Margaret M Allemang Centre for the History of Nursing
Bulletin Description Bulletin Archives Membership
Description Bulletin Archives Membership





Margaret M. Allemang Centre for Nursing History

Editor: Natalie Riegler, RN, PhD. 3 Dromore Crescent, Willowdale, Ontario, M2R 2H4.
TEL: 416-221-5632 E-MAIL:



Books, Monographs, Journals, Memorabilia:

7 September 1997 Ethel Irwin 3 inches

7 September 1997 Dr. Helen Carpenter 5 inches

27 November 1998 Catherine McNaughton 1 inch

Personal Papers, Research:

24 April 1998 Muriel Ward 1/2 cu. ft.



Ann Baillie Building, Kingston, Ontario. This former nurses' residence for the Kingston General Hospital has been recognized by the Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada for its significance in women's history. Though it now houses the Museum of Health Care for Eastern Ontario, the building retains much of its original character. Other nurses' residences which have been recognized by Historic Sites and Monuments are the Hershey Pavilion, Royal Victoria Hospital, Montreal; the Pavilion Mailloux, Hôpital Notre Dame, Montreal; Begbie Hall, Royal Jubilee Hospital, Victoria; and the Nurses' Residence, St. Boniface Hospital, Winnipeg. [Ann Lukits, "New Historic Site Named," Kingston Whig-Standard 12 May 1998, 4]. [Courtesy of Marilyn Boston].

Canadian Museum of Health and Medicine, Toronto. Located at the Toronto General Division, The Toronto Hospital, 101 College Street, Toronto, Ontario M5G 2C4. CONTACT: Felicity Pope, Curator. TEL: 416-603-5444; FAX: 416-603-5863; E-MAIL: <>; WEBSITE: <>. [Courtesy of Arlene Scuka].

Dispensaire de la garde à La Corne, Quebec. On 24 June 1997, this dispensary was opened as a historical site. Gertrude Duchemin was the nurse from its beginning in 1936 to 1976. The clinic was part of a network of more than 170 dispensaries throughout Quebec created to supply health services in outlying areas. The nurse lived and worked on site. La Corne is located on highway 111, halfway between Val d'Or and Amos. [Nicole Rousseau, "New Historical Site," Newsletter (CAHN/ACHN), 9 (Spring 1997): 4].

German Underground Hospital, Jersey, Channel Islands. Built between 1941 and 1944 during the German occupation, this museum displays an operating room, doctor's and nurse's quarters, wards, offices, and storerooms. [Victoria Stevens, "Coves & Castles: French Names and English Culture — The Channel Islands Blend Best of Both Worlds," Toronto Star 20 June 1998, J1, J14].

In Flanders Fields Museum, Belgium. A recently opened museum located in the rebuilt medieval Cloth Hall, Ypres/Ieper. Emphasis is on promoting peace and tolerance. It portrays war through the experiences of soldiers, nurses, townspeople, farmers, refugees, etc. [Joanna Ebbutt, "In Flanders Fields: A Memorable Museum in an Old Belgian Battlefield," Toronto Star, 7 November 1998, J5].

Ottawa Hospital, Civic Campus. A nursing museum in the Civic Parkdale clinic has been opened in the former Ottawa Civic Hospital. It features photographs, uniforms and memorabilia from the Civic Hospital and its School of Nursing. CONTACT: Gwen Hefferman, Coordinator Clinical Service, Education. TEL: 613-798-5555 x6097. [NRIG News 13 (Fall 1998): 6].

Pier 21 Museum, Halifax. This marine site is being developed as a "living centre" in acknowledgement of its role as "the gateway to Canada" for many immigrants between 1928 and 1971. [Sid Adilman, "`Gateway to Canada' Becoming a Museum," Toronto Star 8 December 1998, F8].



Angell, Dot. "War Remembered." Australian Nursing Journal 6 (August 1998): 28-29. [Vietnam war experience and the need for a nurses' war memorial to help nurses with postwar trauma].

Annau, Catherine. "Promoting Prophylactics: The Birth Control Society of Hamilton's Very Public Profile." Ontario History LXXXX (Spring 1998): 49-67.

Arcidiacono, Joan. "Everlasting Tribute to a Nurse Hero [Edith Cavell]." The Nursing Spectrum 9 March 1998. [An Internet communication from Susan Malka via <NURHIS-L@UCONNNVM.UConn.Edu>, 15 October 1998].

Baly, Monica. "NHS Thoughts from Home and Abroad." International History of Nursing Journal 3 (Spring 1998): 44-46.

Bennett, Valerie. "Tales of the Tenements: Midwifery Training in Glasgow." International History of Nursing Journal 3 (Winter 1997/1998): 69-72.

Bergstrom, Linda, Marie E. Pokorny, Margaret B. Davis, and Terrell O. Wootten. "Full Circle: The Nurse-Midwifery Careers of Elizabeth Berryhill and Gabriela Olivera." Nursing History Review 7 (1999): 29-45.

Boschma, Geertje. "High Ideals Versus Harsh Reality: A Historical Analysis of Mental Health Nursing in Dutch Asylums, 1890-1920." Nursing History Review 7 (1999): 127-151.

Brown, Eleanor. "Victorian Visual Memory and the `Departed' Child." The Archivist, no. 115 (1997): 22, 24-26, 28, 30.

Brown, Eleanor. "La mémoire visuelle victorienne et l'enfant ´disparuª." L'Archiviste, no. 115 (1997): 23-27, 29-31.

Brush, Barbara L. "Refuge and Rescue: Jewish Nurse Refugees and the International Council of Nurses, 1947-1965." Nursing History Review 7 (1999): 113-125.

Bryant, J., and M. Lorentzon. "Leadership in British Nursing: A Historical Dimension." Journal of Nursing Management 5 (September 1997): 271-. [Internet — Levy Library].

"Celebrating 80 Years of Nursing Education at the University of Alberta." Newsletter (CAHN/ACHN), 11 (Spring 1998): 2.

Collière, Marie-Françoise, and Jocelyn Lawler. "Marie-Françoise Collière — Nurse and Ethnohistorian: A Conversation About Nursing and the Invisibility of Care." Nursing Inquiry 5 (September 1998): 140-. [Internet — Levy Library].

Commander, Rev. Reg. "A Royal Inheritance." International History of Nursing Journal 3 (Spring 1998): 53-54. [Ex-servicemen training in Wolverhampton during the 1940s and NHS].

Connor, Betty, and Bill Connor. "Improvements for Quality of Life in a Poor Law Institution: Fishpool Workhouse and Hospital, Bolton 1945-1948." International History of Nursing Journal 3 (Spring 1998): 59-60. [A NHS remembrance].

Connolly, Cynthia A. "Hampton, Nutting, and Rival Gospels at the Johns Hopkins Hospital and Training School for Nurses, 1889-1906." Image 30, no. 1 (1998): 23-29.

Crompton, Margaret. "The Advent of the National Health Service: 1948." International History of Nursing Journal 3 (Spring 1998): 52.

Culp, Leslie. "Vignettes of a Nursing Life." Registered Nurse Journal 10 (July/August 1998): 10-11. [Joyce Elizabeth (Betty) Evans Crouse].

Cummins, Genevieve E., and Nerylla D. Taunton. ""Chatelaines for Nurses." In Chatelaines: Utility to Glorious Extravagance. Suffolk, England: Antique Collectors' Club, 1994.

Currie, Margaret R. "Fever Nurses' Perceptions of their Fever Nurse Training 1921-1971." International History of Nursing Journal 3 (Winter 1997/1998): 5-19.

Davis, Bryn D. "25 Years of Nurse Education in the University of Wales College of Medicine." Journal of Advanced Nursing 26 (November 1997): 843-844.

Denny, Elaine. "The Second Missing Link: Bible Nursing in 19th Century London." Journal of Advanced Nursing 26 (December 1997): 1175-1182.

Eckberg, Evelyn. "Are We Repeating History by Using Surgical Assistants?" AORN 68 (August 1998): 276-280.

Ettinger, Laura E. "Nurse-Midwives, the Mass Media, and the Politics of Maternal Health Care in the United States, 1925-1955." Nursing History Review 7 (1999): 47-66.

Evans, Joan. "Men in Nursing: Exploring the Male Nurse Experience." Nursing Inquiry 4 (June 1997): 142-. [Internet — Levy Library].

Flynn, Karen. "Proletarianization, Professionalization, and Caribbean Immigrant Nurses." Canadian Woman Studies 18 (Spring 1998): 57-60.

Fogg, Grace Chadwick. "Memories of the NHS." International History of Nursing Journal 3 (Spring 1998): 60. [Training at Townleys in 1946].

Forsyth, Sue. "Nursing Leaders and Feminist Issues: Susan McGahey and the New South Wales Experience, 1890-1910." International History of Nursing Journal 3 (Winter 1997/1998): 20-31.

Frantz, Ann M. K. "Nursing Pride: Clara Barton in the Spanish-American War." American Journal of Nursing 98 (October 1998): 39-41.

Freeman, Stacey. "Medicalizing the Nurse: Professional Eugenic Discourse at the Kaiserin Auguste Victoria Haus in Berlin." German Studies Review 18 (1995): 419-440. [Internet].

Fry, Doreen. "Nights on the Women's Medical Ward, 1952." International History of Nursing Journal 3 (Winter 1997/1998): 73-80.

Fry, Doreen. "Penicillin and Pedantic Patients 1950: Early Antibiotic Therapy." International History of Nursing Journal 3 (Summer 1998): 47-48.

"Gladys J. Sharpe." Portrait of Leadership. Registered Nurse Journal 11 (January/February 1999): 6.

Glass, Laurie K. "AAHN: In the Beginning." Bulletin (AAHN), 59 (Summer 1998): 4-6.

Grando, Victoria. "Making Do with Fewer Nurses in the United States, 1945-1965." Image 30, no. 2 (1998): 147-148. [Bulletin (AAHN), 59 (Summer 1998): 7].

Grey, Mona. "The Northern Ireland Health Services: 1948-1988, Nursing — Midwifery — Health." International History of Nursing Journal 3 (Spring 1998): 47-49.

Haines, Judith. "What's Past is Prologue." Canadian Nurse 94 (October 1998): 3.

Hallam, Julia. "From Angels to Handmaidens: Changing Constructions of Nursing's Public Image in Post-War Britain." Nursing Inquiry 5 (March 1998): 32-. [Internet — Levy Library].

Hamilton, Diane. "The Seventh Star: Dorothy Ford Buschmann and the Founding of Sigma Theta Tau." Image (c1998). [Received the international Best of Image Award in History from Sigma Theta Tau. Bulletin (AAHN), 57 (Winter 1998): 6].

"Hannah Lectures — 1997." Newsletter (CAHN/ACHN), 11 (Spring 1998): 5. [This is a report of Joan Lynaugh's Hannah Lecture, "Internationalizing Nursing: 1899-1999."]

Harley, Sir Thomas. "The Early Problems of the NHS." International History of Nursing Journal 3 (Spring 1998): 30-35. [An address given in 1960].

Hollingsworth, Marion. "From Patient to Fever Nurse: Memories from Bolton, Lancashire." International History of Nursing Journal 3 (Spring 1998): 58-59. [A NHS remembrance].

Houston, J. K., and J. F. O'Sullivan. "Midwifery in the Belfast City Hospital." International History of Nursing Journal 4 (Autumn 1998): 35-39.

Hulton, Linda. "Eradicating the `Germ of Laziness' in Virginia's Rural Schools: Hookworm in the 1900-1920s." Windows in Time 6 (August 1998): 4-5.

Hutchinson, Kitty. "Memories of the Founding of the NHS in 1948." International History of Nursing Journal 3 (Summer 1998): 34-35.

"Introduction to Marie-Françoise Collière." Nursing Inquiry 5 (September 1998): 124-. [Internet — Levy Library].

Jackson, Queenie. "Oldchurch County Hospital, Romford." International History of Nursing Journal 3 (Spring 1998): 55-56. [A ward sister remembers the coming of the NHS].

Kaye, Florence. "Nursing Before and After the NHS Act." International History of Nursing Journal 3 (Spring 1998): 50-51.

Kirby, Stephanie. "Marketing the Municipal Model: The London County Council Nursing Service Recruitment Strategies 1930-45." International History of Nursing Journal 4 (Autumn 1998): 17-23.

Kourkouta, Lambrini. "Working Conditions and Duties of Nurses in Byzantium." International History of Nursing Journal 4 (Autumn 1998): 32-34.

Leiba, Tony. "The Effects of Mental Health Legislation 1890-1990." International History of Nursing Journal 3 (Summer 1998): 12-18.

Leipert, Beverly. "The Use of Professional Nursing Practice Standards in Nursing Labour Arbitrations in British Columbia 1987-1994." Journal of Advanced Nursing 27 (March 1998): 622-632.

LeVasseur, Jeanne. "Plato, Nightingale, and Contemporary Nursing." Image 30, no. 3 (1998): 281-285. [Bulletin (AAHN), 60 (Fall 1998): 8].

Lindner, Reinhard. "The Acute Sick Versus the Chronic Sick: the Takeover of Fairmile House by the NHS." International History of Nursing Journal 4 (Autumn 1998): 24-31.

MacDonald, Cheryl. "From Founding to Frontier: The VON in the Klondike." The Beaver 77 (October-November 1997):13-18. [CCWH Newsletter) (Spring 1998): 14].

Macduff, Colin. "Meeting the Mother Man: Rediscovering Walt Whitman, Writer and Nurse." International History of Nursing Journal 3 (Winter 1997/1998): 32-44.

Mackintosh, C. "A Historical Study of Men in Nursing." Journal of Advanced Nursing 26 (1997): 232-236. [In Macduff, 1997/1998, 44].

Maggs, Christopher. "A History of Nursing: A History of Caring." Journal of Advanced Nursing 23 (1996): 630-635. [In Mansell, 1998, 9].

Maggs, Christopher. "The Royal National Pension Fund for Nurses: A Noble Contribution." International History of Nursing Journal 3 (Spring 1998): 61-62.

Malchau, Susanne. "Life as a Nun — Possibilities and Limitations." International History of Nursing Journal 3 (Winter 1997/1998): 45-61. [Sister Benedicte Ramsing 1912-1988].

Mansell, Diana, and Judith Hibberd. "`We Picked the Wrong One to Sterilise': The Role of Nursing in the Eugenics Movement in Alberta, 1920-1940." International History of Nursing Journal 3 (Summer 1998): 4-11.

Matte, Jennifer. "CNA Turns 90." Canadian Nurse 94 (October 1998): 22-23, 25.

McCarthy, Rosemary T. "A Time to Remember: WIMSA Dedication." Bulletin (AAHN), 57 (Winter 1998): 4-6. [WIMSA stands for Women in Military Service for America].

McPherson, Kathryn. "Carving Out a Past: The Canadian Nurses' Association War Memorial." Histoire sociale/Social History 29 (November 1996): 417-429.

Merson, Elizabeth. "Nursing in Wartime: Wartime Nursing Reminiscences." International History of Nursing Journal 3 (Summer 1998): 43-46. [Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Birmingham, England].

Mitchell, Duncan. "The Origins of Learning Disability Nursing." International History of Nursing Journal 4 (Autumn 1998): 10-16.

Neave, Elsie, and Isabel Quincey. "Missionary Nursing in Nyasaland." International History of Nursing Journal 4 (Autumn 1998): 40-45.

Nelson, Sioban. "Entering the Professional Domain: The Making of the Modern Nurse in 17th Century France." Nursing History Review 7 (1999): 171-187.

Norman, Elizabeth M., and Dorothy Angell. "Vivian Bullwinkel: Sole Survivor of the 1942 Massacre of Australian Nurses." Nursing History Review 7 (1999): 97-112.

Nuttall, Peggy. "The Appointed Day: A View from Outside the Corridors of Power." International History of Nursing Journal 3 (Spring 1998): 57. [A remembrance of the coming of the NHS in the London Hospital].

Paulson, Esther. "Highlights of the International Council of Nurses (ICN) Congress." History of Nursing News 8 (March 1998): 4-8.

Pelletier, Gertrude. "Un héritage commun." Canadian Nurse 94 (October 1998): 24.

Pratt, Rosalie. "Nursing Education in Australia." International History of Nursing Journal 3 (Summer 1998): 49-52. [Graduation address at the University of Sydney, Australia, 1997].

Reverby, Susan M. "Rethinking the Tuskegee Syphilis Study: Nurse Rivers, Silence and the Meaning of Treatment." Nursing History Review 7 (1999): 3-28.

Richardson, Sharon. "Frontier Health Care: Alberta's District & Municipal Nursing Service, 1919 to 1976." Alberta History 46, no. 1 (1998): 2-9. [Courtesy of author].

Riegler, Natalie. "Nursing Week: An Historical Perspective." Registered Nurse Journal 10 (May/June 1998): 10-11.

Robbins, Jessica M. "Class Struggles in the Tubercular World: Nurses, Patients, and Physicians, 1903-1915." Bulletin of the History of Medicine 71 (Fall 1997): 412-434.

Russell, David. "Hanwell Lunatic Asylum 1831-1844: The Golden Years." International History of Nursing Journal 4 (Autumn 1998): 4-9. [Using work therapy and non-restraint in Victorian England].

Sheehan, John. "The Role and Rewards of Asylum Attendants in Victorian England." International History of Nursing Journal 3 (Summer 1998): 25-33.

Sibbald, Barbara. "New Brunswick's Activist Archivist." Canadian Nurse 94 (May 1998): 60. [Dr. Arlee Hoyt McGee].

Siczek, Joanna, and Halina Stecka-Fejfer. "The Life of Jadwiga Maria Kaniewska-Izycka: A Moving Force behind the Polish Nursing Association." International History of Nursing Journal 3 (Spring 1998): 63-65.

Silva, Eliete Maria, Célia Alves Rozendo, Elizabeth Laus Ribas Gomes, and Maria Cecília Puntel de Almeida. "The Changing Focus of Nursing Practice in Brazil." International History of Nursing Journal 3 (Summer 1998): 19-24.

Skellern, Margaret. "Memories of Orthopaedic Nurse Training." International History of Nursing Journal 3 (Winter 1997/1998): 62-68. [Harlow Wood Orthopaedic Hospital, Mansfield, Nottinghamshire].

Speedy, Sandra. "Nursing And Feminisms: A Glance Backwards, A Gaze Forwards." Nursing Inquiry 4 (December 1997): 217-. [Internet — Levy Library].

Summers, Anne. "Nurses and Ancillaries in the Christian Era." In Western Medicine: An Illustrated History, ed. Irvine Loudon, 192-205, 312. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997.

Taylor, Bill. "New Book Recalls Early Days of CP Air: `Stewardesses' had to be Registered Nurses, Wear a Girdle, and Not Wear Glasses Back Then." Toronto Star 5 December 1998, G13. [The book referred to is Peter Pigott's Wingwalkers (Harbour Publishing, c1998). CP stands for Canadian Pacific Air Lines. The first stewardess was Jewel Butler O'Hanlan, hired in 1941.]

United Kingdom. Minister of Health, the Secretary of State for Scotland and the Minister of Labour and National Service. "Staffing the Hospitals: An Urgent National Need (1945)." International History of Nursing Journal 3 (Spring 1998): 6-15. [An RCN archive document, 1945].

United Kingdom. Ministry of Health. "The NHS in Context: Notes from the Ministry of Health." International History of Nursing Journal 3 (Spring 1998): 16-19. [An RCN archive document, 1953].

United Kingdom. Ministry of Health. "NHS Hospitals and Specialist Services." International History of Nursing Journal 3 (Spring 1998): 26-27. [A 1957 document].

United Kingdom. Ministry of Health. "Comparison of the Position before and after the NHS." International History of Nursing Journal 3 (Spring 1998): 20-25. [An RCN archive document, 1957].

United Kingdom. Ministry of Health. "Misconceptions about the National Health Service." International History of Nursing Journal 3 (Spring 1998): 28-29. [An RCN archive document, 1957.

Vickers, Elizabeth D. "Frances Elisabeth Crowell and the Politics of Nursing in Czechoslovakia after the First World War." Nursing History Review 7 (1999): 67-96.

Warbinek, Ethel. "The President's Report: A Tribute to the Vancouver General Hospital School of Nursing." History of Nursing News 8 (March 1998): 3-4.

Webster, Charles. "Nursing and the Early Crisis of the NHS." International History of Nursing Journal 3 (Spring 1998): 36-43. [Address presented at First Annual Lecture to the RCN History of Nursing Group, 1984].

Wright, David. "Asylum Nursing and Institutional Service: A Case Study of the South of England, 1861-1881." Nursing History Review 7 (1999): 153-169.

Yegdich, Tania, and Angela Cushing. "An Historical Perspective on Clinical Supervision in Nursing." Australian and New Zealand Journal of Mental Health 7 (March 1998): 3-. [Internet — Levy Library].



Canadian Historical Association Council. CHAC would like to hear from individuals who are earning their living by contract research or freelance consultancy in history. The Council is interested in helping researchers and ensuring quality standards of historical research. CONTACT: Judith Finguard c/o CHA office; E-MAIL: <>. [CCWH Newsletter) (Spring 1998): 9].

Society for History as Mandatory Education (SHAME). Organized by university history graduate students in Ottawa to advocate for Canadian history in education. CONTACT: Theodore Colombo, 2-65 rue Marengère, Hull, QU J8Y 1N5; E-MAIL: <> or <>. [CCWH Newsletter) (Spring 1998): 9].



Belfon, John Franklin. "Constance Lenora Giscomb Belfon." Globe and Mail (Toronto), 29 January 1999, A20.

21 March 1910-18 September 1998.

Constance Belfon was born in Boston and trained as a Registered Nursing Assistant in the 1960s. She worked for the College of Physicians and Surgeons in Toronto until her retirement. Belfon helped found the Canadian Anti-Apartheid Association and the library of black literature and politics at the Home Service Association, Toronto. Because of her sense of social justice, political interests, concern for people and her social activism, she became known on the street where she lived as the "queen of Borden Street." Her son describes her as a woman who "gave her time unconditionally," knowing that "time is not money, but time is life." Belfon died in Toronto.



Guly, Christopher. "Evelyn Agnes Pepper." Globe and Mail (Toronto), 4 June 1998, A20.

3 March 1905-2 April 1998.

Ev Pepper was born in Ottawa and at age 13 received the Canadian Girl Guide Badge of Merit for helping to rescue a drowning man. In 1928, she graduated from the Ottawa Civic Hospital and later attended McGill University. During World War II, she served overseas as a Nursing Sister with the Royal Canadian Army Medical Corps in England, Italy, Holland and France. After the war she wrote a wound simulation training manual for use by both the Canadian and American military. She developed and taught a nursing-in-disaster program in conjunction with Canada's civil defense program. Besides decorations for her military service, Pepper was named a commander of the Order of St. John, awarded the Florence Nightingale Medal (International Red Cross), honoured by the Canadian National Council of Veteran Associations, made a member of the Order of Canada and was Honorary President of the Nursing Sisters Association of Canada. Pepper died in Ottawa.



Hart, Christine. "Alice Margaret Blood MacKinnon." Globe and Mail (Toronto), 22 January 1999, A18.

23 June 1894-8 January 1999

Alice Blood, born in Borne, England, trained at St. Bartholomew's and served in Etaples during World War I. After the war, she came to Canada, married a Cape Breton medical doctor, Hugh MacKinnon, and settled in the Annapolis Valley. In 1998 she was awarded the Major John McRae Medallion and certificates of appreciation from France and Queen Elizabeth for distinguished service during the Great War. These honours were presented at her bedside in Halifax several hours before she died.



Littleton, James. "Cheryl Elizabeth Ozon Littleton." Globe and Mail (Toronto), 17 March 1998, A16.

13 December 1944-10 February 1998

Cheryl Littleton, born in Halifax, Nova Scotia, spent her childhood on Prince Edward Island and worked as a nurse across almost all of Canada. In the 1970s she was employed at Eaton's as an occupational health nurse. She became a nurse practitioner and worked at the Hospital for Sick Children counselling the abused, street kids, and other adolescents. Littleton died in Toronto.



McNaughton, Cath, and Frieda Forman. "Mary O'Brien." Globe and Mail (Toronto), 13 November 1998, A22; Joel Baglole, "Mary O'Brien, Feminist Scholar and Teacher," Toronto Star 20 October 1998, B5.

8 July 1926-17 October 1998

Mary O'Brien was born in Walmer, Kent, England and trained in England. Her nursing career included midwifery at Oakbank Hospital in Glasgow, tuberculosis research at the Grace Dart Hospital in Montreal where she became Director of Nursing, part-time employment at the Queen Elizabeth Hospital in Toronto. O'Brien's pursuit of higher education led to a Ph.D. in sociology, a faculty position at the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education and the publication of her thesis The Politics of Reproduction. O'Brien died in Toronto.



"Remembering Bertha Harmer." History of Nursing News 8 (March 1998): 8.

2 March 1885-14 December 1934

In Canada, Harmer, who graduated from the Toronto General Hospital (TGH) in 1913, was known not only for her leadership at McGill University but also for her authorship of Macmillan's Text-Book of the Principles and Practice of Nursing. [ed.— This book first appeared in April 1922 when Harmer was teaching theory and practical nursing at St. Luke's Hospital Training School for Nurses in New York City. The success of her book was soon apparent and may have been part of the conversation when she attended the TGH tea held in October 1925 by Jean Gunn, Superintendent of Nurses, for Alicia Lloyd-Still, Matron of St. Thomas' Hospital, London, England. The 2nd edition appeared in June 1928. By now Harmer had left her position as Assistant Professor, Yale University School of Nursing and First Assistant Superintendent of Nurses at the New Haven Hospital in Connecticut and had moved to Montreal where she was Director for the School for Graduate Nurses at McGill University, a position she held until ill health made it necessary to resign in 1934. The third edition was the last to appear under her name alone. It was published July 1934; Harmer died 14 December 1934. Christena Wallace, TGH'22, who nursed Harmer at her Toronto home during her terminal illness, recalled Harmer editing the book and conferring with Macmillan while she was dying. Wallace also commented that, because Harmer's book was so popular, Macmillan did not want to remove her name from its authorship. The 4th and 5th edition appeared in 1939 and 1955 with Virginia Henderson as second author. Though Macmillan held the copyright for all five editions, in the 5th edition, on the Printer's Imprint page, there is a line to the effect that the copyright had been renewed in 1950 by Bertha Harmer.]



Sullivan, J. M. "Joyce Nevitt." Globe and Mail (Toronto), 7 January 1999, A20.

16 November 1916-10 November 1998

Joyce Nevitt was born in Cranbrook, Kent, England and graduated in nursing from the London County Hospital. Before coming to Canada, she worked at London's Royal Ear, Nose and Throat Hospital. In 1945 she moved to Hamilton, Ontario where she earned a degree in nursing at McMaster University. Her Canadian nursing career included being a head nurse at the Toronto Western Hospital, working in rural public health services, teaching at the University of Western Ontario, London, and Wayne State University in Detroit. In 1965 she went to St. John's, Newfoundland to establish the baccalaureate degree in nursing program at Memorial University. After resigning in 1973 she began to write White Caps and Black Bands: Nursing in Newfoundland to 1934 (1978). Nevitt continued to teach at Memorial and the Grace General Hospital School of Nursing. She died in St. John's.



 Swift, Jamie. "Mary Hamilton." Globe and Mail (Toronto), 23 October 1998, A22.

30 April 1909-13 October 1998

Hamilton was born in Elgin, Ontario and nursed at St. Vincent de Paul, Brockville in the 1930s. She joined the Sisters of Providence and nursed across Canada: Montreal, Brockville, Smith Falls, Kingston, Moose Jaw, Edmonton, Camrose. She retired to the mother house in Kingston and in her 80s could be found at Kingston's city hall protesting the government's treatment of the poor and the weak. Hamilton died in Kingston.



"50 Years of Nursing in the NHS." International History of Nursing Journal 3 (Spring 1998).

American Journal of Public Health 87 (November 1997). [A special anniversary issue focusing on history].

Barsky, Lesley Marrus. From Generation to Generation: A History of Toronto's Mount Sinai Hospital. Toronto: McClelland & Stewart Inc., 1998. ISBN 0-7710-1061-3.

Deslaurier, Jessie V. Hotel Dieu Hospital Kingston 1845-1995: The House of Tender Mercy Continuing to Serve. Kingston: Hotel Dieu Hospital, 1995. ISBN 0-9699666-0-1. [Courtesy of Sister Loretta Gaffney].

Elliott, Alan. Curing and Caring - Reflections on Fifty Years of Health and Social Services. c1998. [History Info (Spring 1998): 5].

Fairman, Julie, and Joan E. Lynaugh. Controlling Crises: A History of Critical Care Nursing, 1945-1980. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1998. [Received the AAHN's 1998 Lavinia Dock Award. The Chronicle 11 (Fall 1998): 2].

Feldberg, Georgina D. Disease and Class: Tuberculosis and the Shaping of Modern North American Society. Rutgers University Press, 1994. [Received the Royal Society of Canada's Jason A. Hannah Medal for 1997. Associated Medical Services, Inc. Corporate Report 1996-1997 (Toronto: AMS, 1998): 8].

Gelbart, Nina Rattner. The King's Midwife: A History and Mystery of Madame du Coudray [c1714-1794]. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1998. ISBN 0-520-21036-0.

Greenhill, E. D. From Diploma to Doctorate 100 Years of Nursing. University of Tennessee Press, c1998. [A history of the College of Nursing, University of Tennessee. Bulletin (AAHN), 60 (Fall 1998): 8].

Griffiths, Diana. Madness in its Place: Narratives of Severalls Hospital, 1913-1997. London: Routledge, 1998. [John Adams, "Editorial," International History of Nursing Journal 3, (Summer 1998): 3].

Kane, Sister Dolores. Caring People Helping People: The Religious Hospitallers of St. Joseph of Cornwall 1897-1997. Cornwall: RHSJ Health Centre of Cornwall, 1996. ISBN 0-9681234-0-6. [Courtesy of Sister Loretta Gaffney].

Kane, Sister Dolores. Compatir pour mieux servir: Les Religieuses Hospitalières de St-Joseph de Cornwall 1897-1997. Translated by Soeur Bertille Beaulieu. Cornwall: RHSJ Health Centre of Cornwall, 1996. ISBN 0-9681234-1-4. [Courtesy of Sister Loretta Gaffney].

Lehr, Teresa K., and Philip G. Maples. To Serve the Community: A Celebration of Rochester General Hospital 1847-1997. Donning Company Publishers, 1997. ISBN: 1-57864-017-2. [Internet message from Phil Maples via <NURHIS-L@UCONNVM.UConn.Edu> 2 October 1998].

Lynaugh, Joan, and Barbara Brush. American Nursing: From Hospitals to Health Systems. Milbank Memorial Fund and Blackwell Publishers, c1998. [Bulletin (AAHN), 57 (Winter 1998): 6].

Portugal, Jean E. "Nursing Sisters the Best!" In Part II — The Army. Vol 5, "We Were There: The Navy, the Army, the R.C.A.F. & Others — A Record for Canada. Toronto: Royal Canadian Military Institute, c1998. ISBN 1-55246-048-7 (for vol. 5). [Pamphlet].

Ross-Kerr, Janet C. Prepared to Care: Nurses and Nursing in Alberta. Edmonton: University of Alberta Press, 1998. ISBN 0-88864-292-X.

Scott, Eric, ed. Nobody Ever Wins a War: The World War 1 Diaries of Ella Mae Bongard R.N. Ottawa: Janeric Enterprises, 1997. ISBN 0-9683548-0-7. [Courtesy of Phyllis Jones and Dr. Margaret Allemang].

Shorter, Edward, ed. TPH: History and Memories of the Toronto Psychiatric Hospital, 1925-1966. Toronto, 1996. [Archives and Museum Newsletter 6 (June 1998): 7].

Small, Hugh. Florence Nightingale: Avenging Angel. London: Constable, 1998. ISBN 0-09-479010-8.

Toronto Western Hospital Nurses' Alumnae. Celebrate the Century 1898-1998. Toronto: TWH Nurses' Alumnae Association, 1998.

Wake, Roy. A History of the Nightingale Training School, 1860-1996. London: Nightingale Fellowship. [Laurence Dopson, "From Apron to Gown," International History of Nursing Journal 3 (Summer 1998): 63].

Walters, Mary W. Alberta Foundation for Nursing Research 1982 to 1997: A Time to Grow. Edmonton: Alberta Foundation for Nursing Research, 1998. [Courtesy of Dr. Shirley Stinson].

White, R. Change and the Development of the Nursing Profession: A Study of the Poor Law Nursing Service, 1848-1948. London: Kimpton, 1978. [In Lindner, 1998, 30].

Zerr, Sheila, ed. "The International History of Nursing Conference: A Pictorial Report." History of Nursing News, Special Edition, January 1998.



Samuel J. Zakon Award in the History of Dermatology. This competition is open to historians. CONTACT: John Thorne Crissey, MD, Chair, Samuel J. Zakon Award Committee, 608 Sierra Madre Boulevard, San Marino, California 91108. [Canadian Bulletin of Medical History 14, no. 2 (1997): 324].




Mar 12-13 Re-producing Women's History: Working Seminars Across the Generations. Conference being held by the Women's History Faculty at the Graduate Center, City University of New York. CONTACT: Prof. Bonnie S. Anderson, Ph.D Program in History, City University of New York Graduate Center, 33 West 42nd Street, New York, NY 10036. [CCWH Newsletter (Spring 1998): 5].

Apr 13 3rd Annual Caring Conference (RNAO), "Moving Caring into the New Millennium." In Toronto. CONTACT: RNAO. [NRIG News 13 (Fall 1998): 7].

Apr 15-18 Society for Military History Meeting, "War in History, Myth, and Memory: An End-of-Millennium Retrospective." At Penn State University. CONTACT: Prof. Carol Reardon, Department of History, Penn State University, University Park, PA 16802. TEL: 814-863-2658; E-MAIL: <>. [Newsletter (CAHN/ACHN), 11 (Autumn 1998): 12].

Apr 15-16 Exploring Issues in Nursing History: Cinderella Services. At Faculty of Health, South Bank University, London, England. CONTACT: Antoinette Dixon, Conference Officer, South Bank University, 103 Borough Road, London SE1 0AA, UK. TEL: +44-0-171-815-6908; E-MAIL <>.

Apr 15-17 Registered Nurses Association of Ontario Annual General Meting, Richmond Hill, Ontario.

Apr 17 Nursing Research Interest Group (RNAO) will hold its Annual General Meeting in Richmond Hill. Registration is through the RNAO. [NRIG News 13 (Fall 1998): 6].

Apr 23 36th Annual Isabel Maitland Stewart Conference on Research in Nursing. At Teachers College, Columbia University. CONTACT: Dr. Diane J. Mancino. TEL: 212-581-2211 x2211; E-MAIL <>. [Bulletin (AAHN), 60 (Fall 1998): 6].

May 6-9 American Association for the History of Medicine. In New Brunswick, New Jersey.

Jun 6-8 Canadian Historical Association Annual Meeting. At Sherbrooke, Quebec. CONTACT: Peter Gossage, Histoire, Université de Sherbrooke, Quebec J1K 2R1; E-MAIL: <>. [OWHN Newsletter 3 (September 1998): 1].

Jun 16-18 International Nursing Research Conference. At the University of Alberta, Edmonton. Sponsored by the Faculty of Nursing, University of Alberta, Canadian Association of University Schools of Nursing, the Mu Sigma Chapter of Sigma Theta Tau International, and the Canadian Association for Nursing Research. CONTACT: Janis Winters, Conference Secretary, TEL: 403-492-6832; FAX: 403-492-2551; E-MAIL: <>; WEBSITE:>.

Jun 18-20 12th CAHN/ACHN Annual Conference. In Edmonton, Alberta. This conference will immediately follow the International Nursing Research Conference. CONTACT: Lorraine Mychaljunow. TEL: 403-453-0534; TOLL FREE: 1-800-252-9392; FAX: 403-482-4459; E-MAIL <> or Dr. Judith Hibberd. TEL: 403-492-6399; FAX: 403-492-2551; E-MAIL <>. [Newsletter (CAHN/ACHN), 11 (Spring 1998): 8; flyer].

Jun 27-Jul 1 Centennial Conference, International Council of Nurses. "Celebrating Nursing's Past: Claiming the Future." In London, England. CONTACT: Brian French, Conference Manager, Royal College of Nursing, 20 Cavendish Square, London, WIM OAB, UK. [Newsletter (CAHN/ACHN), 11 (Spring 1998): 8].

Jul 4-10 Australian Society of the History of Medicine. In Sydney, Australia. CONTACT: Dr. Judith Godden, 12 Boronia Avenue, Epping, NSW 2121, Australia. [Canadian Bulletin of Medical History 14, no. 2 (1997): 323].

Oct 1-3 Sixteenth Annual Conference of the American Association for the History of Nursing. To be co-sponsored with Boston College, Boston, MA.

Oct 8-9 Centennial Gala Celebration Celebrating 100 Years of Influence. Commemorating the establishment of graduate nursing education at Teachers College, Columbia University. CONTACT: Dr. Diane J. Mancino. TEL: 212-581-2211 x217; E-MAIL <>. [Bulletin (AAHN), 60 (Fall 1998): 6].



May 17-21 American Association for the History of Medicine Meeting in Bethesda, Maryland.

June 13th CAHN/ACHN Annual Conference.

June Canadian Nurses' Association Conference in Vancouver, British Columbia.

Fall Seventeenth Annual Conference of the American Association for the History of Nursing. To be co-sponsored with the College of Nursing, Villanova, University, Villanova, PA.



Apr 18-22 American Association for the History of Medicine Meeting in Charleston, South Carolina.

June 14th CAHN/ACHN Annual Conference.

Fall Eighteenth Annual Conference of the American Association for the History of Nursing. Co-sponsored with the University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA.



June 15th CAHN/ACHN Annual Conference.

June Canadian Nurses' Association Conference in St. John's, Newfoundland.

Fall Nineteenth Annual Conference of the American Association for the History of Nursing. Co-sponsored with Brigham Young University, Salt Lake City, Utah.



June 16th CAHN/ACHN Annual Conference.

June Canadian Nurses' Association Conference in Regina, Saskatchewan.



Australia. The School of Science and Technology Studies (STS) at the University of New South Wales in conjunction with its Centre for the History of Health and Medicine plans to open a Graduate Certificate in Arts (History of Medicine). To be offered in 1999. On-campus attendance not required. CONTACT: Professor W. R. Albury, School of STS, University of New South Wales, Sidney, NSW 2052, Australia. [Canadian Bulletin of Medical History 14, no. 2 (1997): 322].

United States. New York's Columbia University's School of Public Health Division of Sociomedical Sciences with the Columbia College of Physicians and Surgeons's Center for the Study of Society and Medicine, and the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences' Department of History has a new program, History of Public Health and Medicine (HPHM) leading either to an MPH or PhD in the history of public health and medicine. CONTACT: Martina Lynch, Administrative Assistant, Columbia University, School of Public Health, Division of Sociomedical Sciences, Program in History of Public Health and Medicine, 100 Haven Avenue, 17H Tower 3, New York, NY 10032; TEL: 212-304-7978; FAX: 212-304-7942; E-MAIL <>. [Canadian Bulletin of Medical History 14, no. 2 (1997):321-322].



O'Brian, Patrick. The Hundred Days. London: HarperCollins, 1998. In this book, the 19th of the Aubrey-Maturin novels about the British Royal Navy during the Napoleonic period, O'Brian has a female nurse, Mrs. Poll Skeeping, working on board ship with the surgeon Stephen Maturin.



Associated Medical Services, Inc. [Corporate Report 1996-1997 (Toronto: AMS, 1998): 9].

Cohen, Y. "La réform des soins infirmiers dans le système de santé au Québec, 1890-1940."

Helmstadter, Carol. "Early Nursing Reform in England, 1815-1870."

Perry, J. "Bibles and Bedpans: A History of the Grenfell Nurses."

Quiney, Linda J. "Canadian Women Voluntary Aid Detachment (VAD) Nurses, 1914-1930."

Smith, Susan. "Professional Midwifery: A History of Japanese-American Midwives in Hawaii and Washington, 1910-1950"; and "Japanese-American Midwives: Welfare, Warfare and the State."

Shkimba, M. "The British Nursing Press, 1945-1960."



Sigma Theta Tau International.

Whelan, Jean. "Employing Nurses: Private Duty to Staff, 1923-1963." [Bulletin (AAHN), 59 (Summer 1998): 7].



Nursing History Cards. The Faculty of Nursing, University of Alberta has a set of 10 cards of five different items: the first 5 graduates of the public health course in 1918, the University Hospital in 1929, the diploma class of 1923, and two nurses. CONTACT: Karen Anderson, Assistant, Public Relations and Fund Development, 3rd Floor, CSB, Faculty of Nursing, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6G 2G3. TEL: 403-492-0051. [Newsletter (CAHN/ACHN), 11 (Spring 1998): 7].

TTH 1999 Calendar,"A Celebration: Images of Nursing." The nurses at The Toronto Hospital have a calendar to sell. The monies are for the Nursing Scholarship Fund. Each month has a picture by artist-nurse Angela Ash and a list of historical moments at the Toronto General and Toronto Western Hospitals. CONTACT: Public Relations at TTH.



Brown, Greg, Wayne Crockett, and Carolyn Heald. "Government Restructures Archives." OHS Bulletin, no. 113 (March 1998): 8.

Canadian Directory of Foundations and Grants, 12th ed, Toronto: Canadian Centre for Philanthropy, c1998. OHS Bulletin, no. 113 (March 1998): 7.

Clifford, Collette. "Capturing Nursing Memories: Writing the History of a School of Nursing." International History of Nursing Journal 3 (Summer 1998): 36-42.

Collière, Marie-Françoise. "Using Anthropology to Analyse Healthcare Situations." Translated by Jacqueline Cook and Marie-Noëlle Mirza. Nursing Inquiry 5 (September 1998): 126-[Internet — Levy Library].

Cordeau, Mary Ann. "NURHIS-L is Established at the University of Connecticut." Bulletin (AAHN), 57 (Winter 1998): 3.

Craig, Barbara L. "What Research Tools do Historians of Canadian Medicine Currently Use? What do They Need and Want for the Future? Report and Analysis of a Survey, 1995-97." Canadian Bulletin of Medical History 14, no. 2 (1997): 289-307.

D'Antonio, Patricia. "Rethinking the Rewriting of Nursing History." The Chronicle 9 (Spring 1998): 1, 4-5.

Darbyshire, Philip. "Qualitative Research: Is It Becoming a New Orthodoxy." Nursing Inquiry 4 (March 1997): 1-. [Internet — Levy Library].

Emden, Carolyn. "A Conversation with Margarete Sandelowski and Philip Darbyshire: Issues in Qualitative Inquiry." Nursing Inquiry 4 (June 1997): 138-. [Internet — Levy Library].

Fee, Elizabeth, and Theodore M. Brown. "Why History?" American Journal of Public Health 87 (November 1997): 1763-1764.

Flood, Marilyn. "Emphasis in Nursing History." Bulletin (AAHN), 58 (Spring 1998): 1. [The need for biographies of nurses].

Flood, Marilyn. "The Quest for Context." Bulletin (AAHN), 59 (Summer 1998): 1.

Forchuk, C., and J. Roberts. "How to Critique Qualitative Research Articles." Canadian Journal of Nursing Research 25 (1996): 47-56. [Dr. Jo Logan, reference list for Telemedicine Canada presentation, 10 June 1998].

Heritage Canada. The Heritage Directory 1994. Ottawa: Heritage Canada, c1994. OHS Bulletin, no. 116 (September 1998): 7.

Hezel, L. F., and L. M. Linebach. "The Development of a Regional Nursing History Collection: Its Relevance to Practice, Education, and Research." Nursing Outlook 39 (1991): 268-272. [In Lindner, 1998, 30].

Iacovetta, Franca, and Wendy Mitchinson. On the Case: Explorations in Social History. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1998. ISBN 0-8020-4302-X (cloth), 0-8020-8129-0 (pb). [Essays about the value of case files in the practice of social history].

Kirby, Stephanie. "The Resurgence of Oral History and the New Issues It Raises." Nurse Researcher 5, no. 2 (1997/8): 45-58. [Courtesy of author].

Liebenberg, Gillian, and Arlee Hoyt McGee. A Guide to Health Care History Materials in New Brunswick. Fredericton: Acadiensis Press, 1998. ISBN 0-919107-43-5. [Courtesy of Dr. Arlee Hoyt McGee].

Lusk, Brigid. "Historical Methodology for Nursing Research." Image 29, no. 4 (1997): 355-359.

Morison, Moya, and Jim Moir. "The Role of Computer Software in the Analysis of Qualitative Data: Efficient Clerk, Research Assistant or Trojan Horse?" Journal of Advanced Nursing 28 (July 1998): 106-116.

Nelson, Sioban. "Reading Nursing History." Nursing Inquiry 4 (December 1997): 229-. [Internet — Levy Library].

Olson, Tom. "Numbers, Narratives and Nursing History Methodology." Image 30, no. 1 (1998): 93-94. [Bulletin (AAHN), 60 (Fall 1998): 8].

Parse, Rosemarie Rizzo. "The Art of Criticism." Nursing Science Quarterly 11 (Summer 1998): 43.

Reaume, Geoffrey. A Classified Bibliography on the History of Psychiatry and Mental Health Services in Canada. Toronto: Museum Corporation, 1998. [Archives and Museum Newsletter 6 (June 1998): 7].

Rinker, Sylvia. "Nursing History Through Patient Records." Windows in Time 6 (August 1998): 6.

Sandelowski, Margarete. "Writing A Good Read: Strategies for Re-Presenting Qualitative Data." Research in Nursing and Health 21 (August 1998): 375-382.

Sedlak, Carol A. "Historical Perspectives on Orthopaedic Nursing Research in Orthopaedic Nursing from 1982 to 1995." Orthopaedic Nursing 16 (November/December 1997): 33-42.

Summers, Annette. "Sairey Gamp: Generating Fact from Fiction." Nursing Inquiry 4 (March 1997): 14-. [Internet — Levy Library].


Allemang, Dr. Margaret M. Margaret received an Honorary Life Membership in the RNAO at its 1998 Annual General Meeting. This was presented in recognition of her distinguished service and outstanding contributions made to the nursing profession, provincially, nationally and internationally. All of us who have had contact with Margaret agree that she has "dedicated her professional life to nursing education, research and history" and in her personal life has shared her deep interest and concern for humanity. A deserved acknowledgment! ["RNAO Recognition Awards," Registered Nurse Journal 10 (May/June 1998): 23].

Burke, Kathleen G. Burke won the 1998 AAHN Student Research prize for "The Factors that Influence the Diffusion of Health Care Technology: A Case Study of the Pulmonary Artery Catheter." University of Pennsylvania. [Bulletin (AAHN), 60 (Fall 1998): 12].

Chouaf, Kathryn L. Chouaf was given the University of Virginia Nursing Alumni Historical Scholarship Award for the Outstanding Nursing History paper done by an undergraduate, "Richmond, Virginia: Nursing and the Influenza Epidemic of 1918." [Windows in Time 6 (August 1998): 9].

McGee, Dr. Arlee Hoyt. In a letter, Normand L. McDonald, Executive Director of the Association of New Brunswick Registered Nursing Assistants and Curator of the New Brunswick Healthcare Museum in Fredericton, pays tribute to Arlee's leadership in preserving nursing history. Arlee has not only established a nursing history centre at the NANB, but she has a growing list of publications to her name. A New Brunswick treasure. ["McGee Truly Dedicated to her Work." Canadian Nurse 94 (August 1998): 12].



Baly, Monica. "Nurses and Suffragettes." International History of Nursing Journal 3 (Spring 1998): 68. [Response to Susan Forsyth's article, "Nursing Leaders and Feminist Issues," IHNJ 3 (Winter 1997/1998)].

Dopson, Laurence. [re: the Association of Health and Residential Care Officers, formerly the Association of Masters and Matrons of Workhouses 1898-1984]. International History of Nursing Journal 3 (Spring 1998): 68-69.

Forsyth, Sue. "A Reply to Monica Baly." International History of Nursing Journal 4 (Autumn 1998): 51-52.

Hill, Arlene. "Great-Aunt Paid Dearly for Freedoms We Enjoy." Toronto Star, 6 June 1998, C3. [Nursing Sister Margaret Lowe from Binscarth, Manitoba, who died from wounds, 28 May 1918. She was one of the four nurses killed at Canada's 1st General Hospital in France.]

Mansell, Diana. "The Importance of Nursing Archives." Canadian Nurse 94 (November 1998): 10.

Zilm, Glennis. "Reader Concerned about [CNA] Library Services." Canadian Nurse 94 (November 1998): 12.



"Mother Bickerdyke's Statue, Galesburg, Illinois." Bulletin (AAHN), no.58 (Spring 1998): 6.



Arton, Michael, editor, History Info. Looking for information about refugee nurses from Germany or Austria between 1938-1939 who arrived in Britain under the auspices of the nursing sub-committee, Home Office's Co-ordinating Committee for Refugees. ADDRESS: 122 Sunningfields Road, London NW4 4RE; TEL/FAX: 0181-203-2733. [History Info Summer 1998): 3].

Brodie, Dr. Barbara, Director, Center for Nursing Historical Inquiry, University of Virginia School of Nursing. Would appreciate receiving any materials related to Annie Laurie Crawford to add to their present collection. Crawford was a faculty member at Duke University School of Nursing, specializing in psychiatry and mental health. She retired in 1974. ADDRESS: McLeod Hall, Charlottesville, VA 22903; E-MAIL <bb9w@Virginia.Edu>. [Windows in Time 6 (August 1998): 10].

Butler, Mrs. V. Ruth. Seeking information re: Kidderminster District Nursing Service and Countess Rachel's contribution to this service in Ireland and Australia. ADDRESS: 10 Brinton Crescent, Sutton Farm Estate, Kidderminster, Worcs DY11 6NT; TEL: 01562-515324. [History Info (Summer 1998): 3].

Comrie, Commander Gill, ARRC. Asking for money, on behalf of the Queen Alexandra's Royal Naval Nursing Service centenary commemoration in 2002, to refurbish the chapel of the Holy Martyrs at Portsmouth Cathedral. A plaque will commemorate naval nursing. Donations may be sent to 10 Anglesey Arms Road, Alverstoke, Gosport, Hampshire, PO12 2DG. [International History of Nursing Journal 4 (Autumn 1998): 50].

Gallinnagh, Róisin, Lecturer/Practitioner in Nursing, Department of Health and Social Sciences, University of Ulster. Searching for information about Agnes Jones. Jones was affiliated with the Donegal/Derry area of Ireland, and has a house named for her on the Altnagelrin Hospital grounds. ADDRESS: Newtonabbey, Co. Antrim, Northern Ireland BT37 0QB. TEL: 01232-365131. [History Info (Summer 1998): 3].

Glass, Laurie K., and Ellen K. Murphy. Wanting information about Ivy B. Clifford who was on faculty at New York University. ADDRESS: <>. [Laurie K. Glass and Ellen K. Murphy, "History Corner: Discovery and Detective Work." AORN 68 (December 1998): 1023].

Glenister, David, lecturer in mental health nursing, Department of Undergraduate and Pre-Registration Nursing and Midwifery Studies, University of Hull. Seeking information about RCN Nurses who were mental health nurses 1939-1979. ADDRESS: School of Nursing, Cottingham Road, Hull HU6 7RX; TEL: 01482-465802. [History Info (Summer 1998): 3].

Kay, Gloria, Conestogo, Ontario. Wishes to add to her collection of nurses' caps. Gloria started collecting caps in the 1970s and now has approximately 90 items from Canada, India, Scotland and England. CONTACT: 519-664-1903. [The Quarterly (TGH Alumnae) (Summer 1998): 13].

Kinder, Anthony. Researching the history of paediatric nursing in England and would like to hear from nurses concerning their experiences related to children's nursing. ADDRESS: 16 Atkinson House, Catesby Street, London, SE17 1QU; TEL: 0171-701-0626. [International History of Nursing Journal 3 (Winter 1997/1998): 94].

Levine, Allan E. MLS. Writing a biography of Dr. Tillson Lever Harrison and wants to include a nursing perspective. Levine would like to hear from or about nurses who worked with Harrison, 1915-1947. Harrison served in China during World War One and the 1920s, had a private practice in Shanghai before World War Two, served with the Royal Navy in the Indian Ocean theatre and worked with UNRRA in Shanghai and Kaifeng. He died in 1947. ADDRESS: Box 2244, Station D, Ottawa, Ontario K1P 5W4. TEL: 613-567-4892; FAX: 613-567-8589; E-MAIL <> or <>. [Newsletter (CAHN/ACHN) 9 (Spring 1997): 3].

Royal College of Nursing, Australia. Seeking donations to build the Australian Service Nurses' Memorial, Anzac Parade, Canberra. During World War II, 3,477 nurses enlisted with the Australian Army Nursing Service. At the dedication of the memorial's site on 15 February 1997, three WW II nurses were present. They had survived the Japanese invasion of Singapore and 3_ years as prisoners of war in a Japanese war camp. The goal is two million dollars. ADDRESS: National Nurses' Memorial Trust, Royal College of Nursing, 1 Napier Close, Deakin, ACT 2600. Australia. ["Million Dollar Day for Service Nurses' Memorial," Australian Nursing Journal 6 (August 1998): 5].

Smith, Susanna, Project Researcher/Archivist, The National Trust. Wanting memorabilia and information about Thurgarton Hundred Workhouse/Greet House, Upton, near Southwell, Nottinghamshire. The National Trust has purchased this institution and would like to contact nurses who worked there c1930. ADDRESS: East Midlands Regional Office, Clumber Park Stableyard, Worksop, Notts. S80 3BE; TEL: 01909-486411. [International History of Nursing Journal 3 (Winter 1997/1998): 95-96].

Stanley, Ms. Jo. Needs information about merchant vessel nurses (not QARNNS) to do a Nursing Times feature. ADDRESS: Dobroyd Castle, Todmorten, West Yorkshire. TEL: 01706-810443. [History Info (Summer 1998): 3].

Tipliski, Veryl. Researching psychiatric mental health nursing in Canada, 1888-1950 for her doctoral thesis. Would like to talk with mental hospital nurses from the 1940s. ADDRESS: 607 Stradbrook Avenue, Winnipeg, Manitoba R3L 0K3; TEL: 204-284-8661; FAX: 204-284-4748.



Creighton, Judy. "To Cap It Off: Retired Nurse Gloria Kay Sees the Nurse's Cap as a Mark of Professionalism." London Free Press 28 December 1998, C1. [Courtesy of Dr. Shirley Stinson].

Creighton, Judy. "Retired Nurse Revives Symbols of Forgotten Era." Toronto Star 7 January 1999, E6. [About Gloria Kay and her collection of nurses' caps. Courtesy of Arlene Scuka].

Scrivener, Leslie. "Nuns Leave Long Legacy of Caring at St. Mike's: Sisters of St. Joseph Moving Out under Hospital Restructuring." Toronto Star 28 June 1998, A2.

Troyer, Gloria. "Mold as a Threat to Human Health." OWHN Newsletter 3 (January 1998): 2. [Alerts people who work with old books and papers to take precautions against molds and micro-organisms causing lung disease e.g., extrinsic allergic alveolitis. Further information can be obtained from Troyer, who has personally experienced the problem. E-MAIL: <>].



Registered Nurses Association of British Columbia: Names added in 1998: Mabel Grey (1880-1976), Isabelle Maude Hill (1871-1936), Margaret Johnson (1871-1929), Shirley Lemiski (1950-1995), Evelyn Mallory (1902-1993), Sister Frances Redmond (1854-1932), Edna Rossiter (1905-1988), Kathleen Simpson (1930-1995), Dorothy Tate Slaughter (1911-1993). [Helen Shore, "RNABC Memorial Book 1998 Nominations," History of Nursing News 9 (August 1998): 14-15].



American Association for the History of Medicine Meeting, 7-10 May 1998, Toronto, Ontario [Program on Internet]:

Brodie, Barbara. "`Long Time Misery among Us': The Eradication of Trachoma in the Appalachian Counties of Kentucky, 1910-1930."

Craig, Barbara L. "Mapping Highways and Byways: Canada's National Health and Medical Archives Information Network."

Fairman, Julie. "Delegated by Default? Analyzing Medical Technology Transfer from Physicians to Nurses: The Case of Physical Diagnosis, 1960-1975."

Heald, Carolyn. "Challenges Posed by Health-Care Restructuring in Canada."

Helmstadter, Carol. "From the Domestic to the Public Sphere: The First Generation of Lady Nurses in England."

Kirkwood, Lynn. "The Public Health Movement and Nursing Education: Rockefeller Funding and the School of Nursing, University of Toronto."

Pope, Felicity. "Accessing Resources via a Virtual Museum."

Smith, Susan L. "Women's Health Work in the Japanese-American Internment Camps."

Tuchman, Arleen. "The `True Assistant to the Obstetrician': State Licensing of Midwives in Nineteenth-Century Germany."

Judith Young. "`Old" Nurses to `New': Nursing Care at Two Toronto Hospitals, 1875-1900."



American Association for the History of Nursing, 15th Annual Conference, Jackson, Mississippi, 25-27 September 1998. [Flyer]:

Ardalan, Christine. "`That Was the Way It Was': The Story of Black Nurses and Midwives in Miami, 1896-1960."

Buckels, Carol, Kathy Ginn, Kathy Pappenfort, and Deborah Welch. "Time Marches On: A Historical Look at Nursing Education in Mississippi."

Connolly, Cynthia. "Poor, Pale, and Pretubercular: The Tuberculosis Preventorium, 1909-1935."

Cook, Katherine C. "`Breaking Cloister': Sisters of Bon Secours, Home and Visiting Nursing, 1881-1919."

Dumas, Rhetaugh G. "New Beginnings: Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow." [Keynote Address].

Dunphy, Lynne M. Hektor, and Basil Wilson. "Caring for Community: The First School Health Nurses, 1900-1920"

Egenes, Karen J. "`Reasonable Service' in a Divided Community: The Work of Lutheran Deaconess Nurses in the Norwegian Immigrant Community of Chicago, 1891-1930."

Erwin, Elizabeth. "The History of Child Psychiatric Nursing: 1947-1997."

Ganske, Kathryn M. "The Path to Recognition: American Military Nursing During the Vietnam War."

Gilbert, Linda Howe. "Passion and Persistence: A Biography of Mary Adelaide Nutting."

Hanggi-Myers, Laura. "The Origins and History of the First Public Health/Community Health Nurses in Louisiana, 1835-1927."

Hanson, Kathleen S. "Down to Vicksburg." [Nursing with the military].

Hawkins, Joellen W. "A Generation of Women on Top: A Smithee Becomes a Nurse." [The career of a nurse who attended Smith College].

Hulton, Linda. "Eradicating the `Germ of Laziness' in Virginia's Rural Schools: Hookworm in the 1900s-1920s."

Keen-Payne, Rhonda. "`We Must Have Nurses': Spanish Influenza in America, 1918-1919."

Kirchgessner, John C. "Miners' Hospitals Come to the Coal Fields of West Virginia: Acute Care Nursing, 1900-1920."

Kolar, Kathryn, LaDonna Northington, and Robin Wilkerson. "The Evolution of Pediatric Nursing in Mississippi During the Past Fifty Years."

Lusk, Brigid. "Trained Nursing Reflected in Lay Magazines, 1880-1928."

McCarthy, Rosemary T. "Military Nursing — A Case in Point: WWII D-Day and Beyond."

O'Dell, Linda, and Ann L. Garrigues. "Ruth Riley, RN, Arkansas Nurse Leader, 1912-1959."

Reeb, Rene M. "Career and Birthing Practices of Mississippi Granny Midwives."

Reedy, Elizabeth A. "`Premature Minded': Nurses, Technology and Premature Infants, 1922-1940."

Roberts, Edna M., and Margaret Morton. "Celebrating Public Health Nursing: Caring for Mississippi's Communities with Courage and Compassion, 1920-1993."

Sabin, Linda E. "King's Daughters and Nurses: A Fruitful Partnership in Mississippi, 1894-1940."

Tallant, Jane, and Jeanette Waits. "Higher Ground: Disaster Nursing in the 1927 Mississippi Flood."

Wilson, Angela S. "The Quest for the Best: Infant Feeding and the Nurse."



American Osler Society Meeting, held in conjunction with the American Association for the History of Medicine Meeting 6 May 1998, Toronto, Ontario [Program]:

Gordon, Ralph C. "Dr. Osler and the Hopkins Student Nurses."



Canadian Association for the History of Nursing/Association canadienne pour l'histoire du nursing, in Ottawa, 29-31 May, 1998. Held in conjunction with the Canadian Society for the History of Medicine at the Congress of the Social Sciences and Humanities (formerly the Learned Societies):

Allard, Geneviève. "Les infirmières militaires canadiennes: leur rôle pendant la Première Guerre mondiale."

Darragh, James. "The Montreal General Hospital School for Nurses: The Livingston Era 1890-1919."

Flynn, Karen. "Race, Class, Gender and Caribbean Nurses."

Forrest, Alison. "Reading Between the Lines: The Canadian Nurses' Association and the Struggle to Forge a Professional Identity, 1925-1955."

Harrison, Helen. "The Dispassionate Professional in the Age of Modernity: Popular Representations of the Healthcare Community, 1920-1960."

MacQueen, Joyce. "Treating Venereal Disease in an Ontario Mining Centre 1932-1944."

McKay, Marion. "Caring in Turbulent Times: A Social and Cultural Analysis of the Board of the Margaret Scott Nursing Mission."

McPherson, Kathryn. "Working with Whiteness: Canadian Nurses and Racial Identity, 1920-1940."

Quiney, Linda. "A `Natural and Divine Instinct of Nursing': Sir James Cantlie, St. John Ambulance and the Training of Canada's Volunteer Nurses for the Great War."

Reverby, Susan. "Whose Clinical Trial? The Public Health Service, Tuskeegee and Nurse Rivers' Dilemma." [The AMS/Paterson Lecture].

Richardson, Sharon. "Changing Ideology of Public Health Nursing in Alberta, 1907 to 1973."

Rutty, Christopher. "Healthy Missions: Catholic Hospitals and the State in Canada: St. Mary's General Hospital, Kitchener, 1916-1998: A Case Study."

Saydak, Marion, and Ina Bramadat. "Getting the Picture: Locating, Cataloguing and Analyzing Pictorial Data."

Young, Judith. "Letters from the Western Canadian Frontier 1900-1920: Womens' Child-bearing and Child-rearing Experiences."



Canadian Historical Association/Société historique du Canada, University of Ottawa, 30 May-1 June 1998 [Bulletin du CCHF (Printemps 1998): 2-3]:

Quiney, Linda J. "`Sharing the Halo': Social and Professional Tensions in the Work of World War I Canadian Volunteer Nurses."

Richardson, Sharon. "`Barely Tolerated' — Degree Nursing at the University of Alberta, 1924-1966."



Center for Nursing Historical Inquiry (University of Virginia) to be presented 17 March 1998 at the Agnes Dillon Randolph award ceremony. [Windows in Time 6 (August 1998): 3]:

Baer, Ellen. "Has the Definition of Nursing Changed in the Era of Managed Care?"


Center for Nursing Historical Inquiry (University of Virginia) Fall 1998 History Forums. [Windows in Time 6 (August 1998): 3]:

Cianci, Marlene. "`Your Grandmother's Public Health Nurse': Maryland Memories."

Hershberger, Ann. "`Other Ways in Which We Can Serve': Mennonite Nurses in World War II."

Nord, Elfrida. "Women Waging War on Tuberculosis in Alaska."




Exploring Issues in Nursing History: Cinderella Services at South Bank University, London, England, 11-12 September 1997. [John Adams, International History of Nursing Journal 3 (Winter 1997/1998): 81-82]:

Aird, Thomas. "The Founding of the National Hospital, Queen Square, and the Development of Neuroscience Nursing."

Mitchell, Duncan. "`No Claim to be Sick Nurses at All': A Study of Marginalisation within Twentieth Century English Nursing."

Nolan, Peter. "Contrasting Compassion and Order in Mental Health Nursing 1850-1950."

Sines, David. "The Development of Learning Disability Nursing."



`From Bevan to Bottomley': Fifty Years of Nursing in the NHS: Historical and Contemporary Issues, 28 March 1998 at Oxford Brookes University, Oxford, UK. [John Adams, International History of Nursing Journal 3 (Summer 1998): 62]:

Beach, Abigail. ""All is Not Well with Nursing — the Briggs Committee and the Beginnings of a New Statutory Framework for Nursing, Midwifery and Health Visiting, c1970-1979."

Rafferty, Anne Marie. "Nursing Research and Policy in the Early NHS."



Heritage Toronto, in the Banking Hall, Heritage Toronto, 4 June 1998, ["Community Calendar," Toronto Star, 1 June 1998, E2]:

Young, Judith. "Nursing 1880 to 1990: Handmaidens or Independent Practitioners."



History of Medicine Seminars (College of Physicians, Philadelphia) to be presented 17 February 1998 [The Chronicle 9 (Spring 1998): 2]:

Fairman, Julie A. "Professional Concern and Patient Care: The Origin of the Intensive Care Unit in Philadelphia."


History of Medicine Seminars (College of Physicians, Philadelphia) to be presented 17 November 1998 [The Chronicle 11 (Fall 1998): 11]:

Fish, Sharon. "Subtle Energies and Channeled Entities: Theosophical Foundations of Occult Healing in Nursing."



International Association for Human Caring Research Conference, 26-28 April 1998 at Philadelphia [The Chronicle 9 (Spring 1998): 7]:

Dieckmann, Janna. "Nursing Association and Advocacy for Long Term Care in the 1950s."



Margaret M. Allemang Centre for the History of Nursing on 31 October 1998 in Toronto:

Helmstadter, Carol. "The Development of Nursing Knowledge 1800 to the Present."



Mona Grey History of Nursing Endowment Lecture, University of Ulster on 9 June 1998:

Rafferty, Anne Marie. "Nursing Pride and Prejudice in a Practice Discipline."



Ontario Women's History Network, 4 April 1998, Toronto:

Mawani, Renisa. "Saving the Sick and Moralizing the Deviant: Public Health Nurses and Venereal Disease in Early 20th Century Canada."



Nursing Archives Associates (Boston University) at its annual meeting 2 April 1998 (Flyer):

Goossen, Rachel Waltner. "Women Against the Cold War: Nurses in the Civilian Service Program."



Registered Nurses Association of Ontario in conjunction with the Toronto East General Hospital, "The Art & Science of Nursing: The Role of Complimentary Therapies." 5 February 1998 [Registered Nurse Journal 10 (November/December 1998): 18]:

Grinspun, Doris. "The Art and Science of Nursing: What Would Miss Nightingale Say?"



Royal College of Nursing (UK), History of Nursing Society, "Round the Regions," [History Info (Summer 1998): 2]:

Ferguson, Rona. "The District Nurse in Scotland, 1940-1970."

Sweet, Helen. "Professionalisation with Nationalisation? District Nursing under the NHS."

Weir, Rosemary. "The History of Nurse Education in Scotland, 1950-1990."


Royal College of Nursing (UK), History of Nursing Society Study Day, "Women and Children First/Mothers and Babies First," 19 May 1998 [History Info (Spring 1998): 8; History Info (Summer 1998): 1]:

Charles, Michele. "The Foundation and Development of the Infants' Hospital."

Nuttall, Alison. "Change and Continuity in the Training of Midwives in the 19th Century Edinburgh."


Royal College of Nursing (UK), RCN History of Nursing Society. "Learning and Teaching Nursing History," 21 July 1998. [Flyer]:

Baly, Monica, and Enid Fox. "Debate: Nursing History: Nurses Teach It with Insight." [For: Dr. Monica Baly; Against: Dr. Enid Fox].

Furness, Maggie. "A Welsh Perspective."

Griffin, Peter. "Teaching the History of Learning Disabilities."

Kirby, Stephanie. "Catching Them Quick: Teaching on Pre Registration Courses."

Mortimer, Barbara. "Let Us Now Praise Famous Women."



Two Nursing Sisters leaving the Royal Canadian Naval Hospital, St. John's, Newfoundland, 27 July 1942. [Kerry Badgley, "`Rigorously Applied in Practice': A Scorched Earth Policy for Canada and Newfoundland During the Second World War," The Archivist, no. 116 (1998): 41].

Vietnam Women's Memorial, National Mall, Washington, D.C. [Content of issue is on "Remembering the Human Face of War." The Humanist 58 (September/October, 1998): cover].



Hutchinson, Kitty. "Shipbound." International History of Nursing Journal 3 (Winter 1997/1998): 86-87. [Hospital Ship Empire Clyde in 1944, formerly the Italian Leonardo da Vinci].



Journal of Multimedia History. Explores the effect of media and technology on research, documentation and dissemination of historical scholarship. CONTACT: Editorial Board, Department of History, University of Albany, Albany, New York 12222. E-MAIL: <>. [CCWH Newsletter) (Spring 1998): 6].

Women in Judaism: A Multidisciplinary Journal. An academic periodical focusing on gender-related issues in Judaism. CONTACT: Dina Eylon, Editor. E-MAIL: <>; WEBSITE: <>. [CCWH Newsletter) (Spring 1998): 5].



Adams, John. Review of No Nightingale Sang, by Geraldine Horton. International History of Nursing Journal 3 (Winter 1997/1998): 91-92. [Experiences during Second World War].

Adams, John. Review of One Hundred Years: A History of the School of Nursing and of Developments at Mater Misericordiae Hospital, 1891-1991, by Sister M. Eugene Nolan. International History of Nursing Journal 4 (Autumn 1998): 49. [Hospital is located in Dublin, Ireland].

Baly, Monica E. Review of The Florence Nightingale Museum Guidebook, by the Florence Nightingale Museum Trust. International History of Nursing Journal 3 (Summer 1998): 59.

Barris, Ted. Review of Nobody Ever Wins a War, by Eric Scott, ed., CARP News (Canadian Association of Retired Persons), 14 (October 1998): 22.

Brand, Pauline. Review of Nursing History Review [Vol. 6, 1998]: Official Journal of the American Association for the History of Nursing. International History of Nursing Journal 3 (Summer 1998): 61.

Burke, Barbara. Review of Recollections: A Retrospective View of Nursing Achievements at the Montreal General Hospital 1971-1996, by Margaret Lewis. History of Nursing News 8 (March 1998): 9-10.

Connolly, Cynthia. Review of The Machine in the Nursery, by Jeffrey Baker. Nursing History Review 7 (1999): 194-196. [About infant incubators 1880-1922].

Crowe, Cathy. Review of Bedside Matters: The Transformation of Canadian Nursing, 1900-1990, by Kathryn McPherson. Resources for Feminist Research 25, nos. 3 & 4 (1988): 107-108. [Courtesy of Cathy Crowe].

Dopson, Laurence. Review of Winifred Hector: Memoirs of a Somerset Woman, by Winifred E. Hector. International History of Nursing Journal 3 (Winter 1997/1998): 88-89.

Dopson, Laurence. Review of The Tony Vale Story: A Century of Care, by David Hinton and Fred Clarke, eds. International History of Nursing Journal 3 (Winter 1997/1998): 92-93. [Brief history of a large mental hospital in Britain].

Dopson, Laurence. Review of From Cradle to Grave: Fifty Years of the NHS, by Geoffrey Rivett. International History of Nursing Journal 3 (Summer 1998): 58.

Dopson, Laurence. Review of The History of the War Memorial Hospital, Llanidloes: 1920-1948, by Brian Owen. International History of Nursing Journal 4 (Autumn 1998): 47.

Gibbon, Carolyn. Review of Past is Present: The CAHN/ACHN Keynote Presentations 1988-1996, by Canadian Association for the History of Nursing/Association canadienne pour l'histoire du nursing. International History of Nursing Journal 3 (Winter 1997/1998): 89-91.

Gilling, Cynthia. Review of In and Out of Harm's Way: A History of the [USA] Navy Nurse Corps, by Captain Doris M. Sterner. International History of Nursing Journal 3 (Summer 1998): 57.

Gleeson, Marcia. Review of Sex and Suffering: Women's Health and a Women's Hospital, by Janet McCalman. Australian Nursing Journal 6 (December 1998/January 1999): 18-20. [Royal Women's Hospital, Melbourne].

Gunn, Jennifer. Review of Nurses' Questions, Women's Questions: The Impact of the Demographic Revolution and Feminism on United States Working Women, 1946-1986, by Susan Rimby Leighow. Nursing History Review 7 (1999): 208-209.

Hamilton, Diane. Review of The Politics of Nursing Knowledge, by Anne Marie Rafferty. Nursing History Review 7 (1999): 214-215.

Helmstadter, Carol. Review of Florence Nightingale and the Nursing Legacy 2nd. ed., by Monica E. Baly. International History of Nursing Journal 3 (Summer 1998): 53-56.

Hicks, Beverley. Review of Bedside Matters: The Transformation of Canadian Nursing, 1900-1990, by Kathryn McPherson. Manitoba History 34 (Autumn 1997): 30-32. [Courtesy of Beverley Hicks].

Kerr, Janet Ross. Review of Bedside Matters: The Transformation of Canadian Nursing, 1900-1990, by Kathryn McPherson. Nursing History Review 7 (1999): 211-212.

Kershaw, Betty. Review of Q. E. Nurse 1928-1957, by Colette Clifford. International History of Nursing Journal 3 (Spring 1998): 66. [Queen Elizabeth Hospital Nurse Training School, Birmingham].

Kershaw, Betty. Review of Mary, Mary, Nurse Contrary: The Life of Mary Alicia Hodkinson 1912-1995, by Ann Bradley. International History of Nursing Journal 4 (Autumn 1998): 48.

Kirby, Stephanie. Review of Researching Women's Lives from a Feminist Perspective, by Mary Maynard and June Purvis, eds. International History of Nursing Journal 3 (Spring 1998): 67.

Lusk, Brigid. Review of A Woman of Valor: Clara Barton and the Civil War, by Stephen B. Oates. Bulletin (AAHN), 57 (Winter 1998): 7-8.

Monteiro, Lois. Review of Florence Nightingale: Letters from the Crimea, 1854-1856, by Sue M. Goldie. Nursing History Review 7 (1999): 189-191.

Ontario Women's History Network. Review of Jean I. Gunn: Nursing Leader, by Natalie Riegler. OWHN Newsletter 3 (January 1998): 2.

Murphy, Kathy. Review of Richmond-Delta Chapter [RNABC] History 1967-1997: Thirty Years of Professional Growth, by Ethel Warbinek and Beth Fitzpatrick. History of Nursing News 9 (December 1998): 6-7.

Reel, Sally. Review of Making Midwives Legal: Childbirth, Medicare and the Law, by Raymond DeVries. Nursing History Review 7 (1999): 201-202.

Rinker, Sylvia. Review of Catching Babies: The Professionalization of Childbirth, by Charlotte Borst. Nursing History Review 7 (1999): 217-219.

Sarnecky, Mary T. Review of American Nursing from Hospitals to Health Systems, by Joan E. Lynaugh and Barbara L. Brush. Nursing History Review 7 (1999): 209-211.

Smith, Susan D. Review of Jean I. Gunn: Nursing Leader, by Natalie Riegler. Canadian Journal of Nursing Administration 10 (Nov.-Dec. 1997): 108.

Tarbox, Mary P. Review of Ministry and Meaning: A Religious History of Catholic Health Care in the United States, by Christopher Kauffman. Nursing History Review 7 (1999): 222-224.

Thompson, Jill. Review of Jean I. Gunn: Nursing Leader, by Natalie Riegler. History of Nursing News 8 (March 1998): 9.

Thompson, Jill. Review of Jean I. Gunn: Nursing Leader, by Natalie Riegler. Newsletter (CAHN/ACHN), 11 (Spring 1998): 6.

Thompson, Jill. Review of A Century of Caring: The Story of Vernon Jubilee Hospital and of Men and Women Who have made Its History, by Daphne Thuillier. History of Nursing News 9 (December 1998): 5.

Tiivel, Judy. Review of Jean I. Gunn: Nursing Leader, by Natalie Riegler. Perspectives (1998): 24. [Courtesy of Judy Tiivel].

"Two New Books by RNAO Authors." Review of Jean I. Gunn: Nursing Leader, by Natalie Riegler. Registered Nurse Journal (RNAO) 10 (July/August 1998): 24.

Walsh, Elizabeth A. Review of A Social History of Wet Nursing in America: From Breast to Bottle, by Janet Golden. Nursing History Review 7 (1999): 203-204.

Weir, Rosemary. Review of Nursing History and the Politics of Welfare, by Anne Marie Rafferty, Jane Robinson and Ruth Elkan, eds. International History of Nursing Journal 3 (Summer 1998): 60.

Wise, Carl T. Review of Doctors in Blue: The Medical History of the Union Army in the Civil War, by George Worthington Adams. Nursing History Review 7 (1999): 191-193.

Woolley, Alma S. Review of A Leap in the Dark: The Origins and Development of the Department of Nursing Studies, The University of Edinburgh, by Rosemary I. Weir. Nursing History Review 7 (1999): 216-217.


Connor, Patricia Ann. Received a TriService Nursing Research Program grant to assist in her doctoral study "Angels of the Mercy Fleet: Nursing the Ill and Wounded Aboard US Navy Hospital Ships in the Pacific During World War II." [Windows in Time 6 (August 1998): 9].

Arton, Michael. "The Professionalisation of Mental Nursing in Great Britain, 1850-1950." [History Info (Summer 1998): 2].



McGee, Arlee Hoyt. The Nurses' Walk. Fredericton: A. H. McGee, 1998. ISBN 1-895613-16-17. [Courtesy of the author].



Adamson, M. "`A Hardy Annual': The Question of the State Registration of Nurses in New South Wales, 1899-1924." Bachelor of Arts (Honours) thesis, Macquarie University, Sidney, 1986. [In Forsyth, 1997/1998, 31].

Cole, Joyce. "West Indian Teachers and Nurses in Ontario, Canada: A Study of Migration Patterns." M.A. thesis, McMaster University, Hamilton, 1967. [In Cole, 1998, 60].

Dieckmann, Janna. "Caring for the Chronically Ill: Philadelphia, 1945-1965." Doctoral diss., 1997. [The Chronicle 9 (Spring 1998): 2].

Fisli, Barbara Anne. "A History of the Rush University, College of Nursing and the Development of the Unification Model 1972-1988." Ph.D. diss., Loyola University, 1994. [Bulletin (AAHN), 60 (Fall 1998): 8].

Harris, Heather. "Constructing Colonialism: Medicine, Technology, and the Frontier Nursing Service." M.S. thesis, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, 1995. [In Ettinger, 1998, 62].

Lewis, Elizabeth L. "The Division of Nursing Labor in the Hospital: The Role of `Scientific Management', New York State, 1900-1940." diss., Columbia University, 1990. [Internet].

Mansell, Diana. "The History of Nursing in Canada: Spiritual Vocation to Secular Profession." Ph.D. diss., University of Calgary, 1996. [Newsletter (CAHN/ACHN), 11 (Autumn 1998): 9].

McFarland-Icke, Bronwyn R. "Moral Consciousness and the Politics of Exclusion: Nursing in German Psychiatry, 1918-1945." diss., University of Chicago, 1997. [Internet].

Merrill, Steven E. "Luther Christman: Professional Reformer." Ph.D. diss., University of Michigan, 1998. [Bulletin (AAHN), 60 (Fall 1998): 8].

Rafael, Adeline R. Falk. "Every Day Has Different Music: An Oral History of Public Health Nursing in Southern Ontario, 1980-1996." Ph.D. diss., D'Youville University, c1997. [Courtesy of author].

Rozendo, Célia Alves. "Liderança em enfermagem: refletindo sobre um mito." Dissertação (Mestrado) — Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São Paulo, 1991. [In Silva et al, 1998, 24].

Rutty, Christopher J. "Do Something! Do Anything! Poliomyelitis in Canada, 1927-1962." Ph.D. diss, University of Toronto, 1995. [Pamphlet].

Sheehan, John. ""Guardians of the Pariahs? Asylum Attendants in Victorian England, 1852-1889." Master's diss., University of Huddersfield, 1997. [In Sheehan, 1998, 25].

Silva, Eliete Maria. "Supervisão em enfermagem: analise critica das publicações no Brasil dos anos 30 à década de 80." Dissertação (Mestrado) — Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São Pãulo, 1991. [In Silva et al, 1998, 23].

Toman, Cynthia. "Crossing the Technological Line: Blood Transfusion and the Art and Science of Nursing, 1942-1990." MScN thesis, University of Ottawa, 1998. [Cynthia Toman received the first scholarship awarded by CAHN/ACHN in 1998.] [Courtesy of author].

Winters, Susan. "Enlightened Citizen: Frances Payne Bolton and the Nursing Profession." Doctoral diss., University of Virginia, 1997. [Received the 1998 AAHN Teresa E. Christy Award. (Bulletin (AAHN), 60 (Fall 1998): 12)].



American Association for the History of Nursing 1999 Calendar. <>. The AAHN 1999 calendar contains historical information. It can be printed from the website courtesy of Janet L. Fickeissen, webmaster.

American Holistic Nurses Association. WEBSITE: <>. [Through this website you can link to the Nightingale project for a world-wide commemorative moment on Nightingale's birthday, 12 May 2000 at 12 noon.

Blackwell Science (nursing journals). <>.

Canadian Committee on Women's History List c/o Karen Duder in Victoria. If you wish to be added to the network contact <LISTSERV@UVVM.BITNET>. [CCWH Newsletter (Spring 1998): 8].

The Center for the Study of the History of Nursing. <>.

The Center for Nursing Historical Inquiry. <>.

Florence Nightingale Museum, London, England. E-MAIL: <; WEBSITE: <>.

Heritage Toronto. E-MAIL: <>; WEBSITE: <>.

History of Medicine online database of the National Library of Medicine HISTLINE: E-MAIL: Susan Sparks <>: WEBSITE: <>.

Humanities and Social Sciences Federation of Canada. <>.

Lippincott's Nursing Center. <>.

Medical History on Internet. <>. c/o A. J. Wright, MLS, Dept. of Anestheology Library, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham.

The Midwest Nursing Research Society (MNRS). <>.

National Institute of Nursing Research. <>.

National Library of Canada. <>.

Nursing and Health Care Resources on the Net. <>.

Nursing History Resource Centre at the Nurses Association of New Brunswick. <>.

Nursing Leadership Archives located in the University of Connecticut Dodd Research Center. <>.

Online Journal of Issues in Nursing. <>. [Kent State School of Nursing].

Registered Nurses Association of Ontario. <>.

Royal College of Nursing for the ICN Centennial 27 June-1 July 1999. <>.

Virginia Henderson International Nursing Library (STTI). <>.

Virtual Nurse. <>.



AAHN= American Association for the History of Nursing

AMS= Associated Medical Services

AORN = Association of Operating Room Nurses Journal

CAHN/ACHN = Canadian Association for the History of Nursing/Association canadienne pour l'histoire du nursing

CCHF = Comité canadien de l'histoire des femmes

CCWH = Canadian Committee on Women's History

CNA = Canadian Nurses' Association

Levy Library = Gustave & Janet W. Levy Library, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York City

NANB = Nurse's Association of New Brunswick

NHS = National Health Service (Britain)

NRIG = Nursing Research Interest Group (RNAO)

OHS = Ontario Historical Society

OWHN = Ontario Women's History Network

RCN = Royal College of Nursing

RHSJ = The Religious Hospitallers of St. Joseph

RNABC = Registered Nurses' Association of British Columbia

RNAO = Registered Nurses' Association of Ontario

STTI = Sigma Theta Tau International Honor Society of Nursing

TGH = Toronto General Hospital

UK = United Kingdom



Archives and Museum Newsletter — Archives on the History of Psychiatry and Mental Health Services and The Museum of Mental Health Services (Toronto)

The Chronicle — Center for the Study of the History of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania

History Info — History of Nursing Society Newsletter, Royal College of Nursing (UK)

History of Nursing News — History of Nursing Professional Practice Group, RNABC.

Registered Nurse Journal — Registered Nurses' Association of Ontario

Windows in Time — The Center for Nursing Historical Inquiry, University of Virginia



On 23 April 1908, Mary Agnes Snively, Superintendent of Nurses at the Toronto General Hospital, closed her address to the graduating class of the Kingston General Hospital with

The foundations are already laid in our nature; in each of us there are promises of a growth, to which no limitation can be set. Therefore, "Whatsoever things are true, whatsoever things are honorable, whatsoever things are just, whatsoever things are pure, whatsoever things are lovely, whatsoever things are of good report, think on these things.




© 2000, The Margaret M Allemang Centre for the History of Nursing