Unlikely Entrepreneurs: Nuns, Nursing, and Hospital Development in the West and Midwest, 1865-1915." Ph.D. diss., University of Notre Dame, c2000. Bulletin (AAHN), no. 67 (Summer, 2000): 8. [Won the Notre Dame Department of History Annual Prize for best dissertation].

Whelan, Jean C. "Too Many, Too Few: The Supply, Demand, and Distribution of Private Duty Nurses, 1910-1965." Doctoral diss., University of Pennsylvania, 2000. The Chronicle 12 (Spring/Fall 2000): 3.

Winans, Patricia. "Shalom: Releasing Pioneer, Canadian Nurse Georgea Powell from Anonymity." MN thesis, University of New Brunswick, 2000.

Willis, E. "The Division of Labour in Health Care." Ph.D. diss., University of Adelaide, 1981. IHNJ 5 (Summer 2000): 57.

Wooley, Alma S. "Case Study of the Integration of an Upper Division Professional Nursing Program for Registered Nurses into a Liberal Arts College." Ed.D. diss, University of Pennsylvania, 1980. Reflections 6 (September-October 1980): 6.

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WEBSITES/E-MAIL ADDRESSES:

BC Archives. <http://www.bcarchives.Gov.Bc.Ca>.

Canadian Society for the History of Medicine: <http://meds-ss10.meds.queensu.ca/medicine/histm/cshmweb/cshmhome.html>.

CAHN/ACHN: <http://www.ualberta.ca/~jhibberd/CAHN_ACHN/>.

Priory Lodge Education. <http://www.priory.com/homol.htm>. A new on-line History of Medicine, peer-reviewed journal. CONTACT: Dale A. Stirling is with the scientific research and public health consulting firm of Intertox, Inc., and is editor of the journal. TEL: 206-443-2115; E-MAIL: <dastirling@intertox.com>.

United Kingdom Centre for the History of Nursing. <www.qmuc.ac.uk/hn/history>.

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ABBREVIATIONS:

AAHN = American Association for the History of Nursing
AMS = Associated Medical Services
CAHN/ACHN = Canadian Association for the History of Nursing/Association canadienne pour l'histoire du nursing
CNA/AIIC = Canadian Nurses' Association/l'Association des infirmières et infirmiers du Canada
IHNJ = International History of Nursing Journal
INHH = International Network for the History of Hospitals
NANB = Nurse's Association of New Brunswick
NHS = National Health Service (Britain)
OGS = Ontario Genealogical Society
OWHN/RHFO = Ontario Women's History Network/Le réseau d'histoire des femmes en Ontario
RCN = Royal College of Nursing
RNABC = Registered Nurses' Association of British Columbia
RNAO = Registered Nurses' Association of Ontario
UK = United Kingdom

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PUBLICATIONS:

Bulletin - American Association for the History of Nursing.
Canadian Bulletin of Medical History - Journal of the Canadian Society for the History of Medicine.
Canadian Journal of Nursing Leadership - Academy of Canadian Executive Nurses.
The Chronicle - Center for the Study of the History of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania
History Info - History of Nursing Society Newsletter, Royal College of Nursing (UK)
History of Nursing News - History of Nursing Professional Practice Group, RNABC.
Image - Journal of Sigma Theta Tau International Honor Society of Nursing.
International History of Nursing Journal - Royal College of Nursing, UK.
International Nursing Review - Journal of the International Council of Nurses.
Journal of Nursing Scholarship - Journal of Sigma Theta Tau International Honor Society of Nursing. Replaces Image.
JOGNN - Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing.
OWHN Newsletter - Ontario Women's History Network/Le Rréseau d'histoire des femmes en Ontario.
Newsletter (AMS) - Published by the Associated Medical Services Inc., Toronto, Ontario.
Newsletter (CAHN/ACHN) - Journal of the Canadian Association for the History of Nursing/Association canadienne pour l'histoire du nursing.
Newsletter (INHH) - International Network for the History of Hospitals
Nursing and Health Care Perspectives - Published by the National League for Nursing.
Nursing History Review - Journal of the American Association for the History of Nursing.
Reflections - Magazine of Sigma Theta Tau International Honor Society of Nursing.
Registered Nurse - Journal of Registered Nurses' Association of Ontario
Windows in Time - The Center for Nursing Historical Inquiry, University of Virginia

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CLOSING QUOTATION:

It was the best of times, it was the worst of times, it was the age of wisdom, it was the age of foolishness, it was the epoch of belief, it was the epoch of incredulity, it was the season of Light, it was the season of Darkness, it was the spring of hope, it was the winter of despair, we had everything before us, we had nothing before us, . . . in short the period was so far like the present period . . .
Charles Dickens writing in 1859 about the 1790s.

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© 2000, The Margaret M Allemang Centre for the History of Nursing