Margaret M Allemang Centre for the History of Nursing
Bulletin Description Bulletin Archives Membership
Description Bulletin Archives Membership





Margaret M. Allemang Centre for Nursing History

Editor: Natalie Riegler, RN (Ret.), PhD. 3 Dromore Crescent, Willowdale, Ontario, M2R 2H4.
TEL: 416-221-5632 E-MAIL:

This bulletin is an accumulation of news and information gleaned from many sources across the country, the continent and the world. In order to reduce the number of pages, I have eliminated references to sources. However, my thanks go out to all of you who edit bulletins, newsletters or journals, arrange conferences, and in innumerable ways demonstrate that the history of nursing is thriving.




George Brown College 2 cu. ft.


Fred Brailey 1 folder. Photographs.

Mary Stewart Potts Harper 7 inches. Texts, records.

Cynthia Toman 1 inch. Master's thesis.




War Memorial Hospital, Waverly, NSW, Australia, has a "Window of Memory" dedicated to nurses. The three stained glass panels honour the memory of Winnie May Davis and Florence Salmon, graduates of the hospital, who lost their lives during active service in the Australian Army Service, and the first matron of the hospital, Elizabeth Hunter, who served in WWI. The panels depict the modern nurse, Christ raising Jabirus' daughter, and the Florence Nightingale era of nursing.



Carter-Edwards, Dennis. "Artifact Auction Sets Dangerous Precedent." OHS Bulletin, no. 122 (December 1999): 5. The Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry Historical Society auctioned much of the collection used to furnish its Inverarden Regency Cottage Museum.

Dodd, Dianne. "Commemorate Women's History!!" CCWH Newsletter (Spring 1999): 15-16. Dianne is looking for nominations of nurses, nursing places or events of national significance where a plaque can be erected in commemoration. Recognized so far are two WWI nurses: Georgina F. Pope and Margaret C. Macdonald. Others approved include Jeanne Mance and the Victorian Order of Nurses (Canada). For general information about the Women's History Initiative CONTACT: Dianne Dodd, Historic Services Branch, National Historic Sites Directorate, 5th Floor, 25 Eddy Street, Hull, Quebec K1A 0M5. TEL: 819-994-5537; FAX: 819-953-4909. To nominate, CONTACT: The Executive Secretary, Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada, Hull, Quebec K1A 0M5. TEL: 819-997-4059; FAX: 819-953-4909.

Revelstoke Hospital in British Columbia has a display cabinet in its lobby which includes nursing items. History of Nursing News 9 (February 1999): 4.

Shore, Helen. "From the President's Pen." History of Nursing News 9 (February 1999): 1. The nursing history group in British Columbia now has a temporary museum in an office at the University of British Columbia School of Nursing to house artifacts, photographs, books, etc.

Stained Glass Windows: A Tribute to New Brunswick Nurses. When in Fredericton, NB, go see the stained glass window over the main door of the Nurses' Association of New Brunswick, 165 Regent Street. The central figure is a nurse; the scarlet cape lining symbolizes energy and vitality and Hygea, goddess of health; the blue and white of the uniform are for spirituality. Light comes from Florence Nightingale's lamp and a rolled diploma symbolizes the ongoing education of nursing practice. The window is divided into eleven fan shaped pieces to represent each chapter of the Association. [Courtesy of Dr. Arlee Hoyt McGee].

Veterans Affairs Canada, Charlottetown, PEI. A permanent display of Nursing Sisters' artifacts can be seen in the Atrium. History of Nursing News 9 (February 1999): 9.

Warbinek, Ethel. "Stained Glass Windows: A Tribute to the VGH School of Nursing 1899-1998." History of Nursing News 10 (June 1999): 14. The stained glass window at the Vancouver General Hospital is in the main lobby of the Laurel Pavilion. The central figure is a nurse in a c1910 graduation uniform, surrounded by five circles. These depict students in uniforms from 1910-1998.



Collins, Sheila M. "Ethel Gordon Fenwick: Nursing Reformer 1857-1947." History Info (Summer 1999): 2. On 25 June 1999, a plaque was unveiled at 20 Upper Wimpole Street to commemorate Ethel Fenwick who lived there from 1887 to 1947.

The Museum of St. Bartholomew's, London, England. This hospital was founded in 1123 AD and displays archives dating back to the 12 century. TEL: +44 171-601-8601/8152. Newsletter (INHH), no. 3 (September 1999): 2.



Baer, Ellen. "Florida Nursing History Interest Group Formed." Bulletin (AAHN), no. 64 (Fall 1999): 5. CONTACT: Dean Diane Horner, University of Miami, School of Nursing, PO Box 248153. Coral Gables, FL 33124-3850.

Frantz, Ann K. "Clara Barton Wayside Exhibit at Antietam National Battlefield." Bulletin (AAHN), no. 63 (Summer 1999): 4. Though Barton did not see herself as a nurse, she brought to her American Civil War work attributes of the nursing profession, such as, compassion, endurance, strength in demeanour and pride in accomplishments. Her monument was restored in October 1997. It is located in the Antietam National Battlefield near Sharpsburg, Maryland, at the edge of the cornfield by the Poffenberger farm. It was here, on 17 September 1862, that she brought medical and surgical supplies, including stimulants, bandages, lanterns, food, and blankets. When she arrived, the surgeons had been without these items and the wounded were bleeding to death. The Friends of Clara Barton are now raising funds to add a wayside exhibit to the site.

Hudson River State Hospital, Poughkeepsie, New York, which use to have a school of nursing, now has a museum. The administrative building of the Hudson River Psychiatric Center has been designated a National Historic Site.

"Mother" Mary Ann Bickerdyke's Memorial is located on the lawn of the Knox County Courthouse, Galesburg, Illinois.

Walker, Patricia Chambers, and Thomas Graham. Directory of Historic House Museums in the United States. California: AltaMira Press, n.d. [OHS Bulletin, no. 121 (September 1999): 7].

Woolley, Alma S. "The National Women's Hall of Fame." Bulletin (AAHN), no. 64 (Fall 1999): 6. This memorial is located in Seneca Falls, New York. Of the 160 honorees, at least nine are associated with nursing.



Abelsohn, Julie. "Writing the Book on Nightingale." Registered Nurse Journal 11 (May/June 1999): 8-9. [Florence Nightingale project by Lynn McDonald, PhD, University of Guelph].

Allemang, Margaret M. "Development of Community Health Nursing in Canada." In Community Nursing: Promoting Canadians' Health. 2nd ed. ed. Miriam J. Stewart, 4-32. Toronto: W.B. Saunders, 2000.

Attewell, Alex. "Florence Nightingale's Relevance to Nurses." Journal of Holistic Nursing 16 (June 1998): 281-291.

Baumgart, Alice. "Remembering Mary O'Brien: Nurses and the Struggle for a New Definition of Health." Canadian Woman Studies 18 (Winter 1999): 28-31.

Beck, Deva. "The Flame of Florence Nightingale's Legacy." Journal of Holistic Nursing 16 (June 1998): 105-106.

Benedict, Susan, and Jochen Kuhla. "Nurses' Participation in the Euthanasia Programs of Nazi Germany." Western Journal of Nursing Research 21 (April 1999): 246-63.

Bienvenue, Louise. Le Victorian Order of Nurses dans la croisade hygiéniste montréalaise (1897-1925)." Bulletin d'histoire politique 6 (hiver 1998): 64-73. [CCWH Newsletter (Spring 1999): 21].

Birchenall, Peter. "Nursing in War-Time Guernsey: A Preliminary Review." British Journal of Nursing 6 (11 December 1997-7 January 1998): 1315-1322.

Bishop, Terry. "Agnes Cowan [1839-1893]." In Dictionary of Canadian Biography. Vol. XII, 1891-1900, ed. Frances G. Halpenny, 217. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1990. [The Florence Nightingale of Newfoundland].

Boschma, Geertje. "The Gender Specific Role of Male Nurses in Dutch Asylums: 1890-1910." International History of Nursing Journal 4 (Summer 1999): 13-19.

Bradbury, Bettina. "Elderly Inmates and Caregiving Sisters: Catholic Institutions for the Elderly in Nineteenth-Century Montreal." In On the Case: Explorations in Social History, ed. Franca Iacovetta and Wendy Mitchinson, 129-58, Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1998. [CCWH Newsletter (Spring 1999): 8].

Carlisle, D. "Costume Drama." Nursing Times 93 (29 January-4 February 1997): 42-5. [Medline 1993-1997].

Collins, Susan B., and Charlotte McGuire. "Rediscover the Essence of the Nursing Profession." Journal of Holistic Nursing 16 (June 1998): 102-104.

Cook, Sharon Anne. "Annie Amelia Chesley [c1857-1910]." In Dictionary of Canadian Biography. Vol. XIII, 1901-1910, ed. Ramsay Cook, 193. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1994. [Lady Superintendent, St. Luke's Hospital, Ottawa].

"The Cover." Caduceus 11 (Spring 1995): 2. The cover of this special issue is a photograph of the Vietnam Women's Memorial, Constitution Gardens, Washington, DC.

Daigle, Johanne, and Nicole Rousseau. "Le Service médical aux colons: Gestation et implantation d'un service infirmier au Québec (1932-1943)." Revue d'histoire de l"Amérique française 52 (été 1998): 47-72.

Davis, S. K. "A Mandate for Nursing History in Nursing Curricula." Journal of Nursing Education 34 (December 1995): 427-30. [Medline 1993-1997].

Donahue, M. Patricia. "An Introduction: Faintly Heard and Little Noted." Caduceus 11 (Spring 1995): 3-10.

Donahue, M. Patricia. "Reflections on the Changing Image of Nurses in Wartime." Caduceus 11 (Spring 1995): 53-58.

Dopson, Laurence. "Reflections on the Life of Monica Baly." International History of Nursing Journal 4 (Winter 1998/1999): 41-43.

[Doree, Joan] "Tuberculosis Care in the Community." History of Nursing News 9 (February 1999): 5-8.

Dossey, Barbara M. "Florence Nightingale: A 19th-Century Mystic." Journal of Holistic Nursing 16 (June 1998): 111-164.

Dossey, Barbara M. "Florence Nightingale: Her Crimean Fever and Chronic Illness." Journal of Holistic Nursing 16 (June 1998): 168-196.

Dossey, Barbara M. "Florence Nightingale: Her Personality Type." Journal of Holistic Nursing 16 (June 1998): 202-222.

Fairman, J. A., and S. Kagan. "Creating Critical Care: The Case of the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, 1950-1965." Advances in Nursing Science 22 (September 1999). [Internet <>].

Fairman, J. A., and M. B. Happ. "`For Their Own Good?': A Historical Examination of Restraint Use, Health Care. Ethics Committee Forum: An Interprofessional Journal on Healthcare Institutions, Ethical and Legal Issues 10 (September/December 1998): 290-299. [Internet <>].

Feldberg, Gina. "Elizabeth Jennet Wyllie (McMaster) [1847-1903]." In Dictionary of Canadian Biography. Vol. XIII, 1901-1910, ed. Ramsay Cook, 1118-1119. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1994. [Founded the Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, 1875; graduated from Illinois Training School for Nurses, 1891].

Fitch, Cathy. "Excerpts from – A History of Infection Control: From Primitive Medicine to Certified Practitioner." Edited by Arlene Keeling. Windows in Time 7 (February 1999): 4-6.

Fitzpatrick, Beth. "Collecting Cherry Ames Books." History of Nursing News 9 (February 1999): 11.

Fondiller, Shirley H. "Virginia M. Ohlson: International Icon in Public Health Nursing." Nursing Outlook 47 (May/June 1999): 108-113.

Frith, S. "A Unique Period of Nursing History." Nursing Standard 9 (16-22 August 1995): 49. [Medline 1993-1997].

Furness, Maggie. "A Personal Perspective of Nursing History." International History of Nursing Journal 4 (Winter 1998/1999): 34-37.

Gautreau, G., and P. Winans. "Profile of a Leader – Alena Jean MacMaster: Administrator, Educator, Professional Activist and Community Advocate." Canadian Journal of Nursing Leadership 12 (May-June 1999): 41-43.

Gautreau, Gérène, and Patricia Winans. "Alena Jean MacMaster: Administrator, Educator, Professional Activist and Community Advocate." Newsletter (CAHN/ACHN), 12 (Autumn 1999): 11-13.

"Getting Organized: The First Seven." International Nursing Review 46 (January/February 1999): 23-24. [The beginning of the ICN].

Glass, Laurie K. "The Naval Reserve Nurses Corps: The First Fifty Years, 1908-1958." Caduceus 11 (Spring 1995): 35-52.

Godfrey, W. G. "`Into the Hands of the Ladies': The Birth of the Moncton Hospital." Acadiensis 27 (Autumn 1997): 27-43.

Grando, Victoria T. "A Hard Day's Work: Institutional Nursing in the Post-World War II Era." Nursing History Review 8 (2000): 169-184.

Gudmundson, Darrell. "Pioneer of Saskatoon: Emily Long – Pioneer Nurse." 3 pp. [Internet, 7/4/99 <>].

Hannigan, Ben. "Community Mental Health Nursing, 1954 to 1990: A Review of Policy, Practice and Service Organisation." International History of Nursing Journal 4 (Winter 1998/1999): 28-33.

Hanson, Kathleen S. "A Network of Service: Female Nurses in the Civil War." Caduceus 11 (Spring 1995): 11-22.

Helmstadter, Carol. "Priscilla Lydia Sellon and Her Sisterhood (1821-1876)." Registered Nurse Journal 11 (July/August 1999): 12-13.

Herrmann, E. K. "Connecticut Nursing History Vignettes." Connecticut Nursing News (Connecticut Nurses Association), (1998-1999). [Internet <>].

Hutchinson, Kitty. "Restored to Life, and Power, and Thought." International History of Nursing Journal 4 (Summer 1999): 36-39. [A children's hospital ward in England during 1940].

Johnston, John Alexander. "Gold Rush!" Toronto Beaches Church program, 13 June 1999. In 1897, the Atlin Nurse Committee in Toronto designated two nurses, Elizabeth Mitchell and Helen Bone, as Presbyterian missionary nurses to the Klondike. Their first hospital was a log cabin with a mudroof, sawdust floor and four cots. This item includes a photograph of each nurse. [Courtesy of Arlene Betsworth Scuka].

Karpf, Ted. "She Must Be a Saint: It's Clear She's Not a Sinner." Journal of Holistic Nursing 16 (June 1998): 107-110.

Keen-Payne, Rhonda. "We Must Have Nurses: Spanish Influenza in America 1918-1919." Nursing History Review 8 (2000): 143-156.

Kelm, Mary-Ellen. "Flora Amelia Ross (Hubbs) [1842-1897]." In Dictionary of Canadian Biography. Vol. XII, 1891-1900, ed. Frances G. Halpenny, 929-930. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1990. [Matron, women's ward, BC Provincial Lunatic Asylum and served in the Boer War].

Kenneally, Rhona Richman. "Charlotte Heise (Führer) [1834-1907]." In Dictionary of Canadian Biography. Vol. XIII, 1901-1910, ed. Ramsay Cook, 460-461. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1994. [Midwife in Montreal].

Kershaw, Betty. "A Proud Record: Nurse Leaders from Manchester Royal Infirmary." International History of Nursing Journal 4 (Winter 1998/1999): 38-40.

Kirby, Stephanie. "Reflections on the Life of Monica Baly." International History of Nursing Journal 4 (Winter 1998/1999): 45.

Kirchgessner, John. "Miners' Hospitals Come to the Coal Fields: Acute Care Nursing 1900-1920." Windows in Time 7 (September 1999): 5-6.

Kirchgessner, John C. "The Miners' Hospitals of West Virginia: Nurses and Healthcare Come to the Coal Fields, 1900-1920." Nursing History Review 8 (2000): 157-168.

Lynaugh, Joan. "Inventing International Nursing: The First Decade (1899-1910). International Nursing Review 46 (January/February 1999): 9-12.

Lynaugh, Joan, and Barbara L. Brush. "The ICN Story (1899-1999)." International Nursing Review 46 (January/February 1999): 3-8.

Maggs, Christopher. "Reflections on the Life of Monica Baly." International History of Nursing Journal 4 (Winter 1998/1999): 43-44.

Mansell, D. "Mary Agnes Snively: Realistic Optimist." Canadian Journal of Nursing Leadership 12 (January/February 1999): 27-29.

Mansell, Diana. "Mary Agnes Snively: Realistic Optimist." Newsletter (CAHN/ACHN), 12 (Spring 1999): 5-7.

Martell, Louise K. "Maternity Care During the Post-World War II Baby Boom: The Experience of General Duty Nurses." Western Journal of Nursing Research 21 (June 1999): 387-404.

MacQueen, Joyce, and Myrtle Kutschke. "Alma Reid: Leadership through Caring." Registered Nurse Journal 11 (March/April 1999): 6-8.

McAuliffe, Maura S. "Interview with Faye G. Abdellah on Nursing Research and Health Policy." Image 30, no. 3 (1998): 215-219.

McBride, Angela Barron. "Breakthroughs in Nursing Education: Looking Back, Looking Forward." Nursing Outlook 47 (May/June 1999): 114-119.

McDonald, Lynn. "Florence Nightingale: Passionate Statistician." Journal of Holistic Nursing 16 (June 1998): 267-277.

McGee, Arlee Hoyt. "Eliza Parks Hegan [1861-1917]." In Dictionary of Canadian Biography. Vol. XIV, 1911-1920, ed. Ramsay Cook, 471-472. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1994. [A New Brunswick nursing leader].

Mensburger, I., and A. Rabensteiner. "History of the Origin of Anthroposophically Oriented Nursing." Osterreichisch Krankenpflegezeitschrift 49 (April 1996): 27-9. [In German, Medline 1993-1997].

Metaxas, Virginia A. "Eleanor Clarke Slagle and Susan E. Tracy: Personal and Professional Identity and the Development of Occupational Therapy in Progressive Era America." Nursing History Review 8 (2000): 39-70. [Tracy was a graduate nurse].

Miller, Carman. "Sarah Forbes [1860-1902]." In Dictionary of Canadian Biography. Vol. XIII, 1901-1910, ed. Ramsay Cook, 351-352. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1994. [Forbes served with the Canadian forces in the South African War in 1899].

Mosley, Maria O. Pitts. "Beginning at the Beginning: A History of the Professionalization of Black Nurses in America 1908-1951." Journal of Cultural Diversity 2 (Fall 1995): 101-9. [Medline 1993-1997].

Nichols, D. Jeanette, and Marjorie S. Hammer. "Case Study of Institution-Building by Nurse Bertha Wright and Colleagues." Image 30, no. 4 (1998): 385-389.

Nolan, Peter. "Ideology and Mental Health Care – Two Historical Perspectives." International History of Nursing Journal 4 (Winter 1998/1999): 15-21.

Norman, Elizabeth M. "American Military Nurses in Wartime and the Impact of Their Experiences on Peacetime Nursing Practice." Caduceus 11 (Spring 1995): 23-34.

"Nursing at the Turn of the Century." International Nursing Review 46 (January/February 1999): 21-22. [ICN].

Nuttall, Alison. "A Preliminary Survey of Midwifery Training in Edinburgh, 1844 to 1870." International History of Nursing Journal 4 (Winter 1998/1999): 4-14.

Nuttall, Peggy. "Reflections on the Life of Monica Baly." International History of Nursing Journal 4 (Winter 1998/1999): 44-45.

O'Brien, Mary. "Learning to Win." Canadian Woman Studies 18 (Winter 1999): 21-27. [Keynote address, RNAO, 1981].

O'Brien, Patricia. "Ella (Nellie) Campbell [c1884-1918]." In Dictionary of Canadian Biography. Vol. XIV, 1911-1920, ed. Ramsay Cook, 176-177. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1994. [Co-founder, the Tuberculosis Dispensary, St. John's, Newfoundland].

Oinas, Eija, Merja Nikkonen, and Anna-Maija Pietilä. "A Midwife-Public-Health Nurse's Work in Finland, 1950-87." International Journal of Nursing Practice 5 (September 1999): 116. [Internet, 11 November 1999 <>].

Olson, Tom. "Balancing Theory and Practice in Nursing Education: Case Study of a Historic Struggle." Nursing Outlook 46 (November/December 1998): 268-272.

Parker, Edith R. "Reflections on the Life of Monica Baly." International History of Nursing Journal 4 (Winter 1998/1999): 43.

Paulson, Esther. "More on TB Nursing." History of Nursing News 9 (March 1999): 8-9.

Pickwell, Sheila M. "Pearle Arnold Capwell (1885-1982), Pioneer Nurse." Image 31, no. 2 (1999): 193-195.

Pollitt, Phobe, and Camille N. Reese. "Jane Renwick Smedburg Wilkes: North Carolina Nurse Pioneer." Bulletin (AAHN), no. 62 (Spring 1999): 4-6.

Quiney, Linda J. "Assistant Angels: Canadian Voluntary Aid Detachment Nurses in the Great War." Canadian Bulletin of Medical History 15, no. 1 (1998): 189-206.

Ramsammy, Roberta. "Concerns Regarding Nursing Leadership: 1948 to 1998." International History of Nursing Journal 4 (Summer 1999): 4-12.

Rawcliffe, Carole. "Hospital Nurses and Their Work." In Daily Life in the Late Middle Ages. ed. R. Britnell. Stroud, 1998. [Internet, 2 December 1999 <>].

Rew, Lynn. "Two Women with Vision: Florence Nightingale and Barbara Dossey." Journal of Holistic Nursing 16 (June 1998): 101.

Riegler, Natalie. "Mary Agnes Snively 1847-1933: Leading the Way." Registered Nurse Journal 11 (May/June 1999): 5-7.

Riegler, Natalie. "Ruth Agnes Rose 1849-1934: A Nurse Who Cared." Registered Nurse Journal 11 (November/December 1999: 5-7.

Rinker, Sylvia. "To Cultivate a Feeling of Confidence: The Nursing of Obstetric Patients, 1890-1940. Nursing History Review 8 (2000): 117-142.

Rocan, Geneviève. "Teresa McDonell [c1833-1917]," also named Sainte-Thérèse." In Dictionary of Canadian Biography. Vol. XIV, 1911-1920, ed. Ramsay Cook, 694-695. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1994. [Established the hospital which later became St. Boniface Hospital, Winnipeg].

Rodger, Ginette Lemire, and Sheila M. Gallagher. "The Move Toward Primary Health Care in Canada: Community Health Nursing from 1985 to 2000." In Community Nursing: Promoting Canadians' Health. 2nd ed. ed. Miriam J. Stewart, 33-55. Toronto: W.B. Saunders, 2000.

Rousseau, Nicole, and Johanne Daigle. "Medical Service to Settlers: The Gestation and Establishment of a Nursing Service in Québec, 1932-1943." Nursing History Review 8 (2000): 95-116.

Ryder, Reiko Shimazaki. "Nursing Reorganization in Occupied Japan, 1945-1951." Nursing History Review 8 (2000): 71-93.

Sandelowski, Margarete. "The Physician's Eyes: American Nursing and the Diagnostic Revolution in Medicine." Nursing History Review 8 (2000): 3-38.

Selanders, Louise C. "Florence Nightingale: The Evolution and Social Impact of Feminist Values in Nursing." Journal of Holistic Nursing 16 (June 1998): 227-243.

Selanders, Louise C. "The Power of Environmental Adaptation: Florence Nightingale's Original Theory for Nursing Practice." Journal of Holistic Nursing 16 (June 1998): 247-263.

Smith, Susan L. "Women Health Workers and the Color Line in the Japanese American `Relocation Centers' of World War II." Bulletin of the History of Medicine 73 (Winter 1999): 585-601.

Spragge, Shirley C. "Agnes Florien Forneri [1881-1918]." In Dictionary of Canadian Biography. Vol. XIV, 1911-1920, ed. Ramsay Cook, 371-372. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1994. [Nursing Sister in WWI].

Stallknecht, Kirsten. "100 Flying Years and a Challenging Future." International Nursing Review 46 (January/February 1999): 13-14. [ICN].

Stuart, Meryn. "War and Peace: Professional Identities and Nurses' Training, 1914-1930." In Challenging Professions: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives on Women's Professional Work, ed. Elizabeth Smyth, Sandra Acker, Paula Bourne and Alison Prentice, 171-193. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1999.

Townshend, Adele. "Rena Maude McLean [1879-1918]." In Dictionary of Canadian Biography. Vol. XIV, 1911-1920, ed. Ramsay Cook, 723-724. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1994. [Nursing Sister, WWI, drowned in sinking of Llandovery Castle].

Turner, Charne, and Jocalyn Lawler. "Mouth Care Practices in Nursing and Research-Based Education: An Historical Analysis of Instructional Nursing Texts 1870-1997." International History of Nursing Journal 4 (Summer 1999): 29-35.

Watson, Jean. "Reflections: Florence Nightingale and the Enduring Legacy of Transpersonal Human Caring." Journal of Holistic Nursing 16 (June 1998): 292-294.

Weir, Rosemary I. "Gladys Carter – An Advocate of Higher Education for Nurses." International History of Nursing Journal 4 (Winter 1998/1999): 22-27.

Wildman, Stuart. "The Development of Nursing at the General Hospital, Birmingham, 1779-1919." International History of Nursing Journal 4 (Summer 1999): 20-28.

Wolff, H., and J. Wolff. "Concerning the History of Medical Schools of Nursing at the University of Vienna (1812-1846) and the Koniglichen Charite-Krankenhaus in Berlin since 1832." Pflege 8 (September 1995): 265-72. [In German, Medline 1993-1997].

Zilm, Glennis. "History of Dialysis Nursing in Canada." History of Nursing News 9 (March 1999): 6-7.

Zwerdling, Michael. "You Should Be in Pictures...Nurses on Picture Postcards." Nursing 99 29 (May 1999): 46-49.



International Network for the History of Hospitals (INHH). Supported by the European Association for the History of Medicine and Health, the INHH is interested in the historical evolution of hospitals. CONTACT: Dr. Keir Waddington, The School of History and Archaeology, Cardiff University, PO Box 909, Cardiff CF1 3XU, UK; TEL/FAX: +44-1222-874259.

International Society for the History of Medicine. CONTACT: Dr. Robert A. Macbeth, National Delegate (Canada), ISHM, 1506-1 Concorde Place, Toronto, Ontario M3C 3K6.

Oral History Association: ADDRESS: Dickinson College, PO Box 1773, Carlisle, Pennsylvania 17013. TEL: 717-245-1036; FAX: 717-245-1046: E-MAIL: <>.



Rimstead, Diane. "Mathias Moore, Part 1: A Falkenburg First. Muskoka Sun (Bracebridge, Ontario), 1 July 1999, A4-A5, A25-A27.

Rimstead, Diane. "Mathias Moore, Part 2: His Muskoka Legacy. Muskoka Sun (Bracebridge, Ontario), 8 July 1999, A4-A5, A22-A23. This two part history of Mathias Moore is also a family history of members who have become RNs or RNA/RPNs: Patsy Moore Evans, Mary Naismith Moore, Lisa Hammell Boyes, Suzanne Hodgkinson, and Annie Hueber and Karen Booth, both of whom married into the family.



Aikens, Gladys Rees. Nurses in Battledress Halifax: Cymru Press, n.d. [Donald Carlson. "Memoirs, Ghosts and the Big Bamboozle." CARPNews (April 1999): 44]. Aikens served in North Africa and Italy with the Queen Alexandra's Imperial Military Nursing Service, survived the torpedoing of the troopship SS Strathallan off Oran, Algeria on 2 December 1941, and married a Canadian, Dr. Robert Aikens.

Brush, Barbara L., Joan E. Lynaugh, Geertje Boschma, Anne Marie Rafferty, Meryn Stuart, and Nancy J. Tomes. Nurses of All Nations: A History of the International Council of Nurses, 1899-1999. Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1999. ISBN 0-7817-1904-6.

Brown, Thomas J. Dorothea Dix: New England Reformer. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998.

Bullough, Vern L., Lilli Sentz, and Sharon Richardson. American Nursing: A Biographical Dictionary. Vol. 3. New York: Springer Publishing Company, 2000.

Caduceus 11 (Spring 1995). Issue on "Nursing in Wartime."

Canadian Journal of Nursing Research 1969-1999 30 (March 1999). 30th Commemorative Issue.

Canadian Woman Studies 18, no. 4 (Winter 1999). A memorial publication on "Remembering Mary O'Brien." O'Brien trained as a nurse in the United Kingdom and was a sociology professor at the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education, University of Toronto. She was known as a feminist and activist. [Courtesy of Dr. Margaret M. Allemang].

Collins, Sheila, and Edith Parker. Learning to Care. London: Museum and Archives Department, Royal London Hospital, n.d. Nursing and midwifery education at the Royal London Hospital, 1740-1993. [History Info (February 1999): 5].

Crothers, Katherine Connell. With Tender Loving Care: Story of the Nursing School at the Kingston General Hospital, Kingston, Ontario. rev. ed. Kingston: KGH Nurses' Alumnae, 1999.

Cumming, Kate. Kate: The Journal of a Confederate Nurse. Edited by Richard Barksdale Harwell. Baton Rouge: Louisianna State University Press, c1998.

Dossey, Barbara M. Florence Nightingale: Mystic, Visionary, Healer. Springhouse, Pennsylvania: Springhouse, 1999.

Fessler, Diane Burke. No Time for Fear: Voices of American Military Nurses in World War II. East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 1997. ISBN 087013440X.

Goldie, Sue M. Florence Nightingale: Letters from the Crimea, 1854-1856. Manchester: Mandolin, 1997.

Harold, Hughina. Totem Poles and Tea. Surrey, BC: Heritage House Publishing, 1996. A nurse/teacher spends two years in a village. [CCWH Newsletter (Spring 1999): 23].

Herrmann, E., ed. Virginia Henderson: Signature for Nursing. Indianapolis: Theta Tau Center Nursing Press, 1998. [Internet <>].

Holland, Mary Gardner, ed. Our Army Nurses: Stories from Women in Civil War. Edinborough Press, c1998. ISBN 1889020044.

International Nursing Review 46 (January/February 1999). Articles related to history of the International Council of Nurses.

Journal of Holistic Nursing 16 (June 1998). Special issue on "Florence Nightingale and Her Legacy for Holistic Nursing"

Judd, Catherine. Bedside Seductions: Nursing And the Victorian Imagination 1830-1880. New York: St. Martins Press, 1998.

Landells, Edith. The Military Nurses of Canada. Vol. 2. British Columbia: Edith Landells, 1999. AVAILABLE from author, 1203-6651 Minoru Blvd., Richmond, BC V6Y 1Z2. TEL: 604-276-8534; FAX: 604-276-2363.

Landells, Edith. The Military Nurses of Canada. Vol. 3. British Columbia: Edith Landells, 1999. AVAILABLE from author.

Mangerich, Agnes Jensen, Evelyn Monahan, and Rosemary L. Neidel. Albanian Escape: The True Story of U. S. Army Nurses Behind Enemy Lines. Lexington, KY: University Press of Kentucky, 1999. ISBN 0813121094.

Marlow, Joyce. ed. The Virago Book of Women and the Great War 1914-1918. London: Virago Press, 1998. ISBN 1-86049-507-9. [Includes VADs and nurses].

Murphy-Lawless, Jo. Reading Birth and Death: A History of Obstetric Thinking. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1998.

Norman, Elizabeth. We Band of Angels: The Untold Story of American Nurses Trapped on Bataan by the Japanese. New York: Random House, 1999. ISBN 0-375-50245-9.

Nursing Outlook 47 (May/June 1999). Papers from the 25th anniversary of the American Academy of Nursing.

Parker, Edith, and Sheila Collins. Learning to Care. London: Museum and Archives Department, Royal London Hospital, n.d. Nursing and midwifery education at the Royal London Hospital, 1740-1993. [History Info (February 1999): 5].

Richardson, Harriet, ed. English Hospitals 1660-1948: A Survey of Their Architecture and Design. Swindon: Royal Commission on Historical Monuments of England, 1998. [History Info (February 1999): 5].

Sabin, Linda E. Struggles and Triumphs 1800-1950. Madison, MS: MS Nurses' Foundation, 1999. Professional nursing in Mississippi until after WWII. [Bulletin (AAHN), no. 63 (Summer 1999): 7].

Sarnecky, Mary. A History of the U.S. Army Nurse Corps. Philadelphia: University of Pennysylvania Press, 1999.

Scanlon, Pauline. The Irish Nurse: A Study of Nursing in Ireland– History and Education, 1718-1981 ManorHamilton: Drumlin Publications, 1991

Schorr, Thelma M., and Maureen Shawn Kennedy. 100 Years of American Nursing: Celebrating a Century of Caring. Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1999. ISBN 0-7817-1865-1.

Schwartz, Doris R. My Fifty Years in Nursing: Give Us to Go Blithely. New York: Springer Publishing Company, 1995. ISBN 0-8261-8920-2. [Courtesy of Mary Carr].

Taylor, Eric. Front-Line Nurse: British Nurses in World War II. London: Robert Hale & Co., 1997. ISBN 0709058195.

Tomblin, Barbara Brooks. G. I. Nightingales: The Army Nurse Corps in World War II. Lexington, KY: University Press of Kentucky, 1996. ISBN 0813119510.

Twohig, Peter. Challenge and Change: A History of the Dalhousie School of Nursing, 1949-1989. Halifax: Fernwood Publishing/Dalhousie University, c1998.

Weir, Rosemary I. A Leap in the Dark: The Origins and Development of the Department of Nursing Studies at the University of Edinburgh. Penzance: Jamieson Library, 1996.

Williamson, Lori, ed. Florence Nightingale and the Birth of Professional Nursing. 6 Volumes. Bristol, UK: Thoemmes Press, 1999.

Witz, Anne. Professions and Patriarchy. London: Routledge, 1992.




Mar 25 Agnes Dillon Randolph Award/Lecture. The Center for Nursing Historical Inquiry, Charlottesville, Virginia.

Apr 6-8 Qualitative Health Research Conference at Banff, Alberta. CONTACT: Dr. Janice Morse, International Institute for Qualitative Methodology, 6-10 University Extension Centre, University of Alberta, 8303-112 Street, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2T4. E-MAIL: <>.

Apr 13-15 Registered Nurses Association of Ontario. 75th Annual General Meeting at Sheraton Parkway Toronto North, Richmond Hill, Ontario.

May 8-14 National Nursing Week (Canada).

May 18-21 American Association for the History of Medicine Meeting in Bethesda, Maryland. CONTACT: Elizabeth Fee, History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine, 8600 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, MD 20894. TEL: 301-496-5405; E-MAIL: <>.

May 24-28 Biennial Colloquium of the Centre for Rupert's Land Studies at the University of Winnipeg. To be held in Vancouver, Washington. CONTACT: Jennifer S. H. Brown, Director, Centre for Rupert's Land Studies, The University of Winnipeg, 515 Portage Avenue, Winnipeg, MB R3B 2E9. TEL: 204-786-9003; FAX: 204-774-4134; E-MAIL: <> or <>.

May 25-27 Workgroup of European Nurse Researchers, 10th Biennial Conference at Reykjavik, Iceland.

May 26-28 Canadian Society for the History of Medicine, at the University of Alberta, Edmonton. CONTACT: Dr. Patricia Prestwhich, Department of History and Classics, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6G 2E1.

May 27-29 Canadian Historical Association, in Edmonton, Alberta. CONTACT: David Mills, Co-Chair, CHA Program Committee, Department of History and Classics, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6G 2H4. E-MAIL: <>.

Jun 5-15 The Southern Association for Women Historians 5th annual meeting, at the University of Richmond and the Library of Virginia, Richmond, Virginia.

Jun 8-10 CAHN/ACHN Annual Conference, at Fredericton, New Brunswick. CONTACT: Dr. Ann Rhéaume, École des sciences infirmières, Édifice Jacqueline Bouchard, Université de Moncton, Moncton, NB E1A 3E9.

Jun 18-21 Canadian Nurses' Association Annual Meeting and Biennial Conference in Vancouver, British Columbia. CONTACT: TEL: 1-800-361-8404; FAX: 613-237-3520; E-MAIL: <>; WEBSITE: <>.

Jul 6-7 RCN History of Nursing Society Millennium Conference in Edinburgh. CONTACT: Andrea Stirling, HNS Conference Co-Ordinator, RCN Scottish Board, 42 South Oswald Road, Edinburgh EH9 2HH, United Kingdom. E-MAIL: <>; TEL: 0131-662-1010; FAX: 0131-662-1032; WEBSITE: <>.

Aug 6-13 International Congress of Historical Sciences in Oslo. CONTACT: University of Oslo, P.O. Box 1008, Blindern, N-0315, Oslo, Norway; WEBSITE: <>.

Sep 10-15 International Society for the History of Medicine, Galveston, Texas.

Sep 22-24 Annual Conference of the American Association for the History of Nursing. To be co-sponsored with the College of Nursing, Villanova University, Villanova, PA. CONTACT: E-MAIL: <>; WEBSITE: <>.


Apr International Network for the History of Hospitals Conference, "Hospitals and Health: The Balance Sheet Over Two Millenia," in Verona, Italy.

Apr 18-22 American Association for the History of Medicine Meeting in Charleston, South Carolina.

June CAHN/ACHN Annual Conference.

Fall Annual Conference of the American Association for the History of Nursing. Co-sponsored with the University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA.


June CAHN/ACHN Annual Conference.

June Canadian Nurses' Association Conference in St. John's, Newfoundland.

Fall Annual Conference of the American Association for the History of Nursing. Co-sponsored with Brigham Young University, Salt Lake City, Utah.


June CAHN/ACHN Annual Conference.

June Canadian Nurses' Association Conference in Regina, Saskatchewan.



Nursing Research Fund, The Canadian Health Services Research Foundation (CHSRF). Monies are to be invested in research chairs/professorships, training, research funding, and knowledge dissemination. CONTACT: Jonathan Lomas, Executive Director. E-MAIL: <> or checkout the CNA website <>.

John J. Pisano Travel Grants. Administered by the DeWitt Stetten, Jr., Museum of Medical Research, National Institutes of Health (NIH). Supports travel costs to Bethesda, Maryland for historical research related to NIH intramural programs. CONTACT: John J. Pisano Travel Grants, Building 31, Room 2B09 MSC 2092, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892-2092.

Lynaugh, Joan. "AAHN Board Members Meet with NINR Reps." Bulletin (AAHN), no. 64 (Fall 1999): 4. A meeting to seek research funds for nursing history from the National Institute of Nursing Research.



Canadian Centre for Philanthropy (CCP). Give & Take. Toronto: CCP, n.d. A resource manual for Canadian fundraisers. [OHS Bulletin, no. 122 (December 1999): 7].


History of Nursing Professional Practice Group (RNABC): New card features the Lennie Sculpture (1940) located at the Shaughnessy Hospital, Oak Street, Vancouver. The sculpture is a WWI Nursing Sister with a wounded soldier. The card commemorates the 100th anniversary of the Canadian Nurses who accompanied troops to the South African War in 1899. Proceeds from the sale of the card will be used to fund a nursing heritage museum in BC.



Aitken, Barbara B. Local Histories of Ontario Municipalities 1987-1997: A Bibliography. Vol. 3. Hamilton: Ontario Genealogical Society, n.d. Previous volumes cover 1951-1977 and 1977-1987. [OHS Bulletin, no. 121 (September 1999): 7].

Bailyn, Bernard. On the Teaching and Writing of History. Hanover, New Hampshire: University Press of New England, 1994.

Brodie, Barbara. "Message from the Director." Windows in Time 7 (February 1999): 1-2. The need for writers of nursing history to combine the art of storytelling with rigorous research.

Brodie, Barbara. "Message from the Director." Windows in Time 7 (September 1999): 1-2. The importance of making the personal courage of nurses visible.

Butler, Lorna, and Diana Ginn. "Canadian Nurses' Views on Assignment of Publication Credit for Scholarly and Scientific Work." Canadian Journal of Nursing Research 30 (Spring 1998): 171-183.

Cutcliffe, John R. and Hugh P. McKenna. "Establishing the Credibility of Qualitative Research Finding: The Plot Thickens." Journal of Advanced Nursing 30, no. 2 (1999): 374-380.

D'Antonio, Patricia. "Revisiting and Rethinking the Rewriting of Nursing History." Bulletin of the History of Medicine 73 (1999): 268-290.

Douglas, Althea. Help! I've Inherited an Attic Full of History. Vol. 1 Dating, Evaluating and Disposing of the Accumulation of a Lifetime. Toronto: Ontario Genealogical Society, n.d. [OHS Bulletin, no. 122 (December 1999): 7].

Dunaway, David K., and Willa K. Baum. eds. Oral History: An Interdisciplinary Anthology. 2nd ed. Walnut Creek, California: Altamira Press, 1996.

Fondiller, Shirley. The Writer's Workbook, 2nd ed. NLN: Jones & Bartlett, 1999. [Bulletin (AAHN), no. 64 (Fall 1999): 9].

The Guide for Integrating History into the Nursing Curriculum. Invitational Nursing History Conference, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. CONTACT: Patricia D'Antonio, 231 Avon Road, Narbeth, PA 19115. [Bulletin (AAHN), no. 63 (Summer 1999):7].

Helmstadter, Carol. "Dismantling [CNA] Library Will Have Destructive Impact." Canadian Nurse 95 (February): 10.

Kitson, Alison. "The Relevance of Scholarship for Nursing Research and Practice." Journal of Advanced Nursing 29, (April 1999): 773-775.

Lynaugh, Joan E. "Editorial." Nursing History Review 8 (2000): 1-2. The importance of writing history as narrative – bringing nurses and nursing events alive – making nursing history a "fun" read.

Magocsi, Paul Robert, ed. Encyclopedia of Canada's Peoples. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1999. Documents the settlement pattern of approximately 119 groups of people.

Mansell, Diana. "Sources in Nursing Historical Research: A Thorny Methodological Problem. Canadian Journal of Nursing Research 30 (March 1999): 219-22. [Originally published Canadian Journal of Nursing Research 27, no. 3 (1995): 83-86].

Marius, Richard. A Short Guide to Writing about History. 2nd ed. New York: Harper Collins College Publishing, 1995. [Internet, 18 December 1999, NURHIS-L c/o Anne Oboyski].

Norman, Elizabeth. "The Amazing World of Commercial Publishing." Bulletin (AAHN), no. 63 (Summer 1999): 6.

Organizing a Healthcare History Program. Rochester, New York: Baker-Cederberg Museum and Archives, n.d. [Internet: <>].

Sullivan, Eleanor. "Yes, Virginia There is a Right Way to Write." Journal of Professional Nursing 15 (January-February 1999): 1-2.

Wolff, Eberhard. "Perspectives on Patients' History: Methodological Considerations on the Example of Recent German-Speaking Literature." Canadian Bulletin of Medical History 15, no. 1 (1998): 207-28.




Lavinia L. Dock Award 1999:

Elizabeth Norman for We Band of Angels: The Untold Story of American Nurses Trapped in Bataan by the Japanese.


Society for Nursing History Award:

Janet Colaizzi for research on psychiatric nursing in Virginia, USA.


Student Research Award:

Mary Ann Krisman-Scott for work on care of the dying.




Hannah General Scholarship, 1999:

Linda Quiney for work on "Assistant Angels: Canadian Women as Voluntary Aid Detachment (VAD) Nurses During and After the Great War."


Hannah Grants-in-Aid, 1999:

Geertje Boschma for "Historical analysis of psychiatric mental health nursing in Alberta 1905-1955."

Doreen A. Evenden for "Reconstructing the practice of a London midwife in the years 1694-1722."




History of Nursing Professional Practice Group Scholarship:

Beverly Leipert for research on the history of public health nursing in Canada.




Veryl Tipliski to continue her doctoral study of the history of psychiatric nursing in Ontario, Manitoba and Saskatchewan.




Julie Fairman to study "Playing Together Nicely? Nurse-Physician Relationships from the Vantage Point of the Nurse Practitioner Movement, 1960-1980."




John Kirchgessner to support research on acute care nursing in the miners' hospitals of West Virginia coal fields 1900-1920.




Monica Baly Bursaries:

Maggie Furness to research the history of paediatric orthopaedic nursing in South Wales, c1949-1999.

Sue Bradley to examine the role of paediatric nurses and parents in open visiting in children's wards 1940-1970.

Stuart Wildman to study the development of nurse training in Birmingham 1869-1900.




Mentored Research Scientist Development Award:

Arlene Keeling to study the history of American coronary care nursing 1945-1985.




Izaak Walton Killam Memorial Scholarship:

Beverly Leipert, who is studying the history of public health nursing in Canada.



Taking a trip to the USA, why not pay your respects to some nurses of the past. Visit a cemetery. [Internet <>].

Clara Louise Maass (1876-1901). An American, Maass is best known as the nurse who gave her life for science. In a medical experiment related to yellow fever, she volunteered to be tested with infected mosquitoes. At the age of 25 years, she died, having been bitten by a mosquito carrying the virulent fever. Buried in Fairmount Cemetery, Newark, New Jersey.

Lillian Wald (1867-1940) founded the Henry Street Settlement in New York City. Buried in Mount Hope Cemetery, Rochester, New York.

Isabel Adams Hampton Robb (1860-1910), was born in Ontario, taught public school in St. Catharines and was a colleague of Mary Agnes Snively. She trained at Bellevue Hospital, New York City, and remained in the USA during her nursing career and married life. Buried in St. Mary's Cemetery, Burlington, New Jersey.


"Cruelty Story Untrue: Red Deer Hospital and Cause of Its Closing." Globe (Toronto), 20 March 1906, p. 1. Reprinted in Globe and Mail 20 March 1999, p. A21. The story that the two nurses at the Red Deer Victorian Order Hospital had been asked to resign because of cruelty to a patient and the hospital permanently closed was contradicted promptly by the VON headquarters in Ottawa. The two nurses, Agnes Dodds and a Miss Davis had resigned because the work was too much for them and the hospital had been closed for repairs.

"General News." Globe (Toronto), 27 April 1900, p. 1. Reprinted in Globe and Mail (Toronto), 27 April 1999, p. A20. An outbreak of smallpox among the nurses at the Winnipeg General forced the Hospital to be placed under close quarantine. The carrier of the disease, who was an Australian on his way to England via Japan, died.



Zerr, Sheila, ed. "Special Memorial Nursing Portrait Collection Issue 1999." History of Nursing News 10 (November 1999): 1-19. The memorial nursing portrait collection of the RNBC History of Nursing Group is a means to raise scholarship funds, pay tribute to a friend, family member or nursing leader, and portray nursing history. To date there are 18 sponsored portraits. For $500 you can ask Sheila to make a doll honouring someone of your choice. CONTACT: c/o Beth Fitzpatrick, Box 444, Brackendale, BC V0N 1H0; TEL: 1-604-898-3156; E-MAIL: <>; WEBSITE: <>.









Countess Ishbel Aberdeen

Founded the Victorian Order of Nurses

Josephine Dyer Rankin

Sheila Rankin Zerr, daughter


A Sister of Providence

Opened St. Paul's H., Vancouver, 1894; School of Nursing, 1907

Katherine Yarko Rumen

Nina Rumen, daughter


Lay Nurse c1720 Acadian Court, Louisbourg, NS

The French settlers of Acadia were dispersed in 1775. Midwifery was the responsibility of the women

Internat'l History of Nursing Conference, Vancouver BC, 1997.

Nina Rumen


Ethel Ruth Flower

Graduated from Vancouver General H, 1920; worked at Rocky Bay Mission H

Archie and Ethel McKenzie

Mary and Melvin Clark, daughter


Student Uniform (1951), Royal Jubilee H

School opened 1891; motto: "Uno Amino" (oneness of mind); over 3,000 graduates

Thurley Mary Duck, 24th President RNABC

Helen Niskala and friends


Northern Nurse and Mountie (RCMP)

Demonstrates advanced knowledge, skill, leadership, courage and heroism.

Alice Smith, first Chief Nursing Consultant, Medical Services Br

Sheila Zerr


Student Uniform (1910s), Jackson City H., Michigan

Odessa was both a nurse practitioner and physician assistant

Odessa (Dolly) P. Shore

Helen Shore, daughter


Ship Boy and Naval Sick Berth Attendant

First known BC nursing c1840

Luella Catherine Entwisle Zilm

Glennis Zilm, daughter, and friends


Student Uniform (1891), Royal Jubilee H

A badge of honour, a source of pride and associated with professional nursing

Sheila J. Rankin Zerr in tribute to Josephine Rankin

Sheila Zerr, Mary Clark and friends



Brad D. Dishan, Librarian, London Psychiatric Hospital, is looking for the Hildegard Peplau audio tape "Illness Maintaining Systems" which may have been made in 1974. ADDRESS: Medical Library, 850 Highbury Avenue North, PO Box 5532, Station B, London, Ontario N6A 4H1. TEL: 519-455-5110 x2167; FAX: 519-455-9986; E-MAIL: mswallow@JULIAN.UWO.CA>. [Internet 21 June 1999, NURHIS-L].

Diana Ritchie has a copy of Esther Lucille Brown's Nursing for the Future inscribed to Elizabeth Moore, thanking her for her "skilled assistance and generous hospitality." Betty Maude Moore had entertained Brown and the faculty of the Royal Jubilee Hospital c1961, 13 years after the publication of Dr. Brown's book. Ritchie would like to know if Moore had contact with Brown on other occasions. ADDRESS: c/o Beth Fitzpatrick, Box 444, Brackendale, BC V0N 1H0; TEL: 604-898-3156; E-MAIL: <>; WEBSITE: <>.

Jayne Elliott, a PhD student at Queen's University, Kingston, is studying Canadian Red Cross outpost hospitals. She would like to interview nurses who worked in these hospitals or nursing stations in Ontario or elsewhere in Canada. ADDRESS: 3349 Clearwater Crescent, Ottawa, Ontario K1V 7S4; TEL: 613-738-7414; E-MAIL: <>.

Jeremy Jolley, Head of the paediatric nursing department at the University of Hull, is researching British paediatric nursing, 1920-1970 and would like to talk with paediatric nurses who worked in the UK during this time. CONTACT: TEL: 01482-466737; E-MAIL: <>.

Joyce Lewis. Not nursing history, but this request was in a recent OHS Bulletin. You may have the answer to Joyce's question. She is trying to identify the initials L.E.M. which appear on photographs and pencil drawings c1860 of rooms decorated for the Christmas season. They were used by Jeanne Minhinnick in a restoration project and identified with the name Merrill. ADDRESS: 16 Walmsley Boulevard, Toronto, Ontario M4V 1X6; TEL/FAX: 416-483-7879.

Judith Zelmanovits, a doctoral student in history at York University, Toronto, is looking for Department of National Health and Welfare outpost nurses who worked with northern Native and Inuit people between 1945 and 1980. ADDRESS: 2 Clubine Court, Aurora, ON L4G 4X7; TEL: 905-727-6393. E-MAIL: <>.

Lynn McDonald, Professor, Department of Sociology, University of Guelph, is seeking historians of nursing to edit and write scholarly introductions for the nursing volume on Nightingale's writings. Other volumes in this project include Nightingale's family, religion, society and politics. These are to be published by the Wilfred Laurier University. ADDRESS: Department of Sociology, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario N1G 2W1, Canada. TEL: 519-824-4120 x2198; FAX: 519-837-9561; E-MAIL: <>. WEBSITE: <>.

Maggie Furness, Assistant Director, Child Branch, School of Nursing Studies, wants to contact nurses who trained or worked with children since 1940 at the Prince of Wales Hospital, Rhyd Lafar, near Cardiff. ADDRESS: University of Wales College of Medicine, University Hospital of Wales, Heath Park, Cardiff, CF4 4XN, UK. TEL: 01222-746695 or 01222-555914.

Mark Chamberlain is seeking information about Williamina Barclay who was a nurse in the Hebridean island of St. Kilda (Herta) 1927-1930. ADDRESS: 22 Field End, Leeds, LS15 0QN, West Yorkshire, UK. TEL: 0113-2604786.

Veryl Tipliski wishes to locate a copy of "The Report on a Study of the Psychiatric Affiliation for Nurses" by Miss Griffith, University of Toronto, Faculty of Nursing, c1956. ADDRESS: 607 Stradbrook Avenue, Winnipeg, MB R3L 0K3; TEL: 204-284-8661; FAX: 204-284-4748; E-MAIL <>.

V.R. Butler. Mrs Butler, RGN, NDNC is seeking information about Rachel, Countess of Dudley, who was active in organising the Australian Country Nursing Association, Melbourne 1910, and District Nursing Associations in Great Britain. For her work during WWI the Countess received the Royal Red Cross medal and a CBE. Mrs. Butler would like to confirm if Rachel participated in organizing any nursing associations in Canada. ADDRESS: 10 Brinton Crescent, Sutton Farm Estate, Kidderminster, Worcestershire, DY11 6NT, England. TEL: 01562 515334.



Dick, B. "Nurses in '40s Gave Children TLC." Toronto Star 2 January 2000, p. D7. B. Dick, a student at the Hospital for Sick Children in the 1940s, describes nursing care on the Infectious Ward. She closes her letter to the editor that much can be learned about caring from the '40s.

Haskin, Colin. "The Tomb of King Tut's Nurse." Globe and Mail (Toronto), 1 December 1999, p. R12. Lady Maia was the official wet nurse of King Tutankhamun. Recently, her rock-cut tomb, which was constructed about 1300 BC, has been uncovered. Lady Maia is described as "one who has fed the god's body [the king]" and as "highly favoured by the good god." Images include the young Tut on her lap.

[Toronto] Star's News Services. "First Step to Sainthood: Bruyere Founded Hospital." Toronto Star 24 July 1999, p. M14. Elisabeth Bruyère founded the General Hospital, a bilingual school and an orphanage, all in Ottawa, and then opened houses in Ontario, Quebec and New York state. She and her Sisters of Charity nursed people during the typhus epidemic of 1847 and the smallpox epidemic of 1871. She died in 1876 at the age of 58. Her Order in Ottawa has asked Rome to declare Bruyère venerable for her work. If the Vatican agrees and two miracles can be attributed to Bruyère's intervention, she will be considered for sainthood.

Taylor, Bill. "Visiting the Graves of Relatives Lost in the `Great War'." Toronto Star 17 April 1999, p. K2. Taylor writes that his grandfather, with an East Yorkshire Regiment, was gassed in WWI near the French town of Cambrin. It was a nurse at the field hospital in France who wrote, on his behalf, to his family in England, letting them know that he was alive.



American Academy of Nursing, Friends of National Institute of Nursing Research, Sigma Theta Tau International, Washington, DC, 15-18 September 1999.

Burke, Kathleen. "The Invisible Actors: The Development and Diffusion of the Pulmonary Artery Catheter."

Connolly, Cynthia. "Prevention through Detention: Nurses and the Tuberculosis Preventorium."

Dawley, Katy. "Nursing Implications of the Campaign to Eliminate the Midwife."

Krisman-Scott, Mary Ann. "The Room at the End of the Hall." [Care of dying Americans post World War II].

Whelan, Jean C. "Expecting Too Much of the Law: The 1938 New York State Nurse Practice Act."



American Association for the History of Nursing, 16th Annual Conference, Newton, Massachusetts, 1-3 October 1999:

Brunk, Quincealea, and Galina Perfiljeva. "The Foundations of `Modern' Nursing in Russia."

Burnam, Mary Ann Bradford. "The Challenge of Erroneous Facts when Researching the Life of Lavinia Lloyd Dock."

Connor, Patricia A. "Angels of the Mercy Fleet: Nursing the Ill and the Wounded Aboard US Navy Hospital Ships in the Pacific during World War II."

Criss, Barbara. "The Spiritual Underpinnings of Frontier Nursing Service: An Analysis of the Letters of Sister Adeline Cashmore to Mary Breckinridge."

Daisy, Carol A. "Keeping the Flame: The Influence of Agnes Ohlson on Licensure and Registration for Nurses, 1936-1963."

Dawley, Katherine. "New Professionals: Public Health Nurse and Nurse-Midwife-Campaigners to Eliminate the Midwife."

Dunphy, Lynne M. "The Steel Cocoon: Tales of Patients of the Iron Lung, the Convergence of Caring and Technology in Nursing in the 1940s and Early 1950s."

Egenes, Karen J. "The Spirit of the Frontier Prevails: The Chamberlain, South Dakota Typhoid Epidemic, 1933."

Fondiller, Shirley H. " Virginia M. Ohlson: Leadership in the Reconstruction of Japanese Nursing during the American Occupation, 1947-1954."

Hammer, Marjorie S., and D. Jeanette Nichols. "Finding They're There: The History of the Women Who Created the Baby Hospital."

Krimmel, Dean A. "Coming to Terms with the Past: University of Maryland School of Nursing Living History Museum."

Lusk, Brigid. "Stern, Plain, and Heroic: Trained Nurses in Family Magazines, 1880-1928."

Marshall, Elaine Sorenson. "Religion, Gender, and Autonomy: 19th Century Latter-Day Saint Women in Nursing and Medicine."

Nehring, Wendy M. "Nursing in Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities, 1950-1980."

Olson, Tom. "Too Small to be a Nurse: The Story of Rosie Chang, 1918-."

Richardson, Sharon. "The Origins of Canadian Public Health Nursing, 1905-1929."

Robinson, Thelma. "Cadet Nurses of World War II: Winning the War on the Home Front."

Taipale, Susanna. "Angels of Mercy: The Imagery of Military Nurses during the Vietnam War Era."

Toman, Cynthia. "Crossing the Technological Line: Blood Transfusion and the Art and Science of Nursing, 1942-1990."

Wall, Barbara Mann. "Autonomous Women or Subservient Nuns: Religion, Institution Building, and Nursing Activities of Catholic Sisters, 1865-1915."

Whelan, Jean C. "Smaller and Cheaper: The Chicago Hourly Nursing Service, 1926-1957."

Wickham, Ann. "The Swiftest and Most Remarkable Reform or Contested Issues: A Case Study in the Development of Nurse Training in Ireland."

Wolfe, Karen Anne. "Building a Bridge between Nursing and Feminism: The Life and Work of Jo Ann Ashley."



Associated Medical Services/Hannah Conference, York University, Toronto, 5-6 November 1999. (Courtesy of Dr. Heather MacDougall]:

Craig, Barbara L. "The Future of Historical Sources: Archives, Books and Bibliographies in an Electronic World."

Richardson, Sharon. "Nursing Propagandist Extraordinaire: Kathleen Ellis during WWII."

Stuart, Meryn. "`We Got Convoys All Night': The Organization of Nursing Work in Canadian Military Hospitals in First World War France."



Australian Society of the History of Medicine, Biennial Conference, Sidney, Australia, 7-10 July 1999. [Courtesy of Dr. Judith Godden]:

Adibi, Hossein, and Angela Cushing. "Florence Nightingale and Indigenous Health."

Callaghan, Helen. "Margaret Myles: A Midwifery Institution."

Crookes, Patrick, Glenn Mitchell, Margaret Wallace, and Ken Russell. "What If Florence Nightingale Met Evidence Based Practice?"

Dow, Derek A. "Reviled Authors? Commissioned Historians."

Forsyth, Sue. "Victim or Villain? A Re-Examination of the Career of Frances Gillam Holden." [Lady Superintendent, Sidney Hospital for Sick Children 1880-1887].

Hicks, Megan. "Exhibiting the History of Health: Signs and Symptoms of Change."

Jack, Sybil M. "Why the Status of the Midwife Declined and Male Accoucheurs Came to Dominate Childbirth from the Seventeenth Century in Europe: Some Suggestions."

Maggs, Christopher. "Who Are the Professionals in Nursing History?"

Maggs, Christopher. "The Re-Casualisation of the Nursing Labour Force at the End of the Twentieth Century: A Comparison with the End of the Nineteenth Century."

Nelson, Sioban. "Hairdressing and Nursing: Presentation of Self and Professional Formation in Colonial Australia."

Russell, Fiona, and Mikala Five. "The Window of Memory." [Stained glass window to WWII nurses who trained at the War Memorial Hospital].

Taksa, Lucy. "Handmaiden of Industrial Welfare or Armed Combatant? Conflicting Perspectives of Industrial Nursing at the Eveleigh Railway Workshops After World War Two."

Turner, Charne, and Jocalyn Lawler. "Uncovering Nursing's Traditional Practice/s: Foucault's The Archaeology of Knowledge as a Means of Researching the Historical Roots of Nursing Knowledge."

Canadian Association for the History of Nursing/Association canadienne pour l'histoire du nursing, Edmonton, Alberta, 18-20 June 1999. [Courtesy of Dr. Margaret M. Allemang]:

Beaton, Janet. "The Struggle for Baccalaureate Nursing Education at West China Union University, 1940-1950."

Boschma, Geertje. "The Introduction of Somatic Treatments in Dutch Asylums: Implications for Mental Health Nurses, 1890-1920."

Brunk, Quincealea. "Activists for Change: Early Contributions for Improved Patient Outcomes."

Brunk, Quincealea, and Galina Perfiljeva. "Before the Tsar was Gone: Russian Nursing during the Great War."

English, Mary Ann. "A Journey of Challenge and Joy in the Evolution of a School of Nursing at a Land Grant Institution in the United States."

Godkin, Dianne. "The Evolution of the Canadian Code of Ethics for Nursing: From Miss Manners to Ms/Mr. Right."

Lamontagne, Esther. "A Social History of Nursing in Quebec, 1870-1970: The Construction of a Professional Identity."

Leipert, Beverly, Judy Mill, and Susan Duncan. "A Tale of Two Jurisdictions: Public Health Nursing in Alberta and British Columbia, 1918-1939."

Mansell, Diana, and Carolee Pollock. "The View from the Other Side: Patient Experiences of Hospital Care in the 1980s and 1990s."

Marck, Patricia. "Speaking Up in Health Care: A Search for Nurses' Voices in Alberta in 1913."

McPherson, Kathryn. "`... rightly regarded as an indispensable public utility...': Nursing and the Construction of the Canadian Welfare State, 1920-1970." [Hannah Lecture].

Miller, Elissa. "Against the Odds: Mary Breckenridge, Vinnie Garrison, Linnie Beauchamp and Mary Emma Smith – Pioneers in the Development of Public Health Nursing in Arkansas, 1917-1930."

Mychajlunow, Lorraine, Geertje Boschma, and Olive Yonge. "Sources for Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing in Alberta."

Paul, Pauline, and Janet Ross-Kerr. "The Politics of Tuberculosis: Establishing Treatment Programs in Northern Alberta, 1920-1950."

Richardson, Sharon. "`Barely Tolerated': Degree Nursing at the University of Alberta, 1924-1966."

Richardson, Sharon. "`Stand and Deliver': Gertrude Hall at the Calgary General Hospital, 1952 to 1960."

Smith, Susan L., and Donna Wilson. "Nursing the Dying in Twentieth-Century Canada."

Stuart, Meryn, and Lynn Kirkwood. "A Clear Direction for Nursing: Moyra Allen and the McGill University School of Nursing, 1960-1994."

Toman, Cynthia. "Crossing the Technological Line: Blood Transfusion and the Art and Science of Nursing, 1942-1990."

Warbinek, Ethel. "Celebrating the Memories: Vancouver General Hospital School of Nursing, 1899-1998."

Wells, Donna L. "A History of Ideas in Nursing."

Winans, Patricia. "A Narrative Inquiry into Pioneer Canadian Nursing: Charting the Footsteps of Georgina Powell."

Young, Judy. "Public Health Nurses, Teachers and Open Air Schooling in Toronto, 1910-1945."

Young, Susan. "Nurses' Fight for Autonomy: Political Action in Alberta, 1969."

Young, Susan, Pauline Paul, and Janet Ross-Kerr. "The Historical Method: What It is and What It is Not."

Zilm, Glennis. "Search for a Photo of Margaret Etta Johnson or the Importance of Primary Sources in Historical Research."



Canadian Society for the History of Medicine, Annual Meeting, Sherbrooke, QC, 4-6 June 1999:

Lux, Maureen. "`The Nearest Thing to an Angel on Earth': Native Medicine and Midwifery on the Prairies."

Young, Judith. "The Benefits of Cold Fresh Air: Open Air Schooling in Toronto 1910-45."



Center for Nursing Historical Inquiry (CNHI) (University of Virginia), January-November 1999:

Connor, Patricia. "`Angels of Mercy': World War II Navy Nurses Serving on Hospital Ships, 1943-45."

Cook, Katharine. "`Invaluable Help to Suffering Humanity': Bon Secours Sisters Visit the Poor, 1881-1919."

Ganske, Kathryn. "Vietnam Nurses: Their Search for Recognition."

Keeling, Arlene. "From Handmaidens to Nurse/Physician Colleagues: The Rise of Nurse Clinicians in Coronary Care."

Wyatt, Tami. "Silent Nurses and Contraception in Twentieth Century America."


Center for Nursing Historical Inquiry (CNHI) (University of Virginia), annual Agnes Dillon Randolph award ceremony, 25 March 1999:

Reverby, Susan. "`Truth' and the Search for Nurse Rivers: Re-Thinking the Tuskegee Syphilis Study."


Center for Nursing Historical Inquiry (CNHI) (University of Virginia), annual Agnes Dillon Randolph award ceremony, 25 March 2000:

Buhler-Wilkerson, Karen. "No Place Like Home: Caring for the Sick, 1880-1965."



Center for the Study of the History of Nursing (University of Pennsylvania), 21 October 1999:

Nelson, Sioban. "Colonizing Care: Vowed Women, Free Enterprise and Nursing in the New World."

Cinderella Services at South Bank University, London, England, 15-16 April 1999:

Andrews, Jonathan. "Nursing the Mentally Ill and Disabled in Britain before 1800: The History and Historiography."

Booth, Steve. "Uncovering the Lived Experiences of Nurse Educators 1948-1970."

Bradley, Sue. "Suffer the Little Children: The Influence of Nurses and Parents in the Evolution of Open Visiting in Children's Wards 1940-1970."

Brand, Pauline. "The Caravan Clinics." [Birth control and special midwives since 1927].

Brooks, Jane. "Before Nightingale: Is the Truth Really Out There?" [The importance of relevant archival sources].

Bryczynska, Gosia. "Parish Nursing." [Hanna Chrzanowska in Poland c1950s].

Chatterton, Claire. "Women in Mental Health Nursing: Angels or Custodians."

Fox, Enid. "Falling at the Last Fence: District Nursing's Mismanaged Inclusion in the National Health Service."

Godsell, Matthew. "Identifying Priorities in Services for People with Learning Difficulties."

Hallet, Christine. "Eighteenth Century Nursing: `Dark Age Craft' or `Enlightened Pragmatism'?"

Hapton, John. "Missed Opportunities on Mental Health Nursing."

Kenny, Christine. "The Layer Out."

Kirby, Stephanie. "Cinderella Services – Cinderella Capital." [Lack of a single London health authority and missed opportunities].

Lindsay, Bruce. "An Atmosphere of Recognition and Respect? Sick Children's Nurses and `Medical Men' 1880-1930."

Lorenzton, Maria. "Nurses' Education at the London Homeopathic Hospital (1903-1947): Preparation for Professional Specialists or Marginalised Cinderellas?"

Mitchell, Duncan. "The Development of Learning Disability Nursing."

Mortimer, Barbara. "The Massive Condescension of Posterity: The Unreformed Nurse in Nineteenth Century Scottish Writing."

Rolph, Sheena. "The Queen of El Dorado." [Career of a matron of a hostel for women with learning disabilities].

Russell, David. "Wiltshire County Asylum Attendants and Nurses 1878-1903: A Window on Victorian Sobriety."

Stevens, Andy. "The Contribution of Women Managers of Institutions to the Development of Mental Deficiency Nursing Training and Practice before 1931."

Svedburg, Gunnel. "Prolonged Bath as Treatment: Caring and Restraint in Sweden during the First Half of the Twentieth Century."

Webster, Charles. "The Failure of Public Health under the National Health Service."

Weir, Rosemary. "Medical and Nursing Education in the 19th Century – Some Comparisons and Comments."

White, Edward. "Community Mental Health Nursing in the UK: An Interpretation of History."

Wright, David. "Pauper Nurses: The Cinderella Story of Nursing History."



Community Services Centre Royal Alexander Hospital, Edmonton, Alberta, 13 May 1999. [Courtesy of Dr. Shirley Stinson]:

Daniel, Captain Vanessa. ["Canadian Military Nursing History."]



Coquitlam Public Library, British Columbia, December 1998:

Tremere, Anna. "History of Mental Health Nursing [in British Columbia]."



Heritage Toronto, 14 October 1999:

Riegler, Natalie. "Jean I. Gunn: Nursing Leader – `Even the Doctors Wouldn't Step on Her Toes'."



History of Nursing Professional Practice Group (RNABC), St. Paul's Hospital, Vancouver, 13 March 1999:

Holzman, Shirley, and Ruth McIlraith. "Technological Changes in Renal Care: An Historical Review."



International Council of Nurses, London, England, 27 June-1 July 1999. [Courtesy of Carol Helmstadter]:

Äkrabec, Martina. "Beginnings of Midwife Education in Ljubljana." [Slovenia].

Averis, Andrea. "Nurse Practitioners Down Under: Recognising the Past, Valuing the Present and Exploring the Future."

Barber, Judith Anne. "Weeds and Flowers: Cleanliness and the Colonial Nurse." [Late 1800s Australia]

Birnbach, Nettie. "Nurse Registration and the British/American Connection: An Historical View."

Boschma, Geertje. "Preservation of Documents for Historical Research in Nursing."

Bozan, Vesna. "Development of Family Nursing in Croatia."

Buhler Wilkerson, Karen. "Experiments in Health Care: Nursing Innovations Past and Future."

Burgess, Wendy Kent. "Universal Mothers: Feminine Charity, Nightingale and Visiting Nursing."

Chica, Ana María Alvarez. "Universos Simbolicos e Imaginarios de la Enfermería."

Church, Olga Maranjian. "The Right Person at the Right Time and Place: Hildegard Peplau's Leadership."

Denis, Mardi, Elaine Kilpatrick, and Aline Fowlow. "Canadian Occupational Health Nursing: Claiming the Future from Humble Beginnings."

Donahue, Patricia. "Isabel Maitland Stewart: International Leader in Nursing Education."

Doona, Mary Ellen. "The Confidential Report on Crimean Nursing."

Durdin, Joan. "London Hospital Nurses in Colonial South Australia."

Egenes, Karen. "From Britain to Blockley: Nightingale Influences on the Development of Philadelphia Nursing."

Fealy, Gerard M. "The Way We Were: The Possibilities in Researching Irish Nursing's History."

Forsyth, Sue. "The Enigmatic Second President of the International Council of Nurses: Susan McGahey."

Francillon, Denise, and Margarita Cambra-Duval. "La Création du CII et ses influences sur les Associations professionnelles infirmières en Suisse (1896-1940)." [Le Conseil International des Infirmères].

George, Valerie D. "Transitioning through Time, Yesterday and Tomorrow: The Cleveland Council of Black Nurses."

Gibbon, Carolyn. "Contemporary Student Nurses and Florence Nightingale."

Hallett, Christine, and Jane E. Brooks. "Nursing Education in 20th Century Britain: The Emergence of a Discipline."

Helmstadter, Carol. "Nineteenth Century Nursing at the Queen Elizabeth II Conference Centre." [Westminister Hospital, UK].

Hemmings, Lynn. "Nurses First, Army Second: An Oral History of Nurses in Vietnam."

Heydman, Abby M. "Florence Nightingale: The Venereal Disease Act of 1864 – Lessons Learned."

Jones, Sue. "The Role of the RCN Society of Paediatric Nursing, Past, Present & Future."

Kalnins, Irene. "Florence Nightingale International Courses: Development and Role in Public Health Nursing."

Karosas, Laima. "From Registration to Education: The ICN's Move Away from Politics, 1899-1947."

Kataoka, Mari. "History of Nursing Involvement Especially in Incurable and Infectious Diseases."

Keith, Jocelyn, Jean Watson, and Louise Selanders. "Claiming Nursing's Future through Understanding the Past: The Vision of Florence Nightingale."

Kirby, Stephanie. "Professionals for Paupers: British Poor Law Nursing and the Campaign for State Registration."

Kourkouta, Lambrini, and Vassiliki Lanara. "The First Strike of Nursing Staff in Greece." [1920].

Kyasova, Miroslava. "The Development and Role of the Czech Society of Nurses."

Lewenson, Sandra. "`Of Logical Necessity...They Hang Together': Nursing and the Woman's Movement, 1901-1912."

Lumby, Judy. "United We Stand." [Australian nurses, politics and quality care].

MacFarlane, Alison. "Where to be Born? Florence Nightingale's Use of Statistics in the Debate."

Malchau, Susanne. "Nuns and Leadership in Nursing – Possibilities and Limitations."

Manthey, Marie E. "From Nightingale to Henderson to the 21st Century."

Mayer, Susan Lee. "Luba Bielicka-Blum: Genius Nursing Leader or `Old Cow'." [1925 graduate of Jewish Hospital Training School for Nurses, Warsaw, Poland].

McKay, Bernadette. "Letters of Rhoda Evalyn Bowman, RN."

McConnell, Edwina. "`So Much to Write About': A Day in the Life of Elinor Delight Gregg, World War I Nurse."

Mill, Judy E. "Health Evangelism? Public Health Nursing in Canada, 1918-1939."

Miller, Elissa Lane. "From Private Philanthropy to Public Policy: The Origins of Public Health Nursing in Arkansas."

Mintjes, Joke. "Past and Future of the Society for Nursing Scientists `VerVe' in the Netherlands."

Mortimer, Barbara E. "Professional Women? Career Patterns of Nurses in Early Nineteenth Century Scotland."

Mosley, Marie O. Pitts. "A History of Black Leaders in Nursing."

Nelson, Sioban. "The Australian Nursing History Project `Preserving Nursing Heritage, Developing Nursing Scholarship'."

O'Toole, Marie, Patricia S. Jones, and Genevieve Gray. "The Vietnam Nursing Partnership Model – Empowering Nurses to Claim the Future."

Palha, Pedro Fredemir, Emilia Luigia Saporiti Angerami, and Teresa Cristina Scatena Villa. "Memorias de lo vivido – La lucha por la salud en el medio rural de Ijuí/RS-BRASIL (1957-1980)."

Pepin, Jacinthe, Yolande Cohen, Esther Lamontagne, and André Duquette. "Enjeux sociopolitiques de la création et du dévelopement de la Faculté des sciences infirmières de l'Université de Montréal (1967-1997)."

Piercey, Carol. "Interpreting the Milestones, to Build a Brighter Future." [Nurse education in Western Australia].

Rawls, Kathleen G. "Towards a `Great International Sisterhood': The ICN in 1899."

Rinker, Sylvia. "No Amount of Ice can Soothe this New Mother: Evolution of Obstetric Nursing."

Russell, R. Lynette, and Rosalie Pratt. "A Tale of Two Women: Australian Nurse Leaders." [Muriel Knox Doherty and Olive Eva Anstey].

Sallee, Anna. "Living History – A Story of the Lived Experiences of Older Nurses."

Savage, Jan. "Nursing's Embrace of Culture as a Historically Specific Gesture."

Stammers, Pauline. "Handmaiden to Professional, a 150 Year Quest."

Steiner-Freud, Judith. "Quarter of a Century in Perspective: A Look at the Alumni of the Hadassah School of Nursing, Jerusalem, Israel."

Stevens, Susan. "Unsung Guardians: Nurses during Plagues." [1918-1954].

Strodtman, Linda K. "`Lost to Nursing'– the Effects of Womanhood on Nursing's Professional Development."

Suárez, Nidia Hernández, and Selva Chirico Navarro. "ANA PACKER, Enfermera Communitaria. De Inglaterra a Uruguay." [Ana Packer, born 1844 in Yorkshire, England, practised nursing in Uruguay since 1882, died there in 1930].

Sweet, Helen. "What Price Professionalism?" [Professionalism and public health nursing].

Takahashi, Aya. "Who put the `I' in the ICN?: Gender, Internationalism and the Experience of Japanese Nurses before World War II."

Tallberg, Marianne. "Sophie Mannerheim: Leader of the ICN 1922-1925."

Widerquist, JoAnn G. "`This is the Service I have to Give': Two Missionary Nurses in Taigu, China 1933-1951." [Isabel Hemingway and Mary Dewar].

Williams, Ann Katherine. "Living, Working and Dying in a State Mental Hospital in New South Wales 1900-1930."

Yevstifeyeva, Svetlana. "The History of Russian Nursing."

Zakiah, Datin Paduka Dayang Hajah Rokiah Binti Haji. "Towards a Centre of Excellence in Nursing: Brunei Darussalam."

Zwanger, Lea. "Israel's Preparation of African Nurses: An Historical Overview."



International Network for the History of Hospitals, University of East Anglia/Great Hospital, Norwich, 12-13 November 1999:

Robbins, Kevin. "Constructing a Public Trust: Innovative Medical Charity, Nursing, and the Politics of Lay Piety at Beaune's Hotel Dieu, c1550."


Margaret M. Allemang Centre for the History of Nursing on 23 October 1999 in Sudbury, Ontario:

Kathryn McPherson. "`...Rightly Regarded as an Indispensable Public Utility...': Nursing and the Construction of the Canadian Welfare State, 1920-1970."



"Newfoundland and the Great War Conference", Memorial University, St. John's, Newfoundland, 12-14 November 1998:

Philpott, Mary. "`Fancy you Fancying Me': Voices of Newfoundland Nurses Overseas in the Great War."



Nursing Archives Associates (Boston University) with the Lucy Lincoln Drown Nursing History Society: Massachusetts Nurses Association, annual meeting, 26 April 1999:

Uustal, Diann B. "From Etiquette to Ethics."



Registered Nurses' Association of British Columbia, Westminister Chapter:

Flynn, Brenda. "Vancouver Monuments to Nurses."



Royal College of Nursing (UK), History of Nursing Congress Fringe Event, March 1999:

Kirby, Stephanie. "Where have All the Nice Gels Gone? A Century of Nursing Recruitment Crises."



Royal College of Nursing (UK), History of Nursing Society, Belfast, Ireland, April 1999:

Grey, Mona. "Miss Grey takes a Pictorial, Historical Ramble through the Profession of Nursing in the Twentieth Century, with a focus on the Ulster Way." [Videocassette].



Women, Science & Health in Post-War North America, York University, Toronto, 5-6 March 1999:

Charles, Aline. "Un travail fèminin qui s'éclipse: les religieuses hospitalières au Québec 1940-1980."

Flynn, Karen. "African-Canadian Nurses in Post-War Ontario."

McPherson, Kathryn. "Nursing the Reserve: Public Health Nurses and Prairie Aboriginal Health."

Sharpe, Mary. "The Renaissance of Ontario Midwifery and Doctors' Home Birth Practices in the 1970's: Correspondence, Influence and Interconnection."

Zelmanovits, Judith. "`Midwife Preferred': Maternity Care in Outpost Nursing Stations in Northern Ontario, 1945-1970."



Brown, Kingsley. "Albertha Francis [28 January 1914-1 November 1999]." Albertha was a certified midwife and graduate of St. Luke's Hospital, Bradford, Yorkshire. In 1968 she found a home and public health work among the Acadians in the village of Monk's Head, near Antigonish, Nova Scotia. Albertha paid for her house by working 15 years in the psychiatric wards of the Bellevue Hospital, New York City. She was a loving, caring and humble person.

Decter, Ann. "Anne Glass Ross [25 September 1911-14 August 1998]." Globe and Mail (Toronto), 3 March 1999, p. A20. Ann graduated in nursing from the University of Manitoba. She worked at the Mount Carmel community health clinic in Winnipeg from 1948-1985; founded the AGR Health Associates; received the Order of Canada, and an honorary doctorate from Ryerson Polytechnic University. In November 1998 her book about Mount Carmel, Clinic With a Heart, was published.

Downey, Donn. "Esther Warlters Dickinson: Around the World in Seven Years: Former Nurse and Her Husband were Only Crew on Yacht That Circumnavigated the Globe [12 September 1909-20 September 1999]." Globe and Mail (Toronto), 28 September 1999, p. A19. Esther trained at St. Thomas' Hospital, London and worked through the London blitz. At the age of 63, she and her husband sailed their yacht, the Kapduva around the world.

LeBlanc, Louise. "Ivy Jane Bradbury: Nursing Career Took Her from Japan to Quebec [4 July 1906-1998]." Globe and Mail (Toronto), 31 May 1999, p. A19. Ivy opened the first maternity ward at the Chicoutimi hospital.

Small, Peter. "Frances Barbara [Mole] Fisher, Seniors' Care Advocate. [1935-15 October 1999]." Toronto Star 18 October 1999, p. B7. Barbara graduated from the Toronto East General Hospital (TEGH) School of Nursing in 1957 and obtained a BScN from the University of Toronto in 1977. Her nursing career included working at Eaton's, the College of Nursing, and as, a head nurse at TEGH, director of nursing at Toronto's Lyndhurst Hospital, a government inspector of nursing standards in long care facilities and finally as a consultant to a Parry Sound home for the aged.

Swainson, Gail. "Sally Quan, Educator, Activist and Nurse [1944-25 December 1999." Toronto Star 5 January 2000, p. B5. Sally was a professor of nursing, George Brown College, a founder of the Filipino Nurses Association, founding president of the Chinese General Hospital Nurses Alumni, and president of the Silayan Community Centre. She had recently been chosen as one of the 100 most outstanding Filipino Canadians.

Zelmer, Kay. "Elsie Anderson Grimes-Demers [9 June 1913-13 December 1999]". Globe and Mail (Toronto), 5 January 2000, p. A18. Elsie Craig Anderson graduated from the Holy Family Hospital, Prince Albert in 1935. As well as nursing in Saskatchewan and Alberta (Calgary and Edmonton), she worked as the Evening Supervisor at the Winnipeg Shriner's Hospital 1952-1961. A strong-willed, independent, proud person, she was "at her best when there was someone to care for."



Hill, Arlene. "Did Nurses Die for This?" Toronto Star 28 May 1999, p. A25. Arlene Hill's great aunt, Nursing Sister Margaret Lowe, was killed in France during a German bombing raid on a hospital in May 1918. Lowe was a graduate of the Winnipeg General Hospital. The photograph included with this letter is a stark reminder of the deaths caused by war. In the foreground, Nursing Sisters are placing a wreath and name plate on the grave of Sister Gladys Maud Mary Wake of Victoria BC, the second Canadian nurse to die from wounds received during an air raid in France, WWI. The three nurses are surrounded by open and covered graves. In the background are temporary wooden crosses of the already buried, row upon row. This is not a picture of white crosses, poppies and verdant grass; it is of graves made and in the making, surrounded by mounds of earth.

"Mary Breckenridge Stamp Issued." Bulletin (AAHN), no. 63 (Summer 1999): 7. A 77 cent postage stamp issued by the United States in 1999. Breckenridge founded the Frontier Nursing Service in the USA.

"Paying Tribute for Remembrance Day at the Nursing Memorial in the Centre Block of Parliament Hill." Canadian Nurse 95 (February 1999): 14.



Kay Keith. "Farewell to Okemow (Memories of Moose Factory)." [Courtesy of Dr. Shirley Stinson].



Canadian Bulletin of Medical History. A peer reviewed publication of the Canadian Society for the History of Medicine is looking for authors. CONTACT: Dr. Cheryl Krasnick Warsh, Editor-in-Chief, Department of History, Malaspina University College, 900 Fifth St., Nanaimo, BC V9R 5S5. E-MAIL: <>.

Delmar Publishing is looking for candidates to develop a history of nursing text for academic and retail use. CONTACT: Matt Filimonov, Editor, Delmar Publishing, P.O. Box 15015, Albany, New York 12212-5015.

European Journal of Women's Studies. Is the journal of the European feminist studies organization, WISE. WISE promotes women's studies on an European and international basis. CONTACT: WISE, Heidelberglaan 2, 3584 CS Utrecht, Netherlands; FAX: (31-30) 2531277; E-MAIL: <>.

Journal of Women's History. E-MAIL: <>.

Kritika: Explorations in Russian and Eurasian History. CONTACT: KRITIKA, Department of History, 2115 Key Hall, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742-7315; E-MAIL: <>.



Arrizabalaga, Jon. Review of La asistencia sanitaria a los sifilíticos: el Hospital del Espíritu Santo de Sevilla (1587-1837), by Consolación Martinez Garcia and MariaTeresa López Diaz. Newsletter (INHH), no.3 (September 1999): 3-4.

Arseneault, Anne-Marie. Review of Prepared to Care: Nurses and Nursing in Alberta, 1859-1996, by Janet C. Ross-Kerr. Newsletter (CAHN/ACHN), 12 (Autumn 1999): 14.

Borst, Charlotte G. Review of Listen to Me Good: The Life Story of a Alabama Midwife, by Margaret Charles Smith and Linda Janet Holmes. Bulletin of the History of Medicine 72 (Spring 1998): 159-161.

Brown, Jane. Review of Gender and the Professional Predicament in Nursing, by Celia Davies. International History of Nursing Journal 4 (Winter 1998/1999): 48.

Bryant, Sue C. Review of Hospital Days: Reminiscence of a Civil War Nurse, by Jane Stuart Woolsey. Nursing History Review 8 (2000): 205-206.

Church, Olga Maranjian. Review of Bedside Seductions: Nursing and the Victorian Imagination, 1830-1880, by Catherine Judd. Nursing History Review 8 (2000): 186-188.

Collins, Sheila. Review of The Nightingale Training School 1860-1996, by Roy Wake. International History of Nursing Journal 4 (Summer 1999): 42-43.

Connor, Patricia A. Review of No Time for Fear, by Diane Burke Fessler. Nursing History Review 8 (2000): 209-210. [World War II American military nurses].

Davis, Sandra Kress. Review of Purity and Pollution: Gender, Embodiment, and Victorian Medicine, by Alison Bashford. Nursing History Review 8 (2000): 192-194.

Dopson, Laurence. Review of Memories of the NHS, by Tony Highfield, ed. International History of Nursing Journal 4 (Winter 1998/1999): 50.

Dopson, Laurence. Review of Memories of the NHS, by Scan Ward, ed. International History of Nursing Journal 4 (Winter 1998/1999): 50.

Dwyer, Ellen. Review of Dorothea Dix: New England Reformer, by Thomas J. Brown. Bulletin of the History of Medicine 73 (Winter 1999): 714-715.

Erickson, Grace P. Review of Nursing History and the Politics of Welfare, by Anne Marie Rafferty, Jane Robinson, and Ruth Elkan, eds. Nursing History Review 8 (2000): 195-197.

Forster, Elborg. Review of The King's Midwife: A History and Mystery of Madame du Coudray, by Nina Rattner Gelbart. Bulletin of the History of Medicine 73 (Fall 1999): 503-504.

Ganske. Kathryn M. Review of G. I. Nightingales: The Army Nurse Corps in World War II, by Barbara Brooks Tomblin. Nursing History Review 8 (2000): 204-203.

Glass, Laurie K. Review of Virginia Avenel Henderson: Signature for Nursing, by Eleanor Krohn Herrman, ed. Nursing History Review 8 (2000): 188-189.

Johnson, Patricia. Review of Sick and Tired of Being Sick and Tired: Black Women's Health Activism in America 1890-1950, by Susan L. Smith. International History of Nursing Journal 4 (Winter 1998/1999): 46.

Johnson, Patricia. Review of Labour of Love – The History of the Nurses' Association in Queensland 1860-1950, by Glenda Strachan. International History of Nursing Journal 4 (Winter 1998/1999): 47.

Jones, Anne Hudson. Review of Bedside Seductions: Nursing and the Victorian Imagination, 1830-1880, by Catherine Judd. Bulletin of the History of Medicine 73 (Winter 1999): 713-714.

Lewenson, Sandra Beth. Review of Critical Care Nursing: A History, by Julie Fairman and Joan Lynaugh. Nursing History Review 8 (2000): 189-190.

Nuttall, Peggy. Review of Nursing at Guy's 1726-1996, by [Mavis Fabling]. International History of Nursing Journal 4 (Summer 1999): 41.

Review of Medicine for the Soul: The Life, Death and Resurrection of an English Medieval Hospital, by Carole Rawcliffe. Newsletter (INHH), no. 3 (September 1999): 4.

Review of Mending Bodies, Saving Souls: A History of Hospitals, by Guenter B. Risse. Newsletter (INHH), no. 3 (September 1999): 4.

Richardson, Bonnie L. Review of Jean I. Gunn: Nursing Leader, by Natalie Riegler. Nursing History Review 8 (2000): 201-202.

Richardson, Sharon. Review of Critical Care Nursing: A History, by Julie Fairman and Joan Lynaugh. Western Journal of Nursing Research 21 (February 1999): 106-10.

Romaine-Davis, Ada. Review of In and Out of Harm's Way: A History of the Navy Nurse Corps, by Doris M. Sterner. Bulletin of the History of Medicine 72 (Winter 1998): 792-94.

Romaine-Davis, Ada. Review of She Answered Every Call: The Life of Public Health Nurse Mona Gordon Wilson (1894-1981), by Douglas O. Baldwin. Bulletin of the History of Medicine 73 (Spring 1999): 165-167.

Romaine-Davis, Ada. Review of Critical Care Nursing: A History, by Julie Fairman and Joan Lynaugh. Bulletin of the History of Medicine 73 (Summer 1999): 350-351.

Smith, Maude M. Review of When All the World was Young, by Ferrol Sams. Bulletin (AAHN), no. 64 (Fall 1999): 7. [Written by a physician as a novel, but includes nursing practices during WWII].

Smith, Susan L. Review of Granny Midwives and Black Women Writers: Double-Dutched Readings, by Valerie Lee. Bulletin of the History of Medicine 72 (Winter 1998): 795-797.

Smith, Susan L. Review of Midwives, Society and Childbirth: Debates and Controversies in the Modern Period, by Hilary Markland and Anne Marie Rafferty, eds. Bulletin of the History of Medicine 72 (Winter 1998): 797-798.

Sofer, Dalia. Interview with author and Review of We Band of Angels: The Untold Story of American Nurses Trapped on Bataan by the Japanese, by Elizabeth M. Norman. American Journal of Nursing 99 (September 1999): 33-35.

Sofer, Dalia. Review of The True Story of U.S. Army Nurses Behind Enemy Lines, by Agnes Jensen Mangerich, Evelyn M. Monahan and Rosemary L. Neidel. American Journal of Nursing 99 (September 1999): 33-35.

Studdy, S. J. Review of Learning to Care – A History of Nursing and Midwifery Education at the Royal London Hospital 1740-1993, by Edith R. Parker and Sheila M. Collins. International History of Nursing Journal 4 (Summer 1999): 40-41.

Sweet, Helen. Review of The Oral History Reader, by Robert Perks and Alistair Thompson, eds. International History of Nursing Journal 4 (Summer 1999): 43.

Trought, Elizabeth A. Review of Alaska's Search for a Killer: A Seafaring Medical Adventure, 1946-1948, by Susan Meredith. Nursing History Review 8 (2000): 191-192. [A floating health clinic].

Weir, Rosemary. Review of Nursing History and the Politics of Welfare, by Anne Marie Rafferty, Jane Robinson and Ruth Elkan, eds. International History of Nursing Journal 4 (Winter 1998/1999): 49.

Zilm, Glennis. Review of Nobody Ever Wins a War: The World War I Diaries of Ella Mae Bongard, RN, by Eric Scott, ed. History of Nursing News 9 (February 1999): 8-9.

Zilm, Glennis. Review of Nobody Ever Wins a War: The World War I Diaries of Ella Mae Bongard, RN, by Eric Scott, ed. Newsletter (CAHN/ACHN), 12 (Spring 1999): 8-9.



King, Alyson. "Teaching On-Line: An Informal Report." CCWH Newsletter (Spring 1999): 9-11. For further information you can contact Alyson by E-MAIL: <>.

A Post-Graduate Diploma Course in Edinburgh, Scotland was established in May 1999 at the Queen Margaret University College in partnership with the RCN Institute in Scotland. This is a modular program and students can work at home or attend summer school. It is possible to finish the course in three years of part-time study. There are plans for a Masters degree in the future. The teaching team includes Christopher Maggs and Anne Marie Rafferty. CONTACTS: Barbara Mortimer, Lecturer, Nursing Studies, Queen Margaret University College, Clerwood Terrace, Edinburgh EH12 8TS. TEL: 0131-317-3565; E-MAIL <> or Susan McGann, RCN Archivist, RCN Scottish Board, 42 South Oswald Road, Edinburgh EH9 2HH. TEL: 0131-662-1010.



Bashford, A. "Nursing Bodies: The Gendered Politics of Health in Australia and England, 1860-1910." Ph.D. Diss., University of Sidney, 1994.

Beck, Marie Lanser. "The Early Career of Ellen Newbold La Motte (1873-1961), World War One Nurse, Author and Anti-Opium Crusader, 1902-1925." MA thesis, History, Shippensberg University, 1992.

Brown, T. "Living with God's Afflicted: A History of the Provincial Lunatic Asylum at Toronto, 1830-1911." Diss., Queen's University, 1980.

Brush, Barbara L. "Sending for Nurses: Foreign Nurse Immigration to American Hospitals, 1945-1980." Ph.D. Diss., University of Pennsylvania, 1994.

Burnam, Mary Ann. "Lavinia Lloyd Dock: An Activist in Nursing and Social Reform." Doctoral Diss., College of Education, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio. c1999.

Charles, Aline. "Travail et vieillesses féminines dans les hopitaux québécois, 1940-1980." Thèse de 3e cycle, Histoire, Université du Québec à Montréal, 1997.

Church, Olga Maranjian. "That Noble Reform: The Emergence of Psychiatric Nursing in the United States, 1882-1963." Diss., University of Illinois, 1982.

Dooley, Christopher. "`When Love and Skill Get Together': Work, Skill and the Occupational Culture of Mental Nurses at the Brandon Hospital for Mental Diseases, 1919-1946." Masters thesis, Universities of Manitoba/Winnipeg, 1998.

Godden, J. "Philanthropy and the Woman's Sphere, 1870-circa 1900." Ph.D. Diss., Macquarie University, 1983.

Hardy, L. K. "An Exploration of the Career Histories of Leading Female and Male Nurses in England and Scotland." Ph.D diss., Edinburgh University, 1983.

Nolan, P. "Psychiatric Nursing Past and Present: The Nurses' Viewpoint." Diss., University of Bath, 1989.

Nuttall, Alison. "Change and Continuity in the Training of Midwives in Nineteenth Century Edinburgh." M.Sc. Thesis, Department of Scottish History, University of Edinburgh, 1997.

Ramsammy, Roberta J. "The Roles, Relationships and Leadership Styles of Leaders and Managers of Nursing Education in the Middle to Late 20th Century." Ph.D. diss., London, University of Greenwich, 1998.

Saarman, Lembi. "Ideals for Nurses: A Study of `The American Journal of Nursing' and `RN', 1940-1960." Ed.D. diss., Teachers College, Columbia University, 1985.

Shields, E.A. "A History of the United States Army Nurse Corps (Female), 1901-1937." Doctoral diss., Columbia University Teachers College, New York, 1980.



Archives Association of Ontario: <>. [Courtesy of Robert Macaulay].

British Columbia History. <>.

British Columbia History of Nursing Professional Practice Group (RNABC): <>.


Canadian Electronic Feminist NetworK, sponsored by the Canadian Advisory Council on the Status of Women and based at the University of New Brunswick, Fredericton. To subscribe to PAR-L e-mail to <>: SUBSCRIBE PAR-L.

Canadian Nursing Sisters: A special Veterans Affairs website. <>.

The Center for Nursing Historical Inquiry: <>.

City of Vancouver Archives: <>. Description of records and historical photographs available.

The Florence Nightingale Foundation. <>.

Glenbow Archives, Calgary, Alberta, continues to receive collections dealing with women's history. <>.

Intellectual history and the history of ideas. To subscribe to H-IDEAS e-mail <>: SUBCRIBE H-IDEAS>.

International Institute of Social History, Amsterdam. For bibliography of articles about women's and gender history. <>; <>; <>.

International Network for the History of Hospitals: <>.

Kent VAD: <>. This website has been created by Hazel Basford, a postgraduate student at the University of Kent, Canterbury, England. She is doing a Master's degree in History on the VAD (Voluntary Aid Detachment) in Kent during WWI.

Medicus Quebecensis: <>, select <Accès en ligne aux bases de données du CIEQ>, select <Medicus Quebecensis>. CONTACT: François Guérard. TEL: 819-376-5099; E-MAIL: <>.

National Institutes of Health: <>.

Oral History Association: <>. This association has a discussion list H-Oralhist.

Public historians. <>.

Public History Review. Journal of the Professional Historians Association NSW [Australia]: <>.

The Southern Association for Women Historians: <>.

The Public Historian. Journal of the National Council on Public History [USA]. <>.

Virtual Nurses' Memorial is a website being built by a nurse, Bob McCartly in the USA. He is interested in data related to nurses who died in the line of duty. <>.

Women's International Net: CONTACT: Judith Colp Rubin or Janice Wasser at <>.

Zwerdling Nursing Archives. Rare photographs and postcards related to nursing and other health professionals. Description and Services: <>.



AAHN = American Association for the History of Nursing

AMS = Associated Medical Services Incorporated, Toronto, Ontario

CAHN/ACHN = Canadian Association for the History of Nursing/Association canadienne pour l'histoire du nursing

CCWH/CCHF = Canadian Committee on Women's History/Comité canadien de l'histoire des femmes

CNA/AIIC = Canadian Nurses' Association/l'Association des infirmières et infirmiers du Canada

ICN = International Council of Nurses

INHH = International Network for the History of Hospitals

NHS = National Health Service (Britain)

OHS = Ontario Historical Society

OWHN/RHFO = Ontario Women's History Network/Le réseau d'histoire des femmes en Ontario

RCN = Royal College of Nursing

RNABC = Registered Nurses' Association of British Columbia

RNAO = Registered Nurses' Association of Ontario

UK = United Kingdom



Bulletin – Journal of AAHN.

Caduceus – A humanities journal for medicine and the health sciences. Published by the Department of Medical Humanities, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine.

Canadian Bulletin of Medical History – Journal of the Canadian Society for the History of Medicine.

Canadian Journal of Nursing Leadership – Journal of the Academy of Canadian Executive Nurses.

CCWH Newsletter – Publication of CCWH/CCHF.

The Chronicle – Newsletter of the Center for the Study of the History of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania.

History Info – Newsletter of the History of Nursing Society, RCN (UK).

History of Nursing News – Newsletter of the History of Nursing Professional Practice Group, RNABC.

Image – Journal of Sigma Theta Tau International.

International History of Nursing Journal – published by RCN (UK).

International Nursing Review – Journal of the ICN.

OWHN Newsletter – Newsletter of the OWHN/RHFO.

Registered Nurse Journal – Publication of the RNAO.

Windows in Time – The Center for Nursing Historical Inquiry, University of Virginia.



In 1908, Clara Greene, Superintendent at the Belleville General Hospital, quoted an 1872 medical journal which acknowledged the significance of the educated nurse:

The importance of efficient and skilled nursing in the management of the sick is now so thoroughly understood and appreciated that we do not hesitate to acknowledge our satisfaction . . . in a notice . . . to establish an institution . . . for the education of ladies who are anxious to devote themselves to nursing as a profession.

Canadian Nurse, December 1908, 597



© 2000, The Margaret M Allemang Centre for the History of Nursing